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Mishawaka, Indiana

City of Mishawaka, Indiana
City
Mishawaka downtown, south of the St. Joe River
Mishawaka downtown, south of the St. Joe River
Nickname(s): The Princess City
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Indiana
County St. Joseph
Township Penn
Government
 • Mayor David Wood (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 17.35 sq mi (44.94 km2)
 • Land 17.00 sq mi (44.03 km2)
 • Water 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
Elevation 719 ft (219 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 48,252
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 48,031
 • Density 2,838.4/sq mi (1,095.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 46544-46546
Area code(s) 574
FIPS code 18-49932[4]
GNIS feature ID 0452691[5]
Website http://www.mishawaka.in.gov

Mishawaka is a city on the St. Joseph River, a part of the South Bend Metropolitan statistical area in St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States. The population was 48,252 as of the 2010 Census. Its nickname is "the Princess City."

Mishawaka is a principal city of the South Bend–Mishawaka, IN-MI, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Awards 2
  • Neighborhoods, leisure and sports heritage 3
  • Sister cities 4
  • Points of interest 5
  • Notable people 6
  • Geography 7
  • Demographics 8
    • 2010 census 8.1
  • Transportation 9
  • Major highways 10
  • Education 11
  • Media 12
  • Mishawaka Common Council 13
  • Legend of "Princess" Mishawaka 14
  • References 15
  • Further reading 16
  • External links 17

History

Mishawaka’s recorded history began with the discovery of bog iron deposits at the beginning of the 1830s. Settlers arriving to mine the deposits founded the town of St. Joseph Iron Works in 1831. Within a few years, the town had a blast furnace, a general store, a tavern, and about 200 residents. Business prospered, and in 1833 St. Joseph Iron Works, Indiana City, and two other adjacent small towns were incorporated to form the city of Mishawaka.

In September 1872, a fire destroyed three quarters of Mishawaka’s business district. However, the citizens rebuilt and attracted new industry. The Dodge Manufacturing Company, Perkins Windmills and the Mishawaka Woolen and Rubber Company (later Ball Band, then Uniroyal) all helped the town to prosper. Mishawaka grew through both industry and agriculture. In the late 19th century, Mishawaka became known as the "Peppermint Capital of the World", since the area's rich black loam produced great quantities of mint.

From 1906 to 1915, Mishawaka was the manufacturing home of the luxurious American Simplex motor car. Four American Simplex autos entered the first Indianapolis 500 in 1911. One Simplex crashed, killing the mechanic riding with the driver, while the other Mishawaka cars finished sixth, eighth and twentieth.

Ball Band made rubber garments and was hit by a major strike in 1931, but flourished in the 1940s, finally closing in 1997 in the face of cheaper imports. Manufacturing in Mishawaka peaked in the 1940s and began a slow decline as the economic base shifted to retail services and small industry.

In 1979, University Park Mall opened north of Mishawaka. In 1990, AM General began producing the Hummer in its Mishawaka plant. The MV-1 is a purpose-built taxicab and replaces the planned Standard Taxi, and like that car it was developed in collaboration with AM General.[6] The car is built in Mishawaka, Indiana, at an AM General plant. AM General will begin making Mercedes vehicles in 2015.[6][7]

Awards

  • A BusinessWeek Magazine Best Place to Raise Your Kids 2010: Indiana[8]

Neighborhoods, leisure and sports heritage

Old fashioned neighborhoods still exist all over the city, and many of the newer residential subdivisions that have been developed within the city in recent years have attempted to replicate the community spirit and "hometown" neighborhood feel. Because neighborhoods are such a vital resource to the success of Mishawaka, the city continually upgrades and develops new neighborhood park and recreation facilities. Presently, a total of 29 parks allow Mishawaka residents to golf, play ball, fish and exercise. In 1968, the city opened an outdoor

  • City of Mishawaka, Indiana website
  • Mishawaka-Penn-Harris Public Library
  • School City of Mishawaka
  • St. Joseph County Chamber of Commerce
  • Visit South Bend Mishawaka
  • Mishawaka's Official Business Directory

External links

  • Babcock, Glenn D. History of United States Rubber Company: A Case Study in Corporate Management (1966).
  • Bridges, Janice. Indiana's princess city: The history of Mishawaka, 1832-1932 (1976)
  • DeKever, Peter J. With Our Past: Essays on the history of Mishawaka (2003)
  • Eisen, D., ed. A Mishawaka Mosaic (Mishawaka: Friends of the Mishawaka Library, 1983), on diverse ethnic groups
  • Hume, Susan E. "Belgian Settlement and Society in the Indiana Rust Belt," Geographical Review (2003) 93#1 pp. 30–50 in JSTOR on the Flemish settlement in southwest Mishawaka that begin in 1920s

Further reading

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ a b Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2009-10-21). "AM General to build VPG MV-1 people-mover at Hummer H2 factory". AutoBlog. Aol. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. 
  7. ^ Coxworth, Ben (September 22, 2011). "MV-1 van is designed specifically for wheelchair users". gizmag.com. Archived from the original on 2012-04-03. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Best Places to Raise Your Kids: 2010". Businessweek.com. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  9. ^ outdoor Olympic-size swimming pool Archived February 4, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ George Wilson Park Archived February 21, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Welcome to Whiffleball.org". worldwiffleball.org. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  12. ^ Beutter Park Archived February 7, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Battell Park's Band Shelter Archived February 4, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Shiojiri Garden (16 April 2015)
  15. ^ The Beiger Mansion Archived February 2, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Conte Candoli
  17. ^ Pete Candoli Archived February 17, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Kennedy, Mark (14 October 2011). "In the driver's seat: Adam Driver's hot career".  
  19. ^ Buddy Emmons#cite note-The Steel Guitar Hall of Fame-0
  20. ^ "Ridan Author Todd A Fonseca". Ridan Publishing. ≠2009-10-01. 
  21. ^ "GOVENOR "SONNY" GRADY". geocities.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  22. ^ "George Gulyanics". databasefootball.com. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "JAMES A. (MOOSE) MACKENZIE(Deceased". geocities.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  24. ^ "Joy Lynn White". ARTISTdirect. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  25. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  26. ^ "School City of Mishawaka". mishawaka.k12.in.us. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  27. ^ "Penn-Harris-Madison School Corporation". phm.k12.in.us. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  28. ^ The Nielsen Company. "Nielsen Reports 1.1% increase in U.S. Television Households for the 2006-2007 Season." Nielsen Media Research. Retrieved on January 26, 2008.
  29. ^ Allison, Harold (©1986, Harold Allison). The Tragic Saga of the Indiana Indians. Turner Publishing Company, Paducah. pp. 99–100.  

References

One legend holds that the city is named after Mishawaka, daughter of Shawnee Chief Elkhart. Although Native Americans do not have royalties, in the 19th century, "princess" was a term often used to describe a tribal Chief's daughter. According to the story, the Shawnee were permitted to settle on Potawatomi lands in the late 18th century, and Potawatomi Chief Grey Wolf soon fell in love with Mishawaka. She rejected his advances and pledged her love to a white trapper, known only as Deadshot. A war between the two tribes ensued, and Grey Wolf captured Mishawaka and threatened to kill her unless she married him. Deadshot followed him, however, and the two men fought to the death. Grey Wolf died, but not before stabbing Mishawaka in the breast. She recovered, but died in 1818 at age 32. She was supposedly buried near Lincoln Park, where a bronze marker recounts the legend.[29]

Legend of "Princess" Mishawaka

  • First District: Dale Emmons
  • Second District: Mike Bellovich
  • Third District: John Reisdorf
  • Fourth District: Kate Voelker
  • Fifth District: Mike Compton
  • Sixth District: Ron Banicki
  • At-Large: Dan Bilancio
  • At-Large: Matt Mammolenti
  • At-Large: John Roggeman
  • City Clerk: Debbie Ladyga-Block

Mishawaka Common Council

Mishawaka located stations include WSBT-TV (CBS), WBND-LD (ABC), WCWW-LD (CW) and WMYS-LD (My Network TV). Stations located in nearby South Bend, IN include WNDU-TV (NBC), WNIT-TV (PBS) and WHME-TV (LeSEA). WSJV (Fox) also broadcasts in the Michiana area from Elkhart, IN.

As of 2013, the South Bend-Mishawaka-Elkhart designated market area is the 95th largest in the United States, with 319,860 (0.3% of the US population) homes.[28] Most of the major television networks have affiliates in the Michiana area.

Mishawaka has a wide variety of local radio broadcast available in the area. Stations' programming content contains a wide variety including public radio, classical music, religious, country, and urban contemporary among others. For more information, see List of Radio Stations in Mishawaka, Indiana.

One major daily newspaper serves the Michiana Metro area, the South Bend Tribune. It is distributed throughout the Michiana region and publishes five editions including a Metro edition, Mishawaka edition, Michigan edition, Penn-Harris-Madison East edition and a Marshall edition.

Media

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend operates four private Catholic schools in Mishawaka, including Marian High School.

  • Twin Branch Elementary School
  • Hums Elementary
  • Beiger Elementary
  • Emmons Elementary
  • LaSalle Elementary
  • Liberty Elementary
  • Battell Elementary
  • John Young Middle School
  • Mishawaka High School[26]
  • Penn High School[27]

Mishawaka Public Schools:

Public schools in Mishawaka are operated by the School City of Mishawaka.

Bethel College is an accredited evangelical Christian liberal arts school with 1,700 students.

Mishawaka High School.

Education

Major highways

Mishawaka is served by TRANSPO municipal bus system, which also serves South Bend and several smaller suburbs in South Bend-Mishawaka metropolitan region. The Interurban Trolley's Bittersweet/Mishawaka route stops at Martin's Supermarket, connecting riders to the city of Elkhart and the town of Osceola. The closest Amtrak station and the closest commercial airport are both located in western South Bend.

Transportation

The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.3% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

There were 21,343 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.0% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.92.

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 48,252 people, 21,343 households, and 11,730 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,838.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,095.9/km2). There were 24,088 housing units at an average density of 1,416.9 per square mile (547.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.1% White, 6.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.

2010 census

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $33,986, and the median income for a family was $41,947. Males had a median income of $33,878 versus $23,672 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,434. About 7.3% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Demographics

According to the 2010 census, Mishawaka has a total area of 17.348 square miles (44.93 km2), of which 17 square miles (44.03 km2) (or 97.99%) is land and 0.348 square miles (0.90 km2) (or 2.01%) is water.[1]

Geography

Notable people

  • Beutter Park - The new park includes a river race with elliptical-shaped overlook weirs and fiber-optic underwater lighting, two connecting bridges across the St. Joseph River race to the park, the Mishawaka Riverwalk, the "Shards" sculpture, and an 800-foot perennial garden.[12]
  • Battell Park's WPA-built band shelter and terraced rock garden.[13]
  • Mishawaka Carnegie Library on N. Hill St, now a private residence
  • Shiojiri Garden, located in Merrifield Park, is a Japanese strolling garden that symbolizes the Sister-City relationship between Mishawaka, Indiana and Shiojiri City, Japan.[14]
  • The Beiger Mansion, built in 1903 and beautifully restored in 1973, was gutted by arson in 1974. The building has since been re-renovated (although not to its former state) and is home to a popular area bed and breakfast and events facility.[15]
  • The Otis R. Bowen Museum, located on the campus of Bethel College, houses memorabilia and artifacts related to Dr. Otis Bowen's years as Governor of Indiana and Secretary of Health and Human Services. It also houses a copy of the Otis Bowen (bust).
The Battell Park Historic District is one of nine sites in Mishawaka listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Points of interest

Sister cities

in football since 1920. 11 state championships) have won a combined Marian High School, and Penn High School, Mishawaka High School (high schools held at Rose Park’s 22-field wiffleball complex until 2012. The city's three [11] tournament, the World WiffleBall Championship,wiffleball, the city also hosted the nation's oldest and largest homing pigeons, and a few Belgian immigrants continue to raise and race bocce as well as an 18-hole frisbee golf course. While some of the city's Italian immigrants still play games like [10]

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