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Robert Marshak

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Robert Marshak

Robert Eugene Marshak (October 11, 1916 – December 23, 1992) was an American physicist dedicated to learning, research, and education.


Marshak was born in the Bronx, New York City. His parents, Harry and Rose Marshak, were immigrants from Minsk. He went to the City College of New York for one semester and then "received a Pulitzer Scholarship which provided full tuition and a stipend which allowed him to continue his education at Columbia University."[1]

In 1939, Marshak received his Ph.D. from Cornell University. Along with his thesis advisor, Hans Bethe, he discovered many of the fusion aspects involved in star formation. This helped him on his work for the Manhattan Project, in Los Alamos, during World War II.

In 1947, at the Shelter Island Conference, Marshak presented his two-meson hypothesis about the pi-meson, which were discovered shortly thereafter.[2]

In 1957, he and

From 1956 to 1970, he was chairman of the University of Rochester Department of Physics.

From 1970 to 1979, he was president of the City College of New York.[3]

Marshak died by accidental drowning in Cancún, Mexico.

In addition to Sudarshan, his doctoral students include Rabindra Mohapatra and Tullio Regge.


  1. ^ Collections, Special. "Robert E. Marshak: A Brief Biography". Virginia Tech. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Mehra, Jagdish (1994). The Beat of a Different Drum: The life and science of Richard Feynman. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. pp. 245–249.  
  3. ^ Daniels, Lee A. (25 December 1992). "Robert E. Marshak, 76, Ex-Head of City College". NY Times. 

External links

  • Biography at the Virginia Tech Digital Library and Archives (accessed 5 November 2007).
  • Biographical Memoir at the National Academy of Scientists (accessed 5 November 2007).
  • Robert Eugene Marshak at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
Academic offices
Preceded by
Buell G. Gallagher
President of City College of New York
1970 – 1979
Succeeded by
Bernard W. Harleston

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