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Sasebo, Japan

Sasebo
佐世保
Special city
佐世保市 · Sasebo

Kujukushima in Nagasaki Prefecture

Flag
Nagasaki Prefecture
Sasebo
Sasebo
Location in Japan

Coordinates: 33°11′N 129°43′E / 33.183°N 129.717°E / 33.183; 129.717Coordinates: 33°11′N 129°43′E / 33.183°N 129.717°E / 33.183; 129.717

Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Norio Tomonaga (since May 2009)
Area
 • Total 426.47 km2 (164.66 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2011)
 • Total 259,800
 • Density 609/km2 (1,580/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Flowering Dogwood
- Flower Lilium speciosum
- Bird Leomire
Address 1-10 Hachiman, Sasebo-shi, Nagasaki-ken
857-8585
Phone number 0956-24-1111
Website


Sasebo (佐世保市 Sasebo-shi?) is a city located in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2011, the city has an estimated population of 259,800 and a population density of 609 persons per km². The total area is 426.47 km².

The city includes a part of Saikai National Park. Located in the southern part of the city is the Dutch-styled theme park Huis Ten Bosch.

History

The area of present-day Sasebo was a rather insignificant fishing village under the control of nearby Hirado Domain until shortly after the start of the Meiji period. Imperial Japanese Navy Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō, when surveying the coasts of northwestern Kyūshū for the site of a navy base, selected his location based on its protected, deep-water harbor, geographic proximity to China and Korea, and the presence of nearby coal fields. Sasebo Naval District, founded in 1886, became the major port for the Japanese navy in its operations in the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War, and remained a major naval base to the end of World War II. Along with the base facilities, the navy also constructed the Sasebo Naval Arsenal, which included major shipyards and repair facilities.

Sasebo City was founded on April 1, 1902. The city which had 206,000 inhabitants in 1945 suffered severe damage by bombing on June 29, 1945 during World War II and was destroyed by 48%.[1] Sasebo was one of the original 17 targets selected for the dropping of the A-Bomb.

After the end of the war, part of the base facilities were taken over by the United States Navy, forming U.S. Fleet Activities Sasebo. Some parts of the base are shared with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.

Climate

Sasebo has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for Sasebo, Nagasaki
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.3
(50.5)
13.9
(57)
19.3
(66.7)
23.3
(73.9)
26.1
(79)
29.8
(85.6)
31.4
(88.5)
28.0
(82.4)
23.0
(73.4)
17.6
(63.7)
12.1
(53.8)
20.35
(68.62)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
6.5
(43.7)
9.7
(49.5)
14.8
(58.6)
18.8
(65.8)
22.1
(71.8)
26.4
(79.5)
27.4
(81.3)
23.9
(75)
18.6
(65.5)
13.3
(55.9)
8.2
(46.8)
16.29
(61.32)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.9
(37.2)
5.5
(41.9)
10.5
(50.9)
14.5
(58.1)
18.7
(65.7)
23.6
(74.5)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
14.6
(58.3)
9.2
(48.6)
4.5
(40.1)
12.57
(54.64)
Precipitation mm (inches) 76.0
(2.992)
83.0
(3.268)
120.4
(4.74)
180.8
(7.118)
189.5
(7.461)
312.3
(12.295)
327.1
(12.878)
188.1
(7.406)
187.6
(7.386)
103.7
(4.083)
95.7
(3.768)
64.5
(2.539)
1,928.7
(75.934)
Snowfall cm (inches) 3
(1.2)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
6
(2.4)
 % humidity 66 66 66 70 72 79 81 76 74 68 68 67 71.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 107.1 116.7 166.6 169.7 191.7 151.8 178.7 223.1 178.3 189.7 146.6 113.7 1,933.7
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Mergers

Economy

Shipbuilding and associated heavy industries continue to dominate the economy of Sasebo. Adjacent to the naval base is the JR passenger train system.

Sister city relations

Sasebo has sister-city relations with three places outside Japan and one within the country:[4]

Points of interest

  • Seishin Cathedral, a large church which was built in a neogothic style in 1930, is the symbol of Sasebo. It is opposite the main railway station in Miura-cho district.[5] Sasebo is the only Japanese city the symbol of which is a Christian church.
  • Huis Ten Bosch (theme park)
  • Sasebo Zoological Park and Botanical Garden
  • Kujū-ku Islands
  • Kōzakihana, westernmost point on the island of Kyūshū
  • ShinSaikai Bridge is a place where one can see many exciting whirlpools.
  • Tenkaihō


References

External links

  • (Japanese)
  • Sasebo Tourist Information site (English)
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