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Siegmund Lubin

Siegmund Lubin
Born Siegmund Lubszynski
(1851-04-20)April 20, 1851
Breslau or Posnan
Died September 11, 1923(1923-09-11) (aged 72)
Ventnor, New Jersey
Nationality German, US
Other names Siegmund Lubszynski
"Pop" Lubin
Occupation Optometrist, inventor, film-maker, industrialist
Spouse(s) Annie Abrams (m. 1882–1923)

Siegmund Lubin (April 20, 1851 – September 11, 1923) was a German-American motion picture pioneer.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Legacy 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

He was born as Siegmund Lubszynski in Breslau or Posen, Silesia, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland) on April 20, 1851, to a German Jewish family, in which his father was a successful ophthalmologist.[1] In 1876 he emigrated to the United States, where he also worked as an optometrist in Philadelphia.[2]

He soon progressed to making his own camera and projector combination, which he sold. In 1896 he began distributing films for film piracy.[3]

By 1910 his company had built a film studio, "Lubinville", in Philadelphia,[2] at Twentieth Avenue and Indiana Street.[1]

A fire at its studio in June 1914 destroyed the negatives for his unreleased new films. When World War I broke out in Europe in September of that year, Lubin Studios, and other American filmmakers, lost foreign sales. After making more than a thousand motion pictures, on September 1, 1917, the Lubin Film Company went out of business.[2]

He went back to work as an optometrist.

He died on September 11, 1923 at his home in Ventnor, New Jersey.[2][4] He was buried on September 14, 1923.[5]

Legacy

For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Siegmund Lubin has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (with his first name as "Sigmund") at 6166 Hollywood Blvd.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b "Sigmund Lubin: Lubinville, PA". Paul Falzone;MINTV35; YouTube. Independence Media. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Joseph P. Eckhardt. "Lubin Timeline".  
  3. ^ Frazer, John (1979), Artificially Arranged Scenes: The Films of Georges Méliès, Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., p. 71,  
  4. ^ "Siegmund Lubin Dies. Pioneer in Movies. Philadelphia Optician, Once a Producer, Succumbs to Heart Disease at 72.".  
  5. ^ "Siegmund Lubin Buried".  
  6. ^ "Sigmund Lubin-Hollywood Star Walk". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Newspapers. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 

External links

  • The King of the Movies: Film Pioneer, Siegmund Lubin - biographical page with time line and other material by Joseph P. Eckhardt, Professor of History, Montgomery County Community College
  • Lubinville (film) on YouTube
  • WHYY, Ed Cunningham's Philadelphia, Siegmund Lubin, Video
  • Siegmund Lubin: King of the Movies,
    Betzwood, Digital History from the Libraries of Montgomery County Community College
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