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N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase

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N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase

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N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase
Identifiers
EC number CAS number IntEnz BRENDA ExPASy KEGG MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM PDB structures PDBsum
Gene Ontology EGO

N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase also known as glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GNS gene.[1] This enzyme is deficient in Sanfilippo Syndrome type IIId.[2][3][4] This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction:

Hydrolysis of the 6-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate units of heparan sulfate and keratan sulfate

Function

N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase is a lysosomal enzyme found in all cells. It is involved in the catabolism of heparin, heparan sulphate, and keratan sulphate.[1]

Clinical significance

Deficiency of this enzyme results in the accumulation of undegraded substrate and the lysosomal storage disorder mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID (Sanfilippo D syndrome). Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID is the least common of the four subtypes of Sanfilippo syndrome.[1]

Nomenclature

The systematic name of this enzyme is "N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-sulfate 6-sulfohydrolase". Other accepted names include:

  • N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase,
  • glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase,
  • 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-sulfate sulfatase,
  • N-acetylglucosamine 6-sulfate sulfatase,
  • O,N-disulfate O-sulfohydrolase,
  • acetylglucosamine 6-sulfatase,
  • chondroitinsulfatase, and
  • glucosamine-6-sulfatase.

References

External links

  • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)

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