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Saint-Martin

"Saint-Martin" redirects here. For other uses, see Saint Martin (disambiguation).
Collectivity of Saint Martin
Coat of arms of the Collectivity of Saint Martin
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: La Marseillaise
National song: O Sweet Saint Martin's Land
Leeward Islands.
Capital
and largest city
Marigot
Official languages French
English
Ethnic groups ([1])
Government Dependent territory
 -  President of France François Hollande
 -  Prefect Jacques Simonnet
 -  President of the
Territorial Council
Alain Richardson (RRR)
Overseas collectivity of France
 -  Divided between France and Netherlands 23 March 1648 
 -  Separate collectivity 15 July 2007 
Area
 -  Total 54.3 km2 (unranked)
21.0 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  1 Jan 2009 census 36,824[2]
 -  Density 678/km2 (unranked)
1,755/sq mi
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone (UTC-4)
Calling code +590c
ISO 3166 code MF
Internet TLD
a. French East Asians.
b. Assigned but not in use.
c. Shared with Guadeloupe and Saint Barthélemy.

Saint Martin (French: Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (French: Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France located in the Caribbean. It came into being on 15 July 2007,[note 1] encompassing the northern parts of Saint Martin island and neighbouring islets, the largest of which is Île Tintamarre. The southern part of the island, Sint Maarten, is one of the four constituent countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Its capital is Marigot. Its population is 37,000 on 54 km2.

It is separated from the British Overseas Territory of Anguilla by the Anguilla Channel.

Politics and government

Saint Martin was for many years a French commune forming part of Guadeloupe, which is an overseas région and département of France and is therefore in the European Union. In 2003 the population of the French part of the island voted in favour of secession from Guadeloupe in order to form a separate overseas collectivity (COM) of France.[3] On 9 February 2007, the French Parliament passed a bill granting COM status to both the French part of Saint Martin and (separately) the neighbouring Saint Barthélemy.[4] The new status took effect once the local assembly was elected on 15 February 2007.[5] Saint Martin remains part of the European Union.[6]

The new governance structure befitting an overseas collectivity took effect on 15 July 2007 with the first session of the Territorial Council (French: Conseil territorial) and the election of Louis-Constant Fleming as president of the Territorial Council. On 25 July 2008 Fleming resigned after being sanctioned by the Conseil d'État for one year over problems with his 2007 election campaign.[7] On 7 August, Frantz Gumbs was elected as President of the Territorial Council.[8] However, his election was declared invalid on 10 April 2009 and Daniel Gibbs appointed as Acting President of the Territorial Council on 14 April 2009.[9] Gumbs was reelected on 5 May 2009.[10]

Before 2007, Saint Martin was coded as GP (Guadeloupe) in ISO 3166-1. In October 2007, it received the ISO 3166-1 code MF (alpha-2 code), MAF (alpha-3 code), and 663 (numeric code).[11]


e • d Summary of the 1 July and 8 July 2007 Saint Martin Territorial Council election results
Parties 1st round 2nd round Seats
Votes % Votes %
Union for Progress/UMP (Union pour le Progrès, Louis Constant-Fleming) 2,829 40.35 3,753 48.96 16
Rally Responsibility Success (Rassemblement responsabilité réussite, Alain Richardson) 2,237 31.90 3,231 42.15 6
Succeed Saint Martin (Réussir Saint-Martin, Jean-Luc Hamlet) 767 10.94 681 8.89 1
Alliance (Alliance, Dominique Riboud) 635 9.05
Democratic Alliance for Saint Martin (Alliance démocratique pour Saint-Martin, Wendel Cocks) 544 7.76
Total 7,012 100.00 7,665 100.00 23
Source: RFO2

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the French overseas collectivity Saint-Martin features a ship, a palm and a sun, and reads "Collectivité de Saint Martin".[12] The comune that existed until 22 February 2007, used similar arms but with the legend "Ville de Saint Martin".[13][14]

Demographics

The French part of the island has a land area of 54.3 square kilometres (21.0 sq mi). A local English-based dialect is spoken in informal situations on both the French and Dutch sides of the island.[15] At the January 2009 French census, the population in the French part of the island was 36,824[2] (up from only 8,072 inhabitants at the 1982 census), which means a population density of 678 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,760 /sq mi) in 2009.

Historical population
1885 1961 1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009
3,400 4,502 5,061 6,191 8,072 28,518 29,078 35,263 36,824
Official figures from French censuses.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Saint Martin


The official currency of Saint Martin is the euro, though the US dollar is also widely accepted. Tourism is the main economic activity.

INSEE estimated that the total GDP of Saint Martin amounted to 421 million euros in 1999 (US$449 million at 1999 exchanges rates; US$599 million at Oct. 2007 exchange rates).[16] In that same year the GDP per capita of Saint Martin was 14,500 euros (US$15,500 at 1999 exchanges rates; US$20,600 at Oct. 2007 exchange rates), which was 39% lower than the average GDP per capita of metropolitan France in 1999.[16] In comparison, the GDP per capita on the Dutch side of the island, Sint Maarten, was 14,430 euros in 2004.[17]

Maps


Notes

See also

Guadeloupe portal
Caribbean portal
North America portal
Geography portal

References

External links

  • (French) Official website of the Collectivity of Saint Martin
  • Official website of the Tourist Office of Saint Martin
  • Atlas of Saint Martin (France)
  • The World Factbook

Coordinates: 18°4′31″N 63°3′36″W / 18.07528°N 63.06000°W / 18.07528; -63.06000

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