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Pantopon

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Pantopon

Pantopon is a preparation of opiates made up of all of the alkaloids present in opium in their natural proportions as hydrochloride salts. It can sometimes be tolerated by persons who are allergic to morphine.

Pantopon is, in other words, opium with all of the tar and other insolubles removed in an injectable form which is nearly as potent as morphine is, by weight. It was invented in 1909 by Hoffmann-La Roche pharmaceutical company. Other drugs of the same type have include opium alkaloid sulphates (Papaveretum), phosphates, and valerates.

Pantopon gave name to the poem "Pantopon Rose" by American writer William Burroughs [1] and to a song with the same name by Northern Ireland alternative metal band Therapy? (album "Troublegum", 1994). Also, it gave name to 1996 Mexican documentary "Rosa Pantopon".[2]

References

External links

  • Nicolai Schapiro "Ueber die Wirkung von Morphium, Opium und Pantopon auf die Bewegungen des Magen-Darm-Tractus des Menschen und des Tieres" Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology, 1913 - Springer
  • Otto Cohnheim, Gg. Modrakowski "Zur Wirkung von Morphium und Opiumpräparaten (Pantopon) auf den Verdauungskanal" Hoppe-Seyler´ s Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie. Volume 71, Issue 4, Pages 273–289, 1911 - degruyter.com
  • OW Barlow ""THE TRANQUILIZING POTENCY OF MORPHINE, PANTOPON, CODEINE, PAPAVERINE AND NARCOTINE: RESULTS OF TESTS ON THE RAT" Journal of the American Medical Association, 1932


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