World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Peter-Erich Cremer

Article Id: WHEBN0010981660
Reproduction Date:

Title: Peter-Erich Cremer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Friendly fire, German submarine U-333, Cremer, HMS Graph, Klaus Bargsten, Cliviger, Wolf pack Blücher, Hans Witt, Battle of Metz
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Peter-Erich Cremer

Peter-Erich Cremer
File:Peter-Erich Cremer.jpg
Nickname "Ali"
Born (1911-03-25)25 March 1911
Metz, Alsace-Lorraine
Died 5 July 1992(1992-07-05) (aged 81)
Hamburg, Germany
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1932–1945
Rank Korvettenkapitän
Unit cruiser Köln
Panzerschiff Deutschland
destroyer Theodor Riedel
Commands held U-152, 1941-1-29 – 1941-7-21
U-333, 1941-8-25 – 1942-10-6
U-333, 1943-5-18 – 1944-7-19
U-2519, 1944-11-15 – 1945
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Peter-Erich Cremer (25 March 1911 – 5 July 1992) was a German U-boat commander during the Second World War. He was half-English on his mother's side. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Biography

Peter-Erich Cremer, also known by the nickname "Ali Cremer", was born in Metz, Alsace-Lorraine, on 25 March 1911. After high school, Cremer enlisted in the German Navy (Reichsmarine) in 1932. After serving on cruisers and destroyers, Cremer became captain in February 1940. He received the Iron Cross 2nd class. On August 1940, Cremer was promoted to the rank of commander of submarine. After a perilous sea trip, his crew gave him the nickname "Ali". After this epic trip, "Ali" Cremer commanded the U-152. Then, Cremer commanded the U-333 from 25 August 1941 to 6 October 1942 and again from 18 May 1943, to 19 July 1944. On 31 January 1942 he mistakenly attacked and sunk the SS Spreewald. Subsequently he was court-martialed and found not guilty.

After several victorious trips, he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 5 June 1942. The same year, Cremer was severely wounded. He sailed again from 1943 until July 1944, before giving his boat to his lieutenant. On November 1944, Cremer, now Lieutenant Commander, aimed to convey the new submarine U-2519 Class XXI. Citing "several design flaws", Cremer scuttled the submarine at Kiel, on May 1945. As the War drew to a close, he was attached to the personal security unit of Karl Dönitz. In this role he was involved in the incident in which Kapitän zur See Wolfgang Lüth was shot to death by a German guard.

Peter-Erich Cremer recounted his life in his books "U-333: The story of a u-boat ace" and "U-Boat Commander: a periscope view of the Battle of the Atlantic.". He died at Hamburg on 5 July 1992.

Summary of career

Ships sunk and damaged

Template:GeoGroupTemplate Peter-Erich Cremer as commander of U-333 sank six merchant ships totalling 26,873 GRT, damaged another of 8,327 GRT, and also engaged and damaged the 925 GRT Flower class corvette HMS Crocus.

Date Ship Tons Nationality Convoy Fate and location
22 January 1942 Vassilios A. Polemis 3,429  Greece ON-53 32|N|52|38|W|type:event name=Vassilios A. Polemis (ship)

}}

24 January 1942 Ringstad 4,765  Norway ON-55 50|N|51|04|W|type:event name=Ringstad (ship)

}}

31 January 1942 Spreewald 5,083  Nazi Germany 12|N|24|50|W|type:event name=Spreewald (ship)

}}

6 May 1942 Amazone 1,294  Netherlands 21|N|80|04|W|type:event name=Amazone (ship)

}}

6 May 1942 Halsey 7,088  United States 14|N|80|03|W|type:event name=Halsey (ship)

}}

6 May 1942 Java Arrow 8,327  United States 35|N|80|08|W|type:event name=Java Arrow (ship)

}}

10 May 1942 Clan Skene 5,214  United Kingdom 43|N|70|43|W|type:event name=Clan Skene (ship)

}}

6 October 1942 HMS Crocus 925  United Kingdom 52|N|14|57|W|type:event name=HMS Crocus (ship)

}}

Awards

Wehrmachtbericht references

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
11 May 1942 Unterseeboote versenkten, wie durch Sondermeldung bekanntgegeben, in amerikanischen Gewässern, in der Karibischen See und im Golf von Mexiko 21 feindliche Handelsschiffe mit zusammen 118 000 BRT. Bei diesen Erfolgen hat sich das Unterseeboot des Kapitänleutnants Cremer, das trotz schwerer Beschädigungen vier große Schiffe mit 35 000 BRT versenkte, besonders ausgezeichnet.[4] Submarines sunk, as announced by special bulletin, in U.S. waters, in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico 21 enemy merchant ships for a total of 118 000 GRT. In these achievements, the submarine of Captain Lieutenant Cremer, despite heavy damage sank four large ships of 35 000 GRT, has especially distinguished itself.
25 April 1945 (Addendum) Ein von Korvettenkapitän Cremer geführter Panzervernichtungstrupp der Kriegsmarine, zusammengestellt aus Freiwilligen eines U-Boot-Stützpunktes, vernichtete innerhalb weniger Tage 24 Panzer.[5] A tank destruction unit of the navy under the command of Lieutenant Commander Cremer, composed of volunteers from a U-boat base, destroyed 24 tanks within a few days.

Dates of rank

  • Offiziersanwärter : 15 August 1932
  • Fähnrich zur See : 1 January 1934
  • Oberfähnrich zur See : 1 September 1935
  • Leutnant zur See : 1 January 1936
  • Oberleutnant zur See : 1 October 1937
  • Kapitänleutnant : 2 February 1940
  • Korvettenkapitän : 11 July 1944[6]

References

Citations
Bibliography
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.

External links

  • Template:DNB portal

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.