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North American YF-93

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North American YF-93

YF-93
The first YF-93A with NACA inlets
Role Fighter
Manufacturer North American Aviation
First flight 24 January 1950
Introduction Experimental
Retired 1956
Primary users United States Air Force
NACA
Number built 2
Unit cost
US$11.5 million for the program[1]
Developed from F-86 Sabre
Top view of the second YF-93

The North American YF-93 was an American fighter development of the F-86 Sabre that emerged as a radically different variant that received its own designation. Two were built and flown before the project was eventually canceled.

Design and development

In 1947, North American Aviation began a design study, NA-157, to create a true "penetration fighter" to meet the requirements of a long-range version of its F-86A Sabre. In order to accommodate more fuel, a much larger F-86A was envisioned, eventually able to carry 1,961 US gallons (7,420 l), both internally and with two 200-US-gallon (760 l) underwing drop tanks. The new variant possessed a theoretical unrefuelled range of over 2,000 nmi (2,300 mi; 3,700 km), twice that of the standard production F-86A. The resultant fighter originally designated the F-86C was intended to compete with the XF-88 Voodoo and Lockheed XF-90 to fulfill the USAF's Penetration Fighter requirement for a bomber escort.

The F-86C was much larger and heavier, weighing in at 10,640 lb (4,830 kg) more than its antecedent. The increased weight and girth necessitated a dual-wheel main landing gear, increased wing area and a more powerful engine, the Pratt & Whitney J48 rated at 6,250 lbf (27.8 kN) static thrust and 8,750 lbf (38.9 kN) thrust available in afterburner. With the SCR-720 search radar and six 20 mm (.79 in) cannon mounted in the nose where the air intake was on the F-86A, the engineers designed a novel set of flush-mounted NACA inlets. A "wasp waist" was also incorporated in the fuselage.

In December 1947, the Air Force ordered two prototype NA-157s and, considering the many changes to the F-86, redesignated it YF-93A. The first prototype was built with the NACA inlet ducts; the second aircraft had more conventional intakes. Six months later, the initial contract was followed up with an order for 118 F-93A-NAs. In 1949, the production order was abruptly canceled as priorities had shifted dramatically following the testing of the ground-breaking Boeing B-47 which reputedly would not need an escort due to its high speed capabilities. With the prototype YF-93As just coming off the production line, the USAF took over the project.

Operational history

The first YF-93 in flight

The prototypes, serial numbers 48-317 and -318, began flight tests in 1950 and were entered in a flyoff against the other penetration fighter projects, the XF-88 and XF-90; the XF-88 Voodoo was declared the winner. None of the projects would be ordered. The YF-93As were turned over to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) AMES facility for further testing before being utilized as chase aircraft until 1956. Flight with the NACA ducts proved troublesome at high angles of attack, restricting air flow to the engines. By this time, however, higher performance aircraft were available and both aircraft were eventually declared surplus and scrapped.

Operators

 United States

Variants

F-86C
Original designation for a re-engined variant of the F-86A, two built.
YF-93A
Two prototype F-86Cs redesignated,
F-93A
Production variant, order for 118 cancelled.

Specifications (YF-93A)

Cut-away illustration of the YF-93A.

General characteristics

Performance

Armament
  • 6 × 20 mm (.79 in) cannon (proposed, not fitted to the prototypes)

See also

Related development

References

Notes

  1. ^ Knaack, Marcelle Size. Encyclopedia of US Air Force aircraft and missile systems, Volume 1, Post-World War Two Fighters, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1978. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.

Bibliography

  • Davis, Larry. F-86 Sabre in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1992. ISBN 0-89747-282-9.
  • Pace, Steve. X-Fighters: USAF Experimental and Prototype Fighters, XP-59 to YF-23. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International, 1991. ISBN 0-87938-540-5.
  • Sgarlato, Nico and Franco Ragni. U.S. Fighters of the Fifties. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-89747-090-7.
  • Wagner, Ray. The North American Sabre. London: Macdonald, 1963. No ISBN.

External links

  • National Museum of the USAF: North American YF-93A Fact Sheet
  • The F-86C/YF-93 "Sabre"
  • North American F-86C/YF-93A
  • - a report on the YF-93 -AMERICAN NOTEBOOK - Derby Entrant Flight Archive, 18 May 1950
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