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Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district

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Title: Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district  
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Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district
Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Tim Murphy (RUpper St. Clair)
Distribution 84.05% urban, 15.95% rural
Population (2000) 646,374
Median income $44,938
Ethnicity 95.8% White, 2.0% Black, 1.3% Asian, 0.6% Hispanic, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+6[1]

Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district includes parts of Washington County, Allegheny and Westmoreland Counties. Republican Tim Murphy has represented the district since 2003.

The district is concentrated in the southern suburbs of Pittsburgh. It is predominantly white and affluent, although it contains a diverse range of suburbs. It is drawn in such a way that in some locations, neighborhoods and even streets are split between the 18th and the neighboring 12th and 14th districts. In parts of the eastern portion of the district, one side of the street is in the 12th while the other side is in the 18th. In the west, one side of the street is in the 14th while the other side is in the 18th.

Although there are 70,000 more Democrats in the district than Republicans, the district has trended increasingly Republican since the mid-1990s; most of the district's state legislators are Republicans. The western portion of the district contains some rural regions of Washington County, as well as the very wealthy suburbs located in the northern portion of this county, such as Peters Township. This portion of Washington County tends to be more Republican than the portion contained in the neighboring 12th District. Many of Allegheny County's southern suburbs of Pittsburgh are located in the district, which range from traditional wealth areas such as Mount Lebanon and Upper St. Clair, middle class communities such as Bethel Park, Brentwood & Scott Township, and working class labor towns such as Elizabeth.

The district also winds along the eastern suburbs at the edge of Allegheny County, including most of the large suburban commercial center of Monroeville, and in western Westmoreland County. Central Westmoreland County, including the recently Democratic city of Greensburg, is also part of the district. Greensburg has not voted Republican since 1995, according to the Election Bureau. It also contains the rural foothills areas of the county, which are located at the district's eastern end.

Contents

  • List of representatives 1
  • Historical district boundaries 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

List of representatives

Representatives Party Years Electoral history
Patrick Farrelly Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 15th district
Died
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
January 12, 1826
Vacant January 12, 1826 –
January 13, 1826
Thomas H. Sill Adams January 13, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Stephen Barlow Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Lost re-election
Thomas H. Sill Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Declined renomination
John Banks Anti-Masonic Party March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Redistricted to the 24th district
George Burd Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Redistricted from the 13th district
Job Mann Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Lost re-election
Charles Ogle Anti-Masonic Party March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Died
Whig March 4, 1841 –
May 10, 1841
Vacant May 10, 1841 –
June 28, 1841
Henry Black Whig June 28, 1841 –
November 28, 1841
Died
Vacant November 28, 1841 –
December 21, 1841
James M. Russell Whig December 21, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Declined renomination
Andrew Stewart Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Declined renomination
Andrew J. Ogle Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Lost re-election
John L. Dawson Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Redistricted to the 20th district
John McCulloch Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Declined renomination
John R. Edie Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Declined renomination
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Samuel S. Blair Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
Lost re-election
James T. Hale Independent Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Redistricted from the 15th district
Stephen F. Wilson Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
Appointed judge of the fourth judicial district of Pennsylvania
William H. Armstrong Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Lost re-election
Henry Sherwood Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1873
Lost re-election
Sobieski Ross Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1875
Redistricted to the 16th district
William Stenger Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Lost re-election
Horatio G. Fisher Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
Declined renomination
Louis E. Atkinson Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1893
Withdrew from election
Thaddeus M. Mahon Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
Redistricted to the 17th district
Marlin E. Olmsted Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted from the 14th district
Aaron S. Kreider Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1923
Lost re-election
Edward M. Beers Republican March 4, 1923 –
April 21, 1932
Died
Vacant April 11, 1932 –
November 8, 1932
Joseph F. Biddle Republican November 8, 1932 –
March 3, 1933
Declined renomination
Benjamin K. Focht Republican March 4, 1933 –
March 27, 1937
Died
Vacant March 27, 1937 –
May 11, 1937
Richard M. Simpson Republican May 11, 1937 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted to the 17th district
John C. Kunkel Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
Redistricted from the 19th district
Walter M. Mumma Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted to the 16th district
Richard M. Simpson Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 7, 1960
Redistricted from the 17th district
Died
Vacant January 7, 1960 –
April 26, 1960
Douglas H. Elliot Republican April 26, 1960 –
June 19, 1960
Died
Vacant June 19, 1960 –
November 8, 1960
J. Irving Whalley Republican November 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 12th district
Robert J. Corbett Republican January 3, 1963 –
April 25, 1971
Redistricted from the 29th district
Died
Vacant April 25, 1971 –
November 2, 1971
H. John Heinz III Republican November 2, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Doug Walgren Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1991
Lost re-election
Rick Santorum Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1995
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Michael F. Doyle Democratic January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
Redistricted to the 14th district
Tim Murphy Republican January 3, 2003 –
Present
First elected in 2002

Historical district boundaries

2005 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links

  • Congressional redistricting in Pennsylvania

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