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Prince George's County, Maryland

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Prince George's County, Maryland

Prince George's County, Maryland
The P.G. County courthouse in 2008, the P.G. Plaza in 2004, Laurel's Patuxent Square in 2013, Andrews AFB in 2008, downtown Adelphi in 2008.

Flag

Seal
Motto: "Semper Eadem"
(English: "Ever the Same")

Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1696
Named for Prince George of Denmark
Seat Upper Marlboro
Largest city Bowie
Area
 • Total 499 sq mi (1,292 km2)
 • Land 483 sq mi (1,251 km2)
 • Water 16 sq mi (41 km2), 3.2%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 890,081
 • Density 1,789/sq mi (691/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .gov.princegeorgescountymdwww

Prince George’s County is a county in the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 863,420,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Maryland. Its county seat is Upper Marlboro.[2]

Prince George’s County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is home to Joint Base Andrews.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
    • Regions 3.1
      • North County 3.1.1
      • Central County 3.1.2
      • Rural Tier 3.1.3
      • Inner Beltway 3.1.4
      • South County 3.1.5
    • Adjacent counties 3.2
    • National protected areas 3.3
  • Government 4
    • County executive 4.1
    • Other officials 4.2
    • Emergency services 4.3
      • Law enforcement 4.3.1
      • Emergency services 4.3.2
  • Demographics 5
    • 2010 5.1
    • 2000 5.2
    • Education 5.3
    • Religion 5.4
  • Economy 6
    • Top employers 6.1
  • Crime 7
  • Education 8
    • Colleges and universities 8.1
    • Public schools 8.2
  • Transportation 9
    • Major highways 9.1
  • Enterprises and recreation 10
    • Media 10.1
    • Recreation 10.2
  • Communities 11
    • Cities 11.1
    • Towns 11.2
    • Census-designated places 11.3
    • Unincorporated communities 11.4
  • Sister cities 12
  • Notable people 13
  • Namesakes 14
  • See also 15
  • References 16
  • External links 17

Etymology

Prince George’s County is named after

A marked Maryland-National Capital Park Police. Besides the county-level services, all but one of the 27 local municipalities maintain police departments that share jurisdiction with the county police services. Furthermore, the Maryland State Police enforces the law on state highways which pass through the county and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Police patrol the state parks and navigable waterways located within the county.

Along with the state and local law enforcement agencies, the federal government also maintains several departments that service citizens of the county such as the US Park Police, US Postal Police, Andrews Air Force Base Security Police, and other federal police located on various federal property located within the county.

College Park.

As of 2006, the county reportedly contains the highest crime rate for the Washington Metro area, comparable to Baltimore.[24][25]

Emergency services

Prince George's County hospitals include Bowie Health Center, Doctors Community Hospital in Lanham, Gladys Spellman Specialty Hospital & Nursing Center in Cheverly, Hospice of the Chesapeake in Landover, Laurel Regional Hospital in Laurel, Prince George's Hospital Center in Cheverly, Southern Maryland Hospital Center in Clinton, and Fort Washington Medical Center.

Engine 553 in the foreground, Ladder 55 in the background

The Prince George's County Volunteer Firemen's Association was formed in 1922 with several of the first companies organized in the county. The first members of the association were Hyattsville, Cottage City, Mount Rainier, and Brentwood.

In March 1966, the Prince George's County Government employed the firefighters who had been hired by individual volunteer stations and an organized career department was begun. The career firefighters and paramedics are represented by IAFF 1619.

Prince George's County became the first jurisdiction in Maryland to implement the 9-1-1 Emergency Reporting System in 1973. Advanced life support services began for citizens of the county in 1977. Firefighters were certified as Cardiac Rescue Technicians and deployed in what was called at the time Mobile Intensive Care Units to fire stations in Brentwood, Silver Hill, and Laurel.

As of 2007, the

  • ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  • ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  • ^ Parker, Lonnae O'Neal; Wiggins, Ovetta (May 7, 2006). P.G.': Insult or Abbreviation?"'". Washington Post. p. C05. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  • ^ "Dinosaur Park Officially Dedicated and Opened To the Public". pgparks.com. Prince George's County Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  • ^ Roylance, Frank D. (October 29, 2009). "Where dinosaurs once walked". baltimoresun.com. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  • ^ "Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1696/7:1698, Volume 23, Page 23".  
  • ^ "Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1696/7:1698, Volume 23, Page 23".  
  • ^ "Fight to Freedom: Slavery and the Underground Railroad in Maryland from the Maryland State Archives". 
  • ^ Records & Recollections – Early Black History in Prince George's County, Maryland by Bianca P. Floyd, M-NCPPC ©1989
  • ^ PRINCE GEORGE'S COUNTY HITTING 300 Washington Post – Friday, April 19, 1996 Author: Larry Fox
  • ^ "Substantial Changes to Counties and County Equivalent Entities: 1970–Present". Census Bureau. Retrieved 8 August 2009. 
  • ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  • ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  • ^ Bloch, Matthew; Carter, Shan; McLean, Alan (2010-12-13). "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". New York Times. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  • ^ Michael F., Dwyer (1974). "Maryland Historic Trust Inventory Form For State Historic Sites Survey PG:71B-8".  
  • ^ Baltz, Shirley Vlasak (1984). A Chronicle of Belair. Bowie, Maryland: Bowie Heritage Committee. pp. 84–88.  
  • ^ "Bowie city, Maryland – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ "Submittal to the Maryland Department of Planning Regarding Conformance with SB 236". Prince George's County, Maryland. January 22, 2013. p. 7. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  • ^ "Prince George's County Planning". Coalition for Smart Growth. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  • ^ Downs, Kat; Keating, Dan; Vaughn Kelso, Nathaniel. "Segregation Receding". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  • ^ Tuss, Adam (2 April 2008). "Tourists Get Best of Both Worlds on New Ferry". WTOP. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  • ^ "Maryland Circuit Courts – Origin & Functions". Msa.md.gov. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ "Fitch Assigns 'AAA' Bond Rating to Prince George's County". Prince George's County, Maryland Homepage. August 26, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  • ^ "Baltimore, Prince George's Reign as State's Murder Capitals". Southern Maryland Online. April 24, 2007. 
  • ^ "Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) data: 1985–2006". Governor's Office of Crime Prevention & Control. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  • ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  • ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  • ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  • ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  • ^ Howell, Tom Jr. (2006-04-18). , Census: Md. Economy Supports Black-Owned Businesses"Maryland Newsline"Census 2000 Special Report. . University of Maryland. Philip Merrill College of Journalism. 
  • ^ Chappell, Kevin (November 2006). "America's Wealthiest Black County".  
  • ^ "Prince George's County, Maryland – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ "2010 Demographic Profile Data – Prince George's County, Maryland". factfinder2.census.gov. 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  • ^ a b c d QT-P10|Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010 (2010 Census SF1 (Prince George's County, Maryland))
  • ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Prince George's County, Maryland – Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2006–2008". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ "Prince George's County QuickFacts from US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Prince George's County, Maryland – Selected Economic Characteristics: 2006–2008". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ "2010 Census report on race and ethnicity in Prince George's County, Maryland". Factfinder2.census.gov. 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ The Partnership for Prince George's. "The Partnership for Prince George's About Us". Retrieved 2012-09-16. 
  • ^ Harris, Sudarsan; Harris, Hamil R. (March 14, 2005). "Tax Exempt and Growing, Churches Worry Pr. George's". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-26. 
  • ^ "CAR 2011" (PDF). Prince George's County: Office of Finance of Prince George's County. June 2011. p. 22. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  • ^ Virtually Everything, Inc. (2007-04-24). "Baltimore, Prince George's Reign as State's Murder Capitals – Southern Maryland Headline News". Somd.com. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ [1]
  • ^ "Crime in Prince George's is at lowest level since 1975, police say". Gazette.net. 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ "december08ucr_county.xls" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  • ^ [2]
  • ^ Zapotosky, Matt (January 12, 2011). "More slayings in Pr. George's, and police feel the heat". Washington Post. 
  • ^ Zapotosky, Matt (2013-02-22). "Spasm of violence leaves four people dead in Pr. George's; students among the victims". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 20, 2013. 
  • ^ Bell, Brad (2014-01-02). "Prince George's County violent crime drops for 3rd straight year Read more: http://www.wjla.com/articles/eng/2014/01/prince-george-s-county-violent-crime-drops-for-3rd-straight-year-98790.html#ixzz2uqxTbPif". WJLA-TV. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  • ^ "Contact/Visit Us." University System of Maryland. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "3300 Metzerott Road Adelphi, MD 20783" – See also Directions to USM Office
  • ^ Melissa J. Brachfeld (2007-12-19). "Preliminary work on ICC gets under way". The Gazette. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  • ^ Mondo Times. Mondo Code LLC. http://www.mondotimes.com/1/world/us/20/1155/2760 . 
  • ^ Palmer, Chris (December 17, 2008). "What's the hoops hotbed of the US right now? Chicago? No. LA? Nope. NYC? Sorry. Welcome to Prince George's County, MD". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  • ^ Montgomery, David (November 8, 1995). "In a Montgomery State of Mind, Takoma Park Votes to Unify". Washington Post. 
  • ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

See also

Namesakes

Notable people

Prince George's County has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Sister cities

Unincorporated communities

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the census-designated places in the county:

Census-designated places

Part of the city of New Hampshire Gardens.

Towns

Cities

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Communities

Although Prince George’s County is not often credited for the [53] A number of basketball prospects, including Ty Lawson, Kevin Durant, Jeff Green, Roy Hibbert and Michael Beasley from AAU basketball teams such as the PG Jaguars, DC Assault, and DC Blue Devils. Besides AAU, basketball has skyrocketed from local high schools such as DeMatha Catholic High School and Bishop McNamara High School, both of which have found some great success locally and nationally.

Painted Equestrian Center in Upper Marlboro, MD

Recreation

  • [52]

Media

Prince George’s County is home to the United States Department of Agriculture's Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, the United States Census Bureau, Andrews Air Force Base, the National Archives and Records Administration's College Park facility, the University of Maryland’s flagship College Park campus, Six Flags America and Six Flags Hurricane Harbor, FedEx Field (home of the Washington Redskins), and the National Harbor, which its developers, Peterson Companies and Gaylord Entertainment Company, bill as the largest single mixed-use project and combined convention center–hotel complex on the East Coast.

Enterprises and recreation

  • Interstate 95 enters the county at Laurel. It joins with Interstate 495 (Capital Beltway) in College Park where it continues and leaves at the Woodrow Wilson Bridge over the Potomac River.
  • Interstate 495 (Capital Beltway) enters the county near Adelphi, and joins Interstate 95 at the College Park Interchange here it continues and leaves at the Woodrow Wilson Bridge over the Potomac River.
  • U.S. 1 is a major north–south roadway running through the county, entering the county at Laurel and leaving at the state border with Washington, D.C. at Mount Rainier.
  • US 50 is a major limited-access highway that spans the county from east to west, entering at Cheverly and exiting at Bowie. This highway is also Interstate 595 from Interstate 495 eastward but there are no signs. However, the reconstruction of this highway was funded as an Interstate highway: 90% Federal funds and 10% Maryland funds.
  • US 301 also called Crain Highway, is a major divided roadway, entering with MD 5 near Brandywine, and continuing north where it merges with eastbound US 50 heading toward Annapolis and the Maryland eastern shore.
  • State Route 295 is the hidden designation for the portion of the Baltimore-Washington Parkway that runs north-south through the county. It runs from the intersection of Route 50 and MD 201 at the DC/MD line, and continues into Anne Arundel County to Baltimore.
  • also called Pennsylvania Avenue, runs from the Maryland-DC border eastward into Anne Arundel County and south in Calvert County.
  • also called Branch Avenue, runs from Maryland-DC border southeast through Charles County into St. Mary's County.
  • also called Central Avenue, runs from Capitol Heights eastward through the center of the county, through Bowie, and into Anne Arundel County.
  • also called Landover Road (north of 214) and Largo Road (south of 214), runs northward from the town of Upper Marlboro to Hyattsville.
  • also called Kenilworth Avenue, runs north from the Maryland-DC border in Cheverly. After the intersection with Cherrywood Lane in Greenbelt, the name changes to Edmonston Road, which continues north until it ends in Laurel.
  • Takoma Park to its end in Landover. In the town of Riverdale Park, it is called Riverdale Road.
  • also called Annapolis Road, runs laterally from Hyattsville to Route 3 in Bowie.

Major highways

Residents may use Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Arlington County, Virginia, Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport near Baltimore, and Dulles International Airport in Dulles, Virginia.

The College Park Airport (est. 1909) is the world’s oldest continuously operated airport, and has adjacent historical museum and an early aviation-themed restaurant.

The AMTRAK route between Baltimore Penn Station and Washington Union Station. It has three stops in the county: Bowie State, Seabrook, and New Carrollton.

Fifteen stations of the Green Line northward to Laurel and beyond.

The Montgomery Counties.

The county's schools are managed by the Capital Beltway. After a decades-long debate, construction began in late 2007 on an east-west toll freeway, the Intercounty Connector ("ICC"), which extends Interstate 370 in Montgomery County in order to connect I-270 with Interstate 95 and U.S. 1 in Laurel. The ICC was completed in 2012.

Public schools

The University of Maryland System headquarters are in the unincorporated area of Adelphi.[50]

Colleges and universities

Education

[49] However, as of the end of 2013, the County had experienced a record drop in crime, especially record lows in violent crimes.[48] Violence continued into 2013 initially.

Although crime had been declining, residents became alarmed when there were thirteen homicides during the first twelve days of 2011. This put added pressure on the police department to come up with a way to stop the violence.[47] By the end of January, the county experienced 16 homicides.

However, as of 2009, crime had generally declined in the county[44] and the number of homicides declined from 151 in 2005 to 99 in 2009.[45][46]

Prince George's County accounted for 20% of murders in the state of Maryland from 1985 to 2006.[42] A twenty-year crime index trends study, performed by Prince George's County Police Department Information Resource Management, showed the county had a 23.1% increase in total crime for the years of 2000 to 2004. Between the years of 1984 to 2004, Prince George's had a 62.8% increase in total crime.[43]

Winter snow falls in front of the main entrance to the Prince George's County courthouse at Upper Marlboro in January 2009.

Crime

# Employer # of Employees
1 University System of Maryland 16,014
2 Joint Base Andrews 8,057
3 Prince George's County 7,052
4 Internal Revenue Service 5,539
5 United States Census Bureau 4,287
6 Goddard Space Flight Center 3,171
7 Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center 1,850
8 National Maritime Intelligence Center 1,724
9 NOAA 1,350
The top public sector employers in the county are:
# Employer # of Employees
1 United Parcel Service 4,220
2 Giant 3,600
3 Verizon 2,738
4 Dimensions Healthcare System 2,500
5 Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center 2,000
6 Shoppers Food & Pharmacy 1,975
7 Safeway 1,605
8 Capital One Bank 1,456
9 Target 1,400
10 Doctor's Community Hospital 1,300
10 Southern Maryland Hospital Center 1,300

According to the County's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[41] the top private sector employers in the county are:

Top employers

Economy

The county is home to more than 800 churches, including 12 megachurches,[39] as well as a number of mosques, synagogues, and Hindu and Buddhist temples. Property belonging to religious entities makes up 3,450 acres (14.0 km2) of land in the county, or 1.8% of the total area of the county.[40]

Religion

30.1% of all residents over the age of 25 had graduated from college and obtained a bachelors degree (17.8%) or professional degree (12.2%).[35] 86.2% of all residents over the age of 25 were high school graduates or higher.

Education

As of the 2010 census the reported racial and ethnic composition of the county was 14.92% Non-Hispanic whites, 63.52% Non-Hispanic blacks, 0.49% Native Americans, 4.07% Asians, 0.06% Pacific Islanders, 0.25% Non-Hispanics reporting some other race, 2.05% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 14.94% Hispanic.[38]

The median income for a household in the county in 2008 was $71,696,[36] and the median income for a family was $81,908. The 2008 mean income for a family in the county was $94,360. As of 2000, males had a median income of $38,904 versus $35,718 for females. The 2008 per capita income for the county was $23,360. About 4.70% of families and 7.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. Prince George's County is the 70th most affluent county in the United States by median income for families and the most affluent county in the United States with an African-American majority. Almost 38.8% of all households in Prince George's County, earned over $100,000 in 2008.[37]

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.20 males.

By the 2008 estimates there were 298,439 households out of which 65.1% are family households and 34.9% were non-family households.[35] 36.4% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.00% were married couples living together, 19.60% had a female householder with no husband present. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 persons and the average family size was 3.25 persons.

The racial makeup of the county was as of 2000:

2000

  • 14.9% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
    (5.5% Salvadoran,[34] 2.8% Mexican,[34] 1.6% Guatemalan,[34] 0.7% Puerto Rican[34])

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:[33]

2010

Prince George's County is the wealthiest African American-majority county in the United States.[30][31] As of the estimated American Community Survey Census of 2008, there were 825,924 people, 298,439 households, and 198,047 families residing in the county.[32] The population density was 1,651/sq mi (638/km²). There were 308,929 housing units at an average density of 623/sq mi (241/km²).

Demographics

External links

  • Official website
  • Prince George's County Historical Society
  • The Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission
  • The Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission
  • The Dilemma of the Black Middle Class, includes analysis of the county.
  • The Barbershop, live Internet Wayback Machine (archived August 2, 2002)
  • Prince George's County at the Wayback Machine (archived June 3, 2002)
  • Prince George's County at the Wayback Machine (archived March 2, 2001)
  • Prince George's County at the Wayback Machine (archived October 19, 2000)
  • Prince George's County at the Wayback Machine (archived December 28, 1996)

Law enforcement

Emergency services

  • County Council Chair: Mel Franklin
  • State's Attorney: Angela Alsobrooks
  • County Sheriff: Melvin C. High
  • County Fire Chief: Marc S. Bashoor
  • Chief of the County Police: Mark Magaw
  • PGCPS Chief Executive Officer: Dr. Kevin Maxwell

Other officials

Name Party Term
William W. Gullett Republican 1970–1974
Win Kelly Democratic 1974–1978
Lawrence Hogan Republican 1978–1982
Parris N. Glendening Democratic 1982–1994
Wayne K. Curry Democratic 1994–2002
Jack B. Johnson Democratic 2002–2010
Rushern L. Baker III Democratic 2010–

County executive

Standard & Poor's and Moody's. 'AAA' bond ratings are the highest possible bond ratings a jurisdiction can receive.[23]

[22] Prince George's County was granted a

Since 1792, the county seat has been Upper Marlboro. Prior to 1792, the county seat was located at Mount Calvert, a 76 acre (308,000 m²) estate along the Patuxent River on the edge of what is now in the unincorporated community of Croom.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2012 9.2% 35,734 90.0% 347,938
2008 10.4% 38,833 89.0% 332,396
2004 17.4% 55,532 81.8% 260,532
2000 18.4% 49,987 79.5% 216,119
1996 21.9% 52,697 73.5% 176,612
1992 24.5% 62,955 65.7% 168,691
1988 38.8% 86,545 60.0% 133,816
1984 41.0% 95,121 58.6% 136,063
1980 40.7% 78,977 50.9% 98,757
1976 42.0% 81,027 58.0% 111,743
1972 58.5% 116,166 40.3% 79,914
1968 41.2% 73,269 40.3% 71,524
1964 36.2% 46,413 63.8% 81,806
1960 42.0% 44,817 58.0% 62,013

Government

National protected areas

Prince George's and Montgomery Counties share a bi-county planning and parks agency in the M-NCPPC and a public bi-county water and sewer utility in the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission

Adjacent counties

South county is a blend of the greenery of the rural tier and the new development of central county. The communities of National Harbor project: a town center and riverside shopping and living development on the Potomac. The National Harbor has become a major tourist and convention attraction, with significant hotel accommodations, eateries and shopping. Ferry rides allow trips across the Potomac into Alexandria.[21] Several historic sites, including Mt. Vernon, can be viewed from the harbor front. River Road in Fort Washington also yields great views of the Potomac. Fort Washington Park was a major battery and gives access to the public for tours of the fort, scenic access to the river and other picnic grounds. Oxon Hill Manor offers a working farm and plantation mansion for touring; His Lordship's Kindness is another major historic home.

South County

The inner beltway communities of Capitol Heights, District Heights, Forestville, Suitland and Seat Pleasant border the neighboring District of Columbia's northeastern and southeastern quadrants. This region is the most densely populated area of the county, although many communities here saw a decrease in population from 2000 to 2010. A high percentage of its residents are African American.[20]

Inner Beltway

The rural tier has been the focus of orchestrated efforts by residents and county government to preserve its rural character and environmental integrity.[19] Under the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCPPC), Patuxent River Park is the largest natural preserve and provides public access for birdwatching and viewing the rural tier's natural waterfront vistas. In season, the park's Jug Bay Natural Area and the Patuxent Riverkeeper in Queen Anne both offer canoeing and kayaking rentals on the Patuxent. The county's largest collection of tobacco planter mansions and preserved homes are in the rural tier, some managed by the M-NCPPC. Many rural tier roads have scenic highway preservation status; a fall drive yields exceptional beauty along the Patuxent valley's Leeland Road, Croom Road, Clagett's Landing Rd., Mill Branch Rd., Queen Anne Rd., and Brandywine Rd. Walking access along roads in this area is very limited, because most property along the roads remains in private ownership. However, walking is much more accessible in the widespread M-NCPPC lands and trails and state holdings in the Patuxent valley, such as Merkle Wildlife Sanctuary and Rosaryville State Park, both popular among hikers and mountain bikers.

Prince George's rural tier was designated "in the 2002 General Plan as an area where residential growth would be minimal";[18] it may be found in the area well beyond the Beltway to the east and south of central county, bounded on the north by U.S. Route 50, the west by the communities Sasscer, King James and Queen Anne pepper the streets.

Rural Tier

, as well as planned parks, lakes and walking trails. Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Trail, Allen Pond, key segments of the Ogden Bowie Mansion Housing styles vary from the most contemporary to century old homes in Bowie's antique district (formerly known as Huntingtown), where the town of Bowie began as a haven for thoroughbred horse racing. Areas of geographic distinction include the [17]

Central County, located on the eastern outskirts of the Capital Beltway, consists of Mitchellville, Woodmore, Greater Upper Marlboro, Springdale, and Bowie. According to the 2010 census, it has generally been the fastest growing region of the county.[14] Mitchellville is named for a wealthy African American family, the Mitchells, who owned a large portion of land in this area of the county.[15] Central Avenue, a major exit off the I-95 beltway, running east to west, is one of two main roads in this portion of the county. The other major roadway is Old Crain Highway, which runs north to south along the eastern portion of the county. The Newton White Mansion on the grounds is a popular site for weddings and political events.

Central County

Northern Prince George's County includes Laurel, Beltsville, Adelphi, College Park and Greenbelt. This area of the county is anchored by the Capital Beltway and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway. Laurel is experiencing a population boom with the construction of the Inter-County Connector. The key employers in this region are the University of Maryland, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, and NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center. Areas of geographic distinction include Greenbelt Park, a wooded reserve adjacent to the planned environmental community of Greenbelt, and University Park, a collection of historic homes adjacent to the University of Maryland. Riversdale Mansion, along with the historic homes of Berwyn Heights, Mt. Rainier and Hyattsville are also located in this area. The hidden Lake Artemesia, a park constructed during the completion of the Washington Metro Green Line, incorporates a stocked fishing lake and serves as the trail-head for an extensive Anacostia Tributary Trails system that runs along the Anacostia River and its tributaries. The south and central tracts of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center also lie in this part of the county; the north tract lies north of the Patuxent River in Anne Arundel County.

North County

County terrain, culture and demographics differ significantly by location within the county. There are five key regions to Prince George's County: North County, Central County, the Rural Tier, the Inner Beltway, and South County.

The five regions of Prince George's County.
     = North County
     = Central County
     = Rural Tier
     = Inner Beltway
     = South County

Regions

The Patuxent River forms the county's eastern border with Howard, Anne Arundel, and Calvert counties.

Prince George's County lies in the Atlantic coastal plain, and its landscape is characterized by gently rolling hills and valleys. Along its western border with Montgomery County, Adelphi, Calverton and West Laurel rise into the piedmont, exceeding 300 feet (91 m) in elevation.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 499 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 483 square miles (1,250 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (3.2%) is water.[13]

Geography

On July 1, 1997, the Prince George's County section of the city of National Register of Historic Places.[12]

Since much of the southern part of the county was tobacco farms that were worked by slaves,[8] there was a high population of African Americans who unsuccessfully attempted to become part of Maryland politics in the late 19th century.[9] The population of African Americans declined during the first half of the 20th century, but was renewed to over 50% in the early 1990s when the county again became majority African American.[10] The first African American County Executive was Wayne K. Curry, elected in 1994.

In April 1865, Abraham Lincoln. He was on his way to Virginia.

During the War of 1812, the British marched through the county by way of Bladensburg to burn the White House. On their return, they kidnapped a prominent doctor, William Beanes. Lawyer, Francis Scott Key was asked to negotiate for his release, which resulted in his writing the Star Spangled Banner.

A portion was detached in 1748 to form District of Columbia, along with portions of Montgomery County, Maryland, as well as the parts of Northern Virginia; that were later returned to Virginia.

Prince George's County was created by the Council of Maryland in the Province of Maryland in 1696[6] from portions of Charles and Calvert counties. The county was divided into six districts referred to as "Hundreds": Mattapany, Petuxant, Collington, Mount Calvert, Piscattoway and New Scotland.[7]

In the mid to late Piscataway Indian Nation. Three branches of the tribe are still living today, two of which are headquartered in Prince Georges County.

The Cretaceous Era brought dinosaurs to the area which left a number of fossils, now preserved in a 7.5-acre (3.0 ha) park in Laurel.[4] The site, which among other finds has yielded fossilized teeth from Astrodon and Priconodon species, has been called the most prolific in the eastern United States.[5]

History

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