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No. 691 Squadron RAF

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Title: No. 691 Squadron RAF  
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Subject: Airspeed Oxford, List of Supermarine Spitfire operators, No. 238 Squadron RAF, No. 334 Squadron RAF, No. 69 Squadron RAF
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No. 691 Squadron RAF

No. 691 Squadron RAF
Active 1 December 1943 – 11 February 1949
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Type Inactive
Role Anti-aircraft cooperation
Part of No. 70 Group RAF, Air Defense of Great Britain (1943–1944)[1]
No. 11 Group RAF, Fighter Command (1944–1949)[2]
Motto Latin: Volamus Ut Serviamus
(Translation: "We fly to serve")[3]
Squadron Badge In front of a sword and anchor in saltire, a popinjay[3]
Squadron Codes 5S (Dec 1943 – Feb 1949)[4][5]

No. 691 Squadron RAF was an Anti-aircraft cooperation squadron of the Royal Air Force from 1943 to 1949.


The squadron was formed on 1 December 1943 at RNAS Roborough from 1623 (anti-aircraft co-operation) Flight.[3][6][7] It was tasked with anti-aircraft co-operation duties in the Plymouth area operating a variety of aircraft in this role. Most of the work was to fly as training targets for Royal Navy ships. The squadron moved a number of times from the end of the war to RAF Exeter, RAF Weston Zoyland, RAF Fairwood Common, and finally to RAF Chivenor. Its existence ended there when it was renumbered to No. 17 Squadron RAF on 11 February 1949.[3][8]

Aircraft operated

A Miles Martinet. Aircraft as this were used as target tug by no. 691 squadron
Aircraft operated by no. 691 Squadron RAF, data from[3][8][9]
From To Aircraft Variant
December 1943 March 1945 Fairey Barracuda Mk.II
December 1943 April 1945 Boulton Paul Defiant Mks.I & II
December 1943 March 1944 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
December 1943 February 1949 Airspeed Oxford Mks. I & II
March 1944 April 1945 Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIc
April 1945 May 1947 Vultee Vengeance Mk.IV
July 1945 August 1945 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.Vb
August 1945 February 1949 Miles Martinet
August 1945 February 1949 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.XVI
November 1945 February 1949 North American Harvard Mk.IIb

Squadron bases

Air bases and airfields used by no. 691 Squadron RAF, data from[3][8][9]
From To Name Remark
1 December 1943 21 February 1945 RNAS Roborough, Devon Formed here
21 February 1945 1 August 1945 RAF Harrowbeer, Devon
1 August 1945 31 January 1946 RAF Exeter, Devon
31 January 1946 4 October 1946 County of Swansea), Wales
July 1946 4 October 1946 RAF Weston Zoyland, Somerset Detachment
4 October 1946 11 February 1949 RAF Chivenor, Devon Disbanded here

See also



  1. ^ Delve 1994, p. 72.
  2. ^ Delve 1994, p. 79.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Halley 1988, p. 457.
  4. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, pp. 95–96.
  5. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, pp. 57, 146 and 233.
  6. ^ Delve 1994, p. 159.
  7. ^ Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, p. 129.
  8. ^ a b c Jefford 2001, p. 105.
  9. ^ a b Rawlings 1982, p. 258.


  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–88. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Sturtivant, Ray, ISO and John Hamlin. RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.

External links

  • Nos. 671–1435 Squadron Histories on rafweb
  • Aircraft and markings of No. 691 Squadron
  • History of No. 691 Squadron
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