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Nikolai Ogarkov

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Title: Nikolai Ogarkov  
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Subject: Dmitriy Ustinov, Korean Air Lines Flight 007, Viktor Kulikov, Marshal of the Soviet Union, 286 in Africa
Collection: 1917 Births, 1994 Deaths, Burials at Novodevichy Cemetery, Communist Party of the Soviet Union Members, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Knights of the Order of Polonia Restituta, Korean Air Lines Flight 007, Lenin Prize Winners, Marshals of the Soviet Union, People from Molokovsky District, People from Tver Governorate, Recipients of the Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the Ussr, 3Rd Class, Recipients of the Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces, 3Rd Class, Recipients of the Order of Lenin, Twice, Recipients of the Order of Suvorov, 1St Class, Recipients of the Order of the October Revolution, Recipients of the Order of the Patriotic War, 1St Class, Twice, Recipients of the Order of the Patriotic War, 2Nd Class, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner, Recipients of the Order of the Red Star, Twice
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Nikolai Ogarkov

Nikolai Vasilyevich Ogarkov
Native name Николай Васильевич Огарков
Nickname(s) "Formidable soldier"
«грозный солдат»
Born (1917-10-30)October 30, 1917
Molokovo, near Tver, Russia
Died January 23, 1994(1994-01-23) (aged 76)
Moscow, Russia
Allegiance Soviet Union
Years of service 1938-1994
Rank Marshal of the Soviet Union
Commands held Soviet General Staff

Nikolai Vasilyevich Ogarkov (Russian: Николай Васильевич Огарков; October 30, 1917 in the village of Molokovo, Tver Governorate – January 23, 1994) was a prominent Soviet military personality. He was promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1977. Between 1977 and 1984, he was Chief of the General Staff of the USSR. He became widely known in the West when he became the Soviet military's spokesman following the shootdown of Korean Air Lines Flight 007 near Moneron Island in September 1983. He was fired by General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko in 1984 for his association with Grigory Romanov (see below).


  • The Revolution in Military Affairs and Ogarkov's Ousting 1
  • Awards 2
  • Legacy 3
  • Nikolai Ogarkov in popular culture 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

The Revolution in Military Affairs and Ogarkov's Ousting

In 1984,

Military offices
Preceded by
Viktor Kulikov
Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union
7 January 1977-September 1984
Succeeded by
Sergey Akhromeyev
  • (Russian) Biography
  • Works by or about Nikolai Ogarkov in libraries (WorldCat catalog)

External links

  1. ^ Zemcov, Ilja: Chernenko: The Last Bolshevik: The Soviet Union on the Eve of Perestroika. Transaction Publishers, 1988. ISBN 0887382606
  2. ^ Mitchell, Judson: Getting to the Top in the USSR: Cyclical Patterns in the Leadership Succession Process. Hoover Institution Press, 1990. ISBN 0817989226
  3. ^ Культура (in Russian). Администрация Молоковского района. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Clarke, Richard A. (2007). Breakpoint. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. 80.  


  • In establishing one of the animating ideas for his novel, Breakpoint, Richard Clarke includes a discussion of technological advantage in revolution in military affairs using the precedent of the end of the Cold War. He characterizes Ogarkov as the first Soviet military leader who "realized that the gap [in technology] had gotten so wide that they could not catch up. So they gave up ...".[4]

Nikolai Ogarkov in popular culture

In 2003, a regional museum was opened in Molokovo. The museum is named after Ogarkov and presents expositions about his life.[3]



forces. NATO Ogarkov was later made operational commander of the Western theater of the Soviet strategic forces, i.e. of the forces directly posed against [2], Ogarkov outlined his vision for modernizing the Soviet military. Romanov, who was preparing for a diplomatic mission, could not protect Ogarkov from being dismissed from his positions for "unpartylike tendencies".Krasnaya Zvezda Ogarkov was a strong advocate of reconstructing the huge, unwieldy Soviet military machine into a smaller, more compact strike force based around advanced technology. In a candid exchange with an American journalist in 1982, he had admitted that "Soviet technology is a generation or two behind America. In your country, even small children play with computers. We do not even have them in every office of the Defense Ministry. And for reasons you well know, we cannot easily make computers available in our society. Economic reforms are sorely needed, but they will most likely also entail political reforms." This openness was in sharp contrast with the bombastic anti-American rhetoric he displayed during the aftermath of the KAL-007 shootdown. Aside from Ogarkov's belief that fundamental changes needed to be made to the Soviet socioeconomic status quo, he also ran afoul of army officers who believed in a more traditional WWII style of warfare. In a 1984 article in the army newspaper [1]

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