World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

No. 329 Squadron RAF

Article Id: WHEBN0022009680
Reproduction Date:

Title: No. 329 Squadron RAF  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: No. 145 Wing RAF, List of Supermarine Spitfire operators, List of air forces, No. 238 Squadron RAF, No. 334 Squadron RAF
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

No. 329 Squadron RAF

No. 329 Squadron RAF (French language: 329 Forces Aériennes Françaises Libres) was a Royal Air Force fighter squadron founded upon the personnel and traditions of the French 1/2 fighter squadron Storks (Escadron de Chasse 1/2 Cigognes), having markings "5A" 1944-1945.

RAF service

During the period of the Second World War, a large number of the squadrons of RAF were manned by personnel from countries which had been overwhelmed by [2]

After assembling at Ayr, it moved to Perranporth, in Cornwall, UK, to begin equipping with Spitfire Vs. By March, these had been replaced by mark IXs.[3] Becoming operational on 1 March, by which time the mark Vs had been withdrawn.[4] The squadron joined No. 415 Wing Free French units of 2nd Tactical Air Force on 14 April and provided cover for the D Day landings in Normandy in the following June.[5] At this stage, its commanding officer was Lieutenant-colonel (Wing commander[6]) Fleurquin.[7] In August, it moved to Sommervieu, near Bayeux in Normandy, under the command of Capitaine (Flight lieutenant) Ozanne.[8] As a squadron of a tactical wing, it specialized in ground attack of troop movements, road and river supply convoys and V-weapon launch sites. However, the job included air to air combat and after it had moved forward into the Low Countries in September, it met its first jet-propelled opposition in December, 1944.[9] In March 1945, No. 329 returned to the UK. It was stationed at Turnhouse.[10] In May 1945, it was moved to the West of England but fifteen of its aircraft participated in the Victory fly-past in Paris on 14th July 1945.[11] It was disbanded in the UK, at Fairwood Common on 17 November 1945.[12]

On the fifteenth, it moved to Friedrichshafen via Le Bourget as escadron de chasse 01.002 "Cigognes" or EC 1/2 in the short form of the title, a unit of the newly reconstituted 2nd Fighter Wing (2ème escadre de chasse) of the French Air Force (Armée de l’Air) [13]

Aircraft

  • February 1944 to March 1944 - Supermarine Spitfire Mk. VB.[14]
  • February 1944 to March 1944 - Supermarine Spitfire Mk. VC.
  • February 1944 to March 1945 - Supermarine Spitfire Mk. IX
  • April 1945 to November 1945 - Supermarine Spitfire Mk. IX
  • February 1945 to April 1945 - Supermarine Spitfire Mk. XVI

Profiles of the squadron's aircraft, with its markings may be seen on the RAF web site. This shows all the squadron's aircraft with cannon as would suit a ground attack rôle.

Armament [15]

The Mk VA mounted eight 0.303 machine guns. Mk VB had two 20mm canon and four 0.303" machine guns. The Mk VC had a universal wing capable of mounting eight 0.303" machine guns or two 20 mm canon and four machine guns. As well as these options, the VC could carry two 250 lb (113 kg) bombs. In addition, all three had a centre-line rack for carrying either a 500 lb (227 kg) bomb or an external fuel tank. Each was fitted with a Merlin 45 engine: 1,440 horsepower).

The Mk IX was essentially a Mk V with a more powerful engine (Merlin 61) and the low-level versions had clipped wings. Likewise, the Mk XVI had a more powerful engine still (Packard Merlin 266: 1,705 hp).

References

  • Churchill, W.S. The Second World War, Cassel, London. (1951) Vol. IV Chapters XXXIV & XXXV.
  • Official French Air Force web site (fr). Squadron entry
  • Gunston, Bill. Encyclopedia of the World's Combat Aircraft. Leisure Books, London. (1976)
  • Mason, O. Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain. John Bartholomew & Son, Ltd., Edinburgh. (1977)
  • Official Royal Air Force web site Squadron entry
  • Unofficial Royal Air Force History web site Squadron entry.

Footnotes

  1. ^ Churchill, p. 579
  2. ^ RAF and French Air Force web sites
  3. ^ unofficial RAF and French Air Force sites
  4. ^ RAF unofficial site
  5. ^ RAF & French Air Force sites
  6. ^ For rank equivalence, see Comparative military ranks of World War II
  7. ^ French Air Force site
  8. ^ French Air Force site
  9. ^ French Air Force site
  10. ^ The RAF unofficial site says Turnhouse and Skeabrae but the WorldHeritage list of RAF stations mentions no Skeabrae, whether separately or combined with Turnhouse. Similarly, the Bartholomew Gazetteer lists no Skeabrae.
  11. ^ French Air Force site
  12. ^ RAF unofficial site
  13. ^ French Air Force web site
  14. ^ This information is from the unofficial RAF History site. According to the French Air Force site, the Mk. VBs were Mk.VAs.
  15. ^ Armament details from Gunston, pp. 206 to 208.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.