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Minsk voblast

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Minsk voblast

"Minsk Province" redirects here. For the former division of the Russian Empire (1793-1921), see Minsk Governorate.
Minsk Voblast
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Minsk Oblast

Coat of arms
Administrative center Minsk
Largest cities Minsk - 1,780,000
Barysaw - 150,400
Salihorsk - 101,400
Maladzechna - 98,514
Raions 22
Cities - 22
Urban localities - 20
City raions 8
Area
 • Total 39,900 km2 (15,400 sq mi)
Highest elevation 345 m (1,132 ft)
Population
 • Total 1,411,500 [1]
 • Density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Website minsk-region.gov.by

Minsk Voblast (Province) or Minsk Oblast (Belarusian: Мі́нская во́бласць, [ˈmʲinskaja ˈvobɫasʲtsʲ]; Russian: Минская о́бласть; Minskaya Oblast) is a province or region (voblast) of Belarus with its administrative center being Minsk, although still being a separate administrative subdivision of Belarus. As of 2011, the voblast's population is 1,411,500.[1]

Geography

The Minsk Oblast covers a total area of 39,900 km²,[1] about 19.44% of the national total. Lake Narach, the largest lake in the country, is located in the northern part of the region. There are four other large lakes in this region: Svir (8th largest), Myadel (11th largest), Selyava (14th largest) and Myastro (15th largest).[2] It is the only province of Belarus whose border is not part of the international border of Belarus.

History

From the beginning of the 10th century, the territory of the current Minsk region was part of Kievan Rus'; later, a part of the Principality of Polotsk; then, was absorbed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania after its formation. With the unification of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland, the territory became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In 1793, as a result of the second partition of Polish territory, the region was annexed by Russia as the Minsk Oblast. During the collapse of the Russian Empire and the Civil War, the western part was annexed to Poland in 1921, while the east became Soviet Belarus.

The Minsk region was formed on 15 January 1938 based on an amendment of the Constitutional Law of the USSR. As of 20 February 1938, the area included 20 districts.

On 20 September 1944, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Gressky, Kopyl, Krasnoslobodski, Luban, Slutsky, Starobin, Starodorozhski districts and the city of Sluck were removed from the Minsk region and transferred to the newly formed Bobruisk Region.

On 8 January 1954, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Nesvizhski and Stolbtsovsky districts from the abolished Baranovichi region, as well as the Glusk, Gressky, Kopyl, Krasnoslobodski, Luban, Slutsky, Starobin, Starodorozhski districts and the city of Sluck from the abolished Bobruisk Oblast, were appended to the Minsk Oblast.

In 1960, following the abolition of Molodechno, its southern part became the northern part of the Minsk region.

Tourism

The number of travel agencies in Minsk Region grew from twelve in 2000 to seventy in 2010.[3][4] The most popular tourist destinations of the region are Zaslavskoye Lake, the Zhdanovichi area which has health resorts, Nesvizh Palace and it's surroundings, as well as the alpine ski resorts of Logoysk and Silichi.

Administrative subdivisions

Today the Minsk Region comprises 22 districts (raions), 307 selsovets, 22 cities, 8 city municipalities, and 20 urban-type settlements.

Cities and towns

See also

References

External links

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