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Moytoy of Citico

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Title: Moytoy of Citico  
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Subject: Anglo-Cherokee War, Hanging Maw, Principal Chiefs of the Cherokee, Moytoy, Chickamauga Wars (1776–94)
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Moytoy of Citico

Not to be confused with Moytoy of Tellico.

Moytoy of Citico was a Cherokee leader during the time of the Anglo-Cherokee War (1759–1761) and was its chief instigator. Also called Amo-adaw-ehi, Moytoy was the nephew of the Moytoy of Tellico.[1]

In retaliation for perceived slights by the British while campaigning with them against the French in the French and Indian War in 1758, Moytoy took his band and left the campaign to return home. He stole a number of British horses in compensation. The rest of the Cherokee allies were said to agree with his perception of the British, but the leaders Attakullakulla and Ostenaco did not agree with his actions.

Moytoy was a war chief in the conflict that began in 1759 between the Cherokee and British.


Moytoy's name comes from the Cherokee A-Ma-Do-Ya (or amatoya), "rainmaker." This could have been his personal name, or a title he held.



  • Brown, John P. Old Frontiers. (Kingsport: Southern Publishers, 1938).
  • Evans, E. Raymond. "Notable Persons in Cherokee History: Ostenaco". Journal of Cherokee Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 41–54. (Cherokee: Museum of the Cherokee Indian, 1976).
  • Haywood, W.H. The Civil and Political History of the State of Tennessee from its Earliest Settlement up to the Year 1796. (Nashville: Methodist Episcopal Publishing House, 1891).
  • Kelly, James C. "Notable Persons in Cherokee History: Attakullakulla." Journal of Cherokee Studies 3:1 (Winter 1978), 2-34.
  • Ramsey, James Gettys McGregor. The Annals of Tennessee to the End of the Eighteenth Century. (Chattanooga: Judge David Campbell, 1926).

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