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Prosecutor General of Russia

 

Prosecutor General of Russia

Prosecuter General of the
Russian Federation
Генеральный Прокурор Российской Федерации
Incumbent
Yury Chaika

since 23 June 2006
Appointer nomination
Term length Five years,
Inaugural holder Valentin Stepankov
Formation 28 February 1991
Website (Russian) http://www.genproc.gov.ru

The Prosecutor General of Russia (also Attorney General of Russia, Russian: Генеральный Прокурор Российской Федерации) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known and heads the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации). The Prosecutor General remains the most powerful component of the Russian judicial system.[1]

Mission

The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with:

  1. prosecution in court on behalf of the State;
  2. representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in court in cases determined by law;
  3. supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pretrial investigation;
  4. supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases, and also in the application of other measures of coercion related to the restraint of personal liberty of citizens.

Appointment

The Prosecutor General is nominated to the office by the President of Russia and appointed by the majority of Federation Council of Russia (the Upper House of the Russian Parliament). If the nomination falls the President must nominate another candidate within the 30 days (article 12 of the Federal Law about the Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation[1]). The term of authority of the Prosecutor General is five years. The resignation of the Prosecutor General before the end of his term should be approved by both the majority of Federation Council of Russia and the President.

Constitutional Independence

The Prosecutor General and his office are independent from the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of government. The Investigative Committee of Russia, sometimes described as the "Russian FBI", is the main federal investigating authority in Russia, formed in place of the Investigative Committee of the

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