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President of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Title: President of Bosnia and Herzegovina  
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Subject: October 19, History of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Alija Izetbegović, Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, History of the Jews in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia relations
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President of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine
Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине
Presidential Standard
Presidency Building, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Appointer Popularly Elected
Term length 1 year
Inaugural holder Alija Izetbegović
Formation 5 October 1996

The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


According to the Article V of the Constitution, the Presidency consists of three members: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation and one Serb elected from the Republika Srpska. Together, they serve one four-year term.

The member with the most votes becomes the chairman unless he or she was the incumbent chairman at the time of the election, but the chairmanship rotates every eight months, to ensure equality.

The Presidency is responsible for:

  • Conducting the foreign policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Appointing ambassadors and other international representatives, no more than two thirds of which may come from the Federation;
  • Representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in European and international organizations and institutions and seeking membership in such organizations and institutions of which it is not a member;
  • Negotiating, denouncing, and, with the consent of the Parliamentary Assembly, ratifying treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Executing decisions of the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Proposing, upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers, an annual budget to the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Reporting as requested, but no less than annually, to the Parliamentary Assembly on expenditures by the Presidency;
  • Coordinating as necessary with international and nongovernmental organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and;
  • Performing such other functions as may be necessary to carry out its duties, as may be assigned to it by the Parliamentary Assembly, or as may be agreed by the Entities.

Heads of State of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Vojislav Kecmanović (25 November 1943 - 26 April 1945)
  • Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
    • Vojislav Kecmanović (26 April 1945 - November 1946)
    • Đuro Pucar (November 1946 - September 1948)
    • Vlado Segrt (September 1948 - March 1953)
  • Presidents of the People's Assembly
  • Presidents of the Presidency
    • Ratomir Dugonjić (May 1974 - April 1978)
    • Raif Dizdarević (April 1978 - April 1982)
    • Branko Mikulić (April 1982 - 26 April 1984)
    • Milanko Renovica (26 April 1984 - 26 April 1985)
    • Munir Mesihović (26 April 1985 - April 1987)
    • Mato Andrić (April 1987 - April 1988)
    • Nikola Filipović (April 1988 - April 1989)
    • Obrad Piljak (April 1989 - 20 December 1990)

Presidency of the early Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

When the country declared independence in 1992, the Presidency consisted of:

Over the course of the Bosnian war, the Presidency underwent several changes: the Serb members Plavšić and Koljević, as well as the Croat member Boras, left the Presidency early on and were replaced by Nenad Kecmanović, Mirko Pejanović and Ivo Komšić, respectively. Kecmanović soon also left, and was replaced by Tatjana Ljujić-Mijatović. After a while, Abdić was replaced with Nijaz Duraković.

Presidency elected in 1996

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 1998

Elected members:

Živko Radišić with 52% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first 8 months; Ante Jelavić with 52% of the Croat vote followed Radišić in the rotation; Alija Izetbegović with 87% of the Bosniak vote won the highest number of votes in the election but was ineligible to serve a second term until Radišić and Jelavić had each served a first term as Chairman of the Presidency. Ante Jelavić was replaced by Jozo Križanović for the remainder of his term based on a decision issued by Wolfgang Petritsch, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Presidency elected in 2002

Election held 5 October 2002.

Elected members:

Mirko Šarović with 35.5% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first eight months; Dragan Čović received 61.5% of the Croat vote; Sulejman Tihić received 37% of the Bosniak vote.

Mirko Šarović resigned in 2003 due to his implication in the scandal regarding the selling of arms to Iraq. The Parliament replaced him with Borislav Paravac.

Dragan Čović was dismissed by the High Representative Paddy Ashdown, after Čović was indicted for financial corruption; however, the trial hasn't taken place yet. The Parliament replaced him with Ivo Miro Jović.

e • d Summary of the 5 October 2002 Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidium election results
Candidates - Nominating parties % Bosniaks % Serbs % Croats
Sulejman Tihić - Party of Democratic Action 37.3
Haris Silajdžić - Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 34.8
Alija Behmen - Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.5
Fikret Abdić - Democratic People's Community 4.1
Faruk Balijagić - Bosnian Party 1.9
Emir Zlatar - Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party 1.3
Rasim Kadić - Liberal Democratic Party 1.0
Mirko Šarović - Serbian Democratic Party 35.5
Nebojsa Radmanović - Party of Independent Social Democrats 19.9
Ognjen Tadić - Serbian Radical Party of the Republika Srpska 8.7
Desnica Radivojević - Party of Democratic Action 8.2
Branko Dokić - Party of Democratic Progress 8.1
Mirko Banjaé - League of People's Rebirth 4.6
Mladen Grahovac - Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.5
Dargutin Ilić - Socialist Party of the Republika Srpska 3.7
Milorad Cokić - Democratic People's Alliance 3.2
Svetozar Radivojević - Serbian People's Alliance of the Republika Srpska 1.0
Dragan Čović - Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina 61.5
Mladen Ivanković-Lijanović - Economic Bloc 17.4
Mijo Anić - New Croatian Initiative 8.8
Stjepan Kljuić - Republican Party of Bosnia 5.1
Željko Koroman - Croatian Right Bloc 2.8
Žarko Mišić - Croatian Christian Democratic Union 2.8
Marinko Brkić 1.2
Total (turnout 53.9 %) 100.0 100.0 100.0

Presidency elected in 2006

Election held 1 October 2006.

Elected members:

e • d Summary of the 1 October 2006 Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidium election results
Candidates Nominating parties Bosniaks Serbs Croats
Haris Silajdžić SBiH 288,321 (62%)
Sulejman Tihić SDA 130,470 (28%)
Mirnes Ajanović Patriotski Blok BOSS-SDU BiH 38,412 (8%)
Nebojša Radmanović SNSD 216,631 (55%)
Mladen Bosić SDS 98,329 (25%)
Ranko Bakić 13,198 (3%)
Željko Komšić SDP 97,267 (41%)
Ivo Miro Jović HDZ BiH 59,831 (25%)
Božo Ljubić (HDZ 1990) 42,424 (18%)
Mladen Ivanković Lijanović 20,954 (9%)
Total 457,203 328,158 220,446

Presidency elected in 2010

Election held 3 October 2010.

Elected members:

e • d Summary of the 3 October 2010 Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidium election results
Candidates Nominating parties Federation of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republika Srpska
Votes Bosniak
list %
list %
Votes Serb
list %
Željko Komšić (Croat) SDP BiH 336,961 60.6%
Borjana Krišto (Croat) HDZ BiH 109,714 19.7%
Martin Raguž (Croat) Croatian Coalition (HDZ 1990, HSP BiH) 60,234 10.8%
Jerko Ivanković-Lijanović (Croat) NSRB 45,382 8.2%
Pero Galić (Croat) 1,579 0.3%
Mile Kutle (Croat) 1,069 0.2%
Ferdo Galić (Croat) 972 0.2%
Bakir Izetbegović (Bosniak) SDA 162,797 34.9%
Fahrudin Radončić (Bosniak) SBB BiH 142,359 30.5%
Haris Silajdžić (Bosniak) SBiH 117,168 25.1% :
Ibrahim Đedović (Bosniak) DNZ BiH 13,366 2.9%
Mujo Demirović (Bosniak) BPS 8,946 1.9%
Ðemal Latić (Bosniak) A-SDA 8,738 1.9%
Ibrahim Spahić (Bosniak) GDS 6,947 1.5%
Izudin Kešetović (Bosniak) BOSS 4,227 0.9%
Aida Jusić (Bosniak) 2,347 0.5%
Nebojša Radmanović (Serb) SNSD 295,624 48.9%
Mladen Ivanić (Serb) Coalition Together for Srpska 285,927 47.3%
Rajko Papović (Serb) Union for a Democratic Srpska/SDS 22,778 3.8%
Total 1,022,806 604,329

See also

External links

  • Website of the Presidency
  • Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • ISN Security Watch, 21 December 2006

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