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Robert III of Artois

Robert III of Artois
Count of Beaumont-le-Roger
Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, Domfront and Mehun-sur-Yèvre
Statue of Robert d'Artois in Versailles
Spouse(s) Joan of Valois, Countess of Beaumont
Noble family House of Artois
Father Philip of Artois
Mother Blanche of Brittany
Born 1287
Died 1342 (aged 54–55)

Robert III of Artois (1287–1342) was Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, of Domfront, and of Mehun-sur-Yèvre, and in 1310 he received as appanage the county of Beaumont-le-Roger in restitution for the county of Artois which he claimed.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Family 2
  • Genealogy 3
  • In fiction 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Life

Robert was the son of Philip of Artois, Lord of Conches-en-Ouche, and Blanche of Brittany, daughter of Duke John II, Duke of Brittany, both descended in male line from the Capetian dynasty.

He was only eleven when his father died on 11 September 1298 from wounds he received at the Battle of Furnes on 20 August 1297 against the Flemish people. The early death of his father was an indirect cause of the dispute over the succession to the County of Artois. After the death of his grandfather, Robert II, Count of Artois, in the Battle of Courtrai in 1302, the latter's daughter, Mahaut, inherited the County of Artois in accordance with custom. Because of his age, Robert III could not object to his aunt and assert the rights which he inherited from his father. He would do so later. The rancor and intrigues between Mahaut (sometimes called Mathilde) and Robert occurred within a period of strife between France and England, before the Hundred Years' War.

Around 1320 Robert married Joan of Valois, Countess of Beaumont, daughter of Charles of Valois and his second wife Catherine I of Courtenay. They had five known children:

  • John (1321–1387), Count of Eu
  • Joan (1323–1324)
  • James (c. 1325–1347)
  • Robert (c. 1326–1347)
  • Charles (1328–1385), Count of Pezenas

Robert played an important role in the succession of John II, Marquis of Namur. Philip requested that the Bishop of Liège attack Namur. Accordingly, Robert fled again to John III, Duke of Brabant, his nephew-in-law. Again, the influence of Philip stirred up a war against Brabant, and Robert was exiled again, this time to England. There he joined Edward III in 1334 or in December 1336, and urged Edward–whose wife Philippa of Hainault also descended from Charles of Valois–to start a war to reclaim the Kingdom of France and provided extensive information on the French court to the English king. This war of succession paved the way to the Hundred Years' War.

Robert followed Edward in his campaigns thereafter, including command of the Anglo-Flemish army at the Battle of Saint-Omer in 1340;[1] he ultimately succumbed to dysentery after being wounded in an assault on the city of Vannes in November 1342,[2] during the War of the Breton Succession. He was originally buried in the Blackfriars church, in London, though his grave is now in St. Paul's Cathedral.

Family

From his marriage to Joan of Valois, daughter of Charles of Valois and Catherine I of Courtenay, he had six children:

Genealogy

In fiction

Robert III of Artois is a major character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon in which many of these events are retold. He was played by Jean Piat in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Philippe Torreton in the 2005 adaptation.[3][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sumption, Jonathan (1990). The Hundred Years War: Trial by Battle 1.  
  2. ^ Sumption. The Hundred Years War. p. 404. 
  3. ^ (2005 miniseries)"Les Rois maudits"Official website: (in French). 2005. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  4. ^ : Casting de la saison 1"Les Rois maudits" (in French).  
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