World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

No. 43 Squadron RAAF

Article Id: WHEBN0004199352
Reproduction Date:

Title: No. 43 Squadron RAAF  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: No. 42 Squadron RAAF, 43 Squadron, RAAF Base Rathmines, RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift, RAAF squadrons
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

No. 43 Squadron RAAF

No. 43 Squadron RAAF
A No. 43 Squadron Catalina
Active 1 May 1943 – 11 March 1946
Country Australia
Branch Royal Australian Air Force
Role Maritime patrol
Engagements World War II
Aircraft flown
Patrol Consolidated PBY Catalina

No. 43 Squadron was a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) maritime patrol and mine-laying squadron that operated during World War II. Raised in early 1943, the squadron flew Catalina aircraft from bases in Queensland and the Northern Territory, flying mine-laying, convoy-protection and bombing sorties against Japanese targets in the Pacific theatre. These operations saw it operate as far north as the Chinese coast. After the conclusion of hostilities, the squadron was disbanded in mid-1946.

History

No. 43 Squadron was formed at Bowen in Queensland on 1 May 1943, initially under the command of Flight Lieutenant I.L. Addison.[1] It subsequently moved to Karumba in August.[2] The squadron's first commanding officer was Squadron Leader Charles Thompson, who took over soon after.[3] Equipped with Catalina aircraft, the squadron flew its first operational patrols on 8 September, with four aircraft conducting strikes against targets in Ambon.[2]

The squadron was initially allocated a general reconnaissance role; however, like all the RAAF's Catalina units the squadron also operated in mine-laying, bombing and supply-dropping roles.[2] As well as flying convoy protection and anti-submarine patrols along the Australian east coast the squadron conducted offensive operations against Japanese shipping in the Solomon Islands and the eastern islands of the Netherlands East Indies,[3] with a detachment maintained at Bowen during this time.[4]

After moving to Darwin in the Northern Territory in April 1944 the squadron became part of No. 76 Wing RAAF along with Nos. 20 and 42 Squadrons.[5] On 10 May 1944, Squadron Leader L.M. Hurt took over as commanding officer, but was soon replaced by Squadron Leader P.J. McMahon in July.[6] After this, they operated almost exclusively in the mine laying role. Operating alongside the other Catalina squadrons, No. 43 Squadron conducted mine laying operations throughout South East Asia, venturing as far as the Philippines, Hong Kong and the Chinese coast.[3][7] Aircraft from the squadron flew up to 25 hours on such missions, often staging through airfields as far away as Morotai.[4]

The squadron also undertook air-sea rescue operations, supporting long-range Allied bombing missions in the Netherlands East Indies from early 1944.[2][4] It also undertook harassing operations against Japanese installations and conducted anti-shipping missons.[4] A number of aircraft were lost during these and other operations. One of its most significant actions came on the night of 5/6 April 1945, when three No. 43 Squadron Catalinas shadowed the Japanese cruiser Isuzu, which was subsequently sunk by Allied bombers and submarines.[2] Hurt was replaced as commanding officer by Squadron Leader R.M. Seymour on 19 May 1945.[6]

Following the end of the war No. 43 Squadron performed routine patrol and transport flights until moving to RAAF Base Rathmines in November 1945.[3] On 31 January 1946, Squadron Leader A.R. Emslie was appointed commanding officer.[6] No. 43 Squadron was disbanded at Rathmines on 11 March 1946.[6]

References

Citations
  1. ^ RAAF Historical Section 1995, p. 80.
  2. ^ a b c d e Eather 1995, p. 80.
  3. ^ a b c d "No. 43 Squadron". RAAF Museum. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d RAAF Historical Section 1995, p. 81.
  5. ^ Odgers 1968, pp. 362–365.
  6. ^ a b c d RAAF Historical Section 1995, p. 82.
  7. ^ Odgers 1968, pp. 365–375.
Bibliography
  • Eather, Steve (1995). Flying Squadrons of the Australian Defence Force. Weston Creek, Australian Capital Territory: Aerospace Publications.  
  •  
  • RAAF Historical Section (1995). Units of the Royal Australian Air Force: A Concise History. Volume 4: Maritime and Transport Units. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.