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Satpura National Park

Satpura National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
View of Satpura hills
Map showing the location of Satpura National Park
Location within Madhya Pradesh
Location Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh, India
Nearest city Pachmarhi
Coordinates [1]
Area 524 km2 (202 sq mi)
Established 1981

Satpura National Park is located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh in India. Its name is derived from the Satpura range. It covers an area of 524 km2 (202 sq mi). Satpura National Park, along with the adjoining Bori and Panchmarhi wildlife sanctuaries, provides 1,427 km2 (551 sq mi) of unique central Indian highland ecosystem. It was set up in 1981.

Pandav Caves Pachmarhi

The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of sandstone peaks, narrow ravines and dense forests. The altitude ranges from 300 to 1,352 metres (984 to 4,436 ft). It has Dhoopgarh peak as high as 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) and the almost level plains of Churna.

The nearest town to the national park is Pachmarhi and the nearest railhead is Piparia 55 kilometres (34 mi) away. The state capital Bhopal is 210 kilometres (130 mi) away.

Satpura National Park is very rich in biodiversity. The animals here are tiger, leopard, sambar, chital, Indian muntjac, nilgai, four-horned antelope, chinkara, gaur , wild boar, wild dog, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, Indian giant squirrel, etc. There are a variety of birds. Hornbills and peafowl are common birds found here.The flora consists of mainly sal, teak, tendu, Phyllanthus emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses and medicinal plants. In previous years, there have been sightings of tigers, dholes, Indian gaur and barasingha, although these are rare.[2]

Reintroduction of barasingha and transferring tigers

Some barasingha will be relocated here from Kanha National Park. There is a project to capture about 20 Bengal tigers and relocate them from Kanha National Park.[3]

References

  1. ^ "Satpura National Park". protectedplanet.net. 
  2. ^ National Council of Educational Research and Training. "Science: Textbook for Class VIII". Publication Department, 2010, p. 83.
  3. ^ Reintroduction of Barasingha: Kanha National Park – Satpura Tiger Reserve

External links

  • Satpura National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage
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