World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Selous' mongoose

Article Id: WHEBN0006434589
Reproduction Date:

Title: Selous' mongoose  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Helogale, Somalian slender mongoose, Black-footed mongoose, Burmese ferret-badger, Indian brown mongoose
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Selous' mongoose

Selous' mongoose
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Herpestidae
Genus: Paracynictis
Species: P. selousi
Binomial name
Paracynictis selousi
(de Winton, 1896)
Selous' mongoose range

Selous' mongoose (Paracynictis selousi) is a carnivore of southern Africa. It is the only member of the genus Paracynictis[2] in the mongoose family.

Taxonomy

Subspecies of Paracynictis selousi:

Paracynictis selousi bechuanae

Paracynictis selousi ngamiensis

Paracynictis selousi selousi

Paracynictis selousi sengaani [3]

Range

The species of mongoose is endemic to Southern Africa. Its range includes Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and South Africa.[4]

Physical Description

The Selous’s Mongoose has a total length of 63–90 cm and a tail length of 28–43 cm. It weighs about 1.4-2.0 kg.[5] The body of the mongoose ranges from pale speckled grey to tawny grey with a pale underside, while the legs are brown or black.[3][6] The tail of the mongoose is white at the tip, making it identifiable from the White-tailed Mongoose, which has a tail that is ¾ white. The Selous’s Mongoose is also smaller and more slender than the White-Tailed Mongoose.[6] The mongoose has four digits on each limb and long, slightly curved claws that are associated with digging.[7] The main difference between the sexes is that the female Selous’s Mongoose has three pairs of nipples on her underside, while the male does not.[8]

Behavior

The Selous’s Mongoose is a nocturnal species, but has been observed above ground during the day.[9] Although usually solitary, mongooses will sometimes form pairs, and it is not uncommon to see females with young. The Selous’s Mongoose digs its own burrows, but may opportunistically use those of other animals.[10]

Habitat

The Selous’s Mongoose lives primarily in open scrub and woodland.[11] It does not inhabit either forests or arid areas.[12] The species lives in labyrinthine, underground burrows of its own construction.[13]

Feeding and Foraging

The Selous’s Mongoose’s primary source of food is invertebrates. It also feeds on small rodents, amphibians, reptiles, and birds.[14] The front claws of the mongoose are ideally adapted to search for subterranean beetle larvae. The species will dig through tufts of grass or leaf litter to find food.[15]

Conservation Status and Threats

The Selous’s Mongoose is classified as Least Concern. There are no known threats to the species, and the population is widely distributed.[16]

Reproduction

Litters are usually made up of two to four young, which are born from August to March.[17]

Trivia and Fun Facts

The Selous’s Mongoose can defend itself by expelling strong-smelling secretion from its anal gland. Its white-tipped tail may be an indication of this ability.[18]

A group can also be called “mongeese” or a “mongaggle,” although the traditionally accepted plural form is mongooses.[19]

Etymology of the Name

Both Selous’s Mongoose and Selous’ Mongoose are accepted spellings of the name.[20] The Selous’s Mongoose has other names in native African language, as follows:

Afrikaans: Kleinwitstertmuishond

Zulu: Nsengane

Tswana: Kgano

Shona: Jerenyenje.[21]

References

  1. ^ Stuart, C., Stuart, T. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). Paracynictis selousi. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b [1]
  4. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. Walker’s Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991
  5. ^ Stuart, Chris and Tilde. The Field Guide to Mammals of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 2007
  6. ^ a b Stuart, Chris and Tilde
  7. ^ Nowak
  8. ^ Mitchell, C. “Selous’ Mongoose.” The Ultimate Field Guide for Mammals of Southern Africa
  9. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. Walker’s Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
  10. ^ Stuart, Chris and Tilde. The Field Guide to Mammals of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 2007.
  11. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. Walker’s Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991
  12. ^ Stuart, C., Stuart, T. & Hoffmann, M. 2008. “Paracynictis selousi.” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. .
  13. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. Walker’s Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991
  14. ^ Stuart, Chris and Tilde. The Field Guide to Mammals of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 2007.
  15. ^ Mitchell, C. “Selous’ Mongoose.” The Ultimate Field Guide for Mammals of Southern Africa.
  16. ^ Stuart, C., Stuart, T. & Hoffmann, M. 2008. “Paracynictis selousi.” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. .
  17. ^ Stuart, Chris and Tilde. The Field Guide to Mammals of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 2007
  18. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. Walker’s Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
  19. ^ “Selous's mongoose pictures and facts.” The Website of Everything. Web
  20. ^ Selous’ Mongoose. The Animal Files. Web. Accessed March 2015
  21. ^ Mitchell, C. “Selous’ Mongoose.” The Ultimate Field Guide for Mammals of Southern Africa.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.