World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Partito Popolare Italiano

Article Id: WHEBN0005366377
Reproduction Date:

Title: Partito Popolare Italiano  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Christian democracy, History of the Italian Republic, Caltagirone, Giuseppe Spataro, Kingdom of Italy, Giovanni Minzoni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Partito Popolare Italiano

For the party with the same name which was active from 1994 to 2002, see Italian People's Party (1994).
Italian Popular Party
Partito Popolare Italiano
Leader Don Luigi Sturzo, Alcide De Gasperi
Founded 18 January 1919
Dissolved 5 November 1926
Succeeded by Christian Democracy
Newspaper Il Popolo
Ideology Centrism
Christian democracy
Christian left (minority)
Conservatism (minority)
Politics of Italy
Political parties

The Italian People's Party (Partito Popolare Italiano, PPI) was a Christian-democratic[1] political party in Italy.

It was founded in 1919 by Luigi Sturzo, a Catholic priest. The PPI was backed by Pope Benedict XV to oppose the Italian Socialist Party (PSI). In the 1919 general election the party won 20.5% of the vote and 100 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, a result confirmed in 1921.

The PPI was the second largest Italian political party after the PSI at the time. Its heartlands were in interior Veneto and north-western Lombardy. In 1919 the party won 42.6% in Veneto (49.4% in Vicenza), 30.1% in Lombardy (64.3% in Bergamo), 24.4% in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 27.3% in the Marche and 26.2% in Lazio, while it was much weaker in Piedmont and in Southern Italy.[2]

The PPI was divided into two factions: the "Catholic Democrats" were favourable to an accord with the Socialists, while the "Moderate Clericalists" supported an alliance with the liberal parties, what eventually happened. The latter included Alcide De Gasperi. Some Populars took part in Benito Mussolini's first government in 1922, leading the party to a division between opponents of Mussolini and those who supported him. These eventually joined the National Fascist Party. Most of the PPI members later took part in Christian Democracy.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.