World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sam Wanamaker

Article Id: WHEBN0000225866
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sam Wanamaker  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Baby Boom (film), Berrenger's, The Criminal, Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, Holocaust (miniseries)
Collection: 1919 Births, 1993 Deaths, 20Th-Century American Male Actors, American Expatriates in the United Kingdom, American Male Film Actors, American Male Radio Actors, American Male Stage Actors, American Military Personnel of World War II, American People of Ukrainian-Jewish Descent, American Theatre Directors, British People of Ukrainian-Jewish Descent, Burials at Southwark Cathedral, Cancer Deaths in England, Deaths from Prostate Cancer, Drake University Alumni, Hollywood Blacklist, Jewish American Male Actors, Jewish Socialists, Laurence Olivier Award Winners, Male Actors from Chicago, Illinois, Male Shakespearean Actors, Members of the Communist Party USA, United States Army Soldiers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Sam Wanamaker

Sam Wanamaker
Wanamaker in 1961
Born Samuel Watenmaker
(1919-06-14)June 14, 1919
Chicago, Illinois, US
Died December 18, 1993(1993-12-18) (aged 74)
London, England, UK
Occupation Actor and director
Years active 1948–1993
Spouse(s) Charlotte Holland
(m.1940–1993) (his death)
Children Abby Wanamaker
Jessica Wanamaker
Zoë Wanamaker

Samuel Wanamaker (born Samuel Watenmaker), CBE (June 14, 1919 – December 18, 1993) was an American film director and actor who moved to Britain after being put on the Hollywood blacklist in the early 1950s. He is credited as the person most responsible for the modern recreation of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London, where he is commemorated in the name of the Sam Wanamaker Playhouse, the site's second theatre. He is the father of the actress Zoë Wanamaker.

Contents

  • Early years 1
  • Career 2
    • Britain and America 2.1
    • London Globe Theatre Reconstruction 2.2
  • Communist party and HUAC blacklisting 3
  • Personal life 4
  • Filmography 5
    • Actor 5.1
    • Television 5.2
    • Director 5.3
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early years

Wanamaker was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Ukrainian Jewish immigrants from Nikolayev, tailor Maurice Wattenmacker (Manus Watmakher)[1] and Molly (Bobele). He was the younger of two brothers, the elder being William Wanamaker, long-term cardiologist at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. Wanamaker trained at the Goodman Theatre in Chicago and began working with summer stock theatre companies in Chicago and northern Wisconsin, where he helped build the stage of the Peninsula Players Theatre in 1937.

Career

Britain and America

Wanamaker began his acting career in traveling shows and later worked on Broadway. In 1957, he was appointed director of the New Shakespeare Theatre, in Liverpool. In 1959, he joined the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre company at Stratford-upon-Avon, playing Iago to Paul Robeson's Othello in Tony Richardson's production that year.[2] In the 1960s and 1970s, he produced or directed several works at venues including the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, and directed the Shakespeare Birthday Celebrations in 1974.

as Stanley Goldblum in The Billion Dollar Bubble (1976)

He worked both as a director and actor in both films and television, and his appearances included such movies as The Spiral Staircase (1974), Private Benjamin (1980), Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987), and Baby Boom (1987). He also directed stage productions, including the world premiere production of Michael Tippett's opera The Ice Break.[3] In 1980, he directed Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Aida" starring Luciano Pavarotti at San Francisco Opera (now broadcast version released as DVD). He was also featured as the widowed and very ruthless department store owner Simon Berrenger on the short-lived drama Berrenger's in 1985.

London Globe Theatre Reconstruction

Blue plaque to Wanamaker outside the Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

Wanamaker founded the Shakespeare Globe Trust to rebuild the Globe Theatre in London, and played a central role in realizing the project, eventually raising well over ten million dollars. According to the New York Times, it became Wanamaker's "Great Obsession" to realise an exact replica of William Shakespeare's Globe Theatre, eventually securing the financial support of philanthropist and fellow lover of Shakespeare, Samuel H. Scripps. Though, as in the late 16th and 17th centuries, the 20th century Royal family were more or less supportive, British officialdom was far less so: English Heritage, which controlled the site of the real Globe nearby, refused to allow the archaeology Wanamaker requested in order to ascertain its precise dimensions.[4][5]

According to Karl Meyer of The New York Times:

"The Shakespeare project helped Mr. Wanamaker keep his sanity and dignity intact. On his first visit to London in 1949, he had sought traces of the original theatre and was astonished to find only a blackened plaque on an unused brewery. He found this neglect inexplicable, and in 1970 launched the Shakespeare Globe Trust, later obtaining the building site and necessary permissions despite a hostile local council. He siphoned his earnings as actor and director into the project, undismayed by the scepticism of his British colleagues."[4]

On the south bank of the River Thames in London, near where the modern recreation of Shakespeare's Globe stands today, is a plaque that reads: "In Thanksgiving for Sam Wanamaker, Actor, Director, Producer, 1919–1993, whose vision rebuilt Shakespeare's Globe Theatre on Bankside in this parish".[4] There is a blue plaque on the river-side wall of the theatre,[6] and the site's Jacobean indoor theatre, opened in January 2014, is named the Sam Wanamaker Playhouse after him.[7]

For his work in reconstructing the Globe Theatre, Wanamaker, in July 1993, was made an honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). He was also honoured with the Benjamin Franklin Medal by the Royal Society of Arts in recognition of his contribution to theatre.

Also in tribute to Wanamaker's contribution, when multi-Tony Award-winning British actor Mark Rylance accepted his third Tony on stage in New York City during the televised ceremonies on June 8, 2014, he did so with a substantial note of thanks to this American savior of the Globe.

Communist party and HUAC blacklisting

In 1943, Wanamaker was part of the cast of the play Counterattack at the National Theatre, Washington, D.C.. During the play, he became enamored of the ideals of Communism and joined the American Communist Party. He attended Drake University prior to serving in the U.S. Army between 1943 and 1946 during the Second World War. In 1947, he returned to civilian life and, before moving to Hollywood, quit the Communist Party.

In 1951, Wanamaker made a speech welcoming the return of two of the Hollywood Ten. In 1952, at the height of the McCarthy "Red Scare" period, despite his distinguished service in the Army during World War II, Wanamaker learned that he had become blacklisted while he was filming Mr. Denning Drives North in the UK. Wanamaker consequently decided not to return to the United States. Instead, he reestablished his career in Britain, as actor on stage and screen, director and producer.

The BBC documentary Who Do You Think You Are? broadcast on 24 February 2009, which featured Wanamaker's daughter Zoë, revealed that the FBI had kept a substantial investigation file for him, including incriminating witness statements, and that the House Un-American Activities Committee had intended to subpoena him as a witness. His activities were also reportedly monitored by MI5.[8]

Personal life

In 1940, he married Charlotte Holland, a Canadian radio soap star of the 1940s and later an actress. In the 1970s, Wanamaker began an intimate, long-standing relationship with the then-widowed American actress Jan Sterling. Wanamaker died of prostate cancer in London in 1993 at the age of 74,[9] before his dream could be finalized, and prior to the grand opening of the Globe by Queen Elizabeth II on 12 June 1997.[10] He was survived by three daughters, Abby, Jessica and Zoë.

Filmography

Actor

Television

  • Cameo Theatre in "Manhattan Footstep" (episode # 1.4) June 7, 1950
  • Danger Man – as Patrick Laurence in "The Lonely Chair" (episode # 1.8) October 30, 1960
  • The Defenders – as Dr. Ralph Ames in "The Hundred Lives of Harry Simms" (episode # 1.7) October 28, 1961
  • The Defenders – as James Henry David in "A Book for Burning" (episode # 2.27) March 30, 1963
  • Man of the World – as Nicko in "The Bandit" (episode # 2.1) May 11, 1963
  • Espionage – as Sprague in "Festival of Pawns" (episode # 1.10) December 11, 1963
  • The Outer Limits – as Dr. Simon Holm in "A Feasibility Study" (episode # 1.29) April 13, 1964
  • The Defenders – as Edward Banter in "Hollow Triumph" (episode # 3.35) June 20, 1964
  • The Defenders – as United States Attorney Brooker in "A Taste of Ashes" (episode # 4.8) November 12, 1964
  • The Wild Wild West – as Dr. Arcularis in "The Night of the Howling Light" (episode # 1.14) December 17, 1965
  • Gunsmoke – as Asa Longworth in "Parson Comes to Town" (episode # 11.31) April 30, 1966
  • Run for Your Life – as Major Joe Rankin in "The Flight from Tirana: Part 1" (episode # 2.16) January 9, 1967
  • Run for Your Life – as Major Joe Rankin in "A Rage for Justice: Part 2" (episode # 2.17) January 16, 1967
  • The Baron – as Sefton Folkard in "You Can't Win Them All" (episode # 1.19) February 1, 1967
  • Judd for the Defense – as Shelly Gould in "The Gates of Cerberus" (episode # 2.8) November 15, 1968
  • Thirty-Minute Theatre in "A Wen" (episode # 1.233) December 27, 1971
  • Rafferty – as Hollander in "Rafferty" (Pilot) (episode # 1.1) September 5, 1977
  • Return of the Saint – as Domenico in "Dragonseed" (episode # 1.22) February 25, 1979

Director

References

  1. ^ "Who do you think you are - Zoë Wanamaker" BBC/2008.
  2. ^ Martin Duberman, Paul Robeson, The New Press, New York, 1989, p. 476.
  3. ^ inlay notes to recording on Virgin Classics VC 7 91448-2.
  4. ^ a b c , Edward Chaney, "Sam Wanamaker's Global Legacy", Salisbury Review, June 1995, pp. 38–40.
  5. ^ "Sam Wanamaker's Great Obsession," by Karl E. Meyer, The New York Times, 29 December 1996.
  6. ^ Louise Jury (24 February 2012). "Globe theatre appeal … stage two".  
  7. ^ Moore, Rowan (12 January 2014). "Sam Wanamaker Playhouse – review".  
  8. ^ Michael Buchanan (31 August 2009). "'"Sam Wanamaker 'monitored by MI5. BBC News. 
  9. ^ Obituary for Sam Wanamaker, New York Times, 19 December 1993.
  10. ^ Shakespeare's Globe :: Sam Wanamaker

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.