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Sociology of sport

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Title: Sociology of sport  
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Subject: Sport, History of sport, Outline of academic disciplines, Sociology, Physical cultural studies
Collection: Politics and Sports, Sports Culture
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Sociology of sport

Sociology of sport, alternately referred to as sports sociology, is a sub-discipline of organizations or groups involved with sport.

There are many perspectives through which institutionalized activity). Following feminist or other reflexive and tradition-breaking paradigms sports are sometimes studied as contested activities, i.e. as activities in the centre of various people/groups interests (connection of sports and gender, mass media, or state-politics).

The emergence of the sociology of sport (though not the name itself) dates from the end of the 19th century, when first social psychological experiments dealing with group effects of competition and pace-making took place. Besides cultural anthropology and its interest in games in the human culture, one of the first efforts to think about sports in a more general way was Johan Huizinga's Homo Ludens or Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class.[1] In 1970, sports sociology gained significant attention as an organized, legitimate field of study. The North American Society for the Sociology of Sport was formed in 1978 with the objective of studying the field. Its research outlet, the Sociology of Sport Journal, was formed in 1984.

Today, most sports sociologists identify with at least one of four essential theories that define the relationship between sports and society, namely structural functionalism, conflict theory, critical theory, and symbolic interactionism.


  • See also 1
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4

See also


  1. ^ Lueschen, G. 1980. Sociology of Sport: Development, Present State, and Prospects. Annual Review of Sociology, 6: 315 — 347.

Further reading

  • Bourdieu, Pierre (1993). How can one be a sports fan?. London: Routledge In The Cultural Studies Reader, During, S. (ed.). pp. 339–355.  
  • Brohm, Jean-Marie : Sport: A Prison of Measured Time, Pluto Press, 1987
  • Cashmore, Ernest (2000). Sports Culture: An A-Z Guide. London, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Coakley, Jay J. (2004). Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies (8th edition ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.  
  • Coakley, Jay J. 1998. Sport in Society. Issues and Controversies, 6th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, ISBN 0-8151-2027-3 .  
  • Collins, Michael F. and Tess Kay (2003). Sport and Social Exclusion. London: Routledge.  
  • Danielson, Michael N. (1997). Home Team: Professional Sports and the American Metropolis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  
  • Dunning, Eric and Dominic Malcolm (editors) (2003). Sport. London, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Dunning, Eric and Kenneth Sheard (2005). Barbarians, Gentlemen and Players: A Sociological Study of the Development of Rugby Football (2nd edition ed.). London, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Dyck, Noel (2000). Games, Sports and Cultures. Oxford: Berg.  
  • Dunleavy, Aidan O., Andrew W. Miracle, and C. Roger Rees. Studies in the Sociology of Sport. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1982 ISBN 0-912646-78-0 .  
  • Eitzen, D. Stanley and George Harvey Sage (2003). Sociology of North American Sport (7th edition ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.  
  • Giulianotti, Richard (2005). Sport: A Critical Sociology. Oxford, UK; Malden, MA: Polity.  
  • Freccero Renata, &  
  • Giulianotti, Richard (2004). Sport and Modern Social Theorists. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.  
  • Guttmann, Allen (2004). From Ritual to Record: The Nature of Modern Sports (Updated with a new afterword ed.). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.  
  • Gleyse, Jacques (1995, reed. 2006). Archéologie de l'Education physique au XXe siècle en France. Paris: P.U.F. 
  • Gleyse, Jacques (1997). L'Instrumentalisation du corps. Paris, Montréal: L'harmattan. 
  • Guttmann, Allen. 1994. Games and Empires. Modern Sports and Cultural Imperialism. New York: Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-10042-6 .  
  • Heywood, Leslie, and Shari L. Dworkin (2003). Built to Win: The Female Athlete as Cultural Icon. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.  
  • Horne, John, and Wolfram Manzenreiter (2006). Sports Mega-Events: Social Scientific Analyses of a Global Phenomenon. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub./Sociological Review.  
  • Houlihan, Barrie (editor) (2003). Sport and Society: A Student Introduction. London, UK; Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.  
  • Jarvie, Grant and Maguire, Joseph. 1994. Sport and Leisure in Social Thought. London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-07703-6 .  
  • Jarvie, Grant. 2006 Sport, Culture and Society. An Introduction, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-30647-7 .  
  • Jay, Kathryn (2004). More than just a Game: Sports in American Life since 1945. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.  
  • Johnson, Jay and Margery Jean Holman (2004). Making the Team: Inside the World of Sport Initiations and Hazing. Toronto, Canada: Canadian Scholars' Press.  
  • Jones, Robyn L. and Kathleen M. Armour (2000). Sociology of Sport: Theory and Practice. Harlow, Essex, England: Longman.  
  • Laker, Anthony (2002). The Sociology of Sport and Physical Education: An Introductory Reader. London, UK; New York, NY: RoutledgeFalmer.  
  • Lenskyj, Helen Jefferson, Out on the Field: Gender, Sport and Sexualities. Toronto: Women's Press, 2003
  • Loland, Sigmund, Berit Skirstad, and Ivan Waddington (2006). Pain and Injury in Sport: Social and Ethical Analysis. London, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Maguire, Joseph A. (2002). Sport Worlds: A Sociological Perspective. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.  
  • Maguire, Joseph A. and Kevin Young (editors) (2002). Theory, Sport & Society. Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Boston, MA: JAI.  
  • Markovits, Andrei S. and Steven L. Hellerman (2001). Offside: Soccer and American Exceptionalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  
  • Millward, Peter (2011) The Global Football League: Transnational Networks, Social Movements and Sport in the New Media Age. Palgrave
  • Nixon, Howard L. (2008). Sport in a Changing World. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.  
  • Scambler, Graham (2005). Sport and Society: History, Power and Culture. Maidenhead, England; New York, NY: Open University Press.  
  • Scraton, Sheila and Anne Flintoff (2002). Gender and Sport: A Reader. London, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Sugden, John Peter and Alan Tomlinson (2002). Power Games: A Critical Sociology of Sport. London, England; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Tomlinson, Alan (2005). Sport and Leisure Cultures. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.  
  • Tomlinson, Alan and Christopher Young (2006). National Identity and Global Sports Events: Culture, Politics, and Spectacle in the Olympics and the Football World Cup. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.  
  • Wacquant, Loïc J D (2004). Body & Soul: Notebooks of an Apprentice Boxer. Oxford, UK; New York, NY: Oxford University Press.  
  • Waddington, Ivan (2000). Sport, Health and Drugs: A Critical Sociological Perspective. London, UK; New York, NY: E & FN Spon.  
  • Wann, Daniel L., et al. Sport Fans: The Psychology and Social Impact of Spectators. New York: Routledge, 2001 ISBN 0-415-92463-4 .  
  • Woods, Ron B. (2007). Social Issues in Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.  
  • Woodward, Kath (2007). Boxing, Masculinity and Identity: The 'I' of the Tiger. London. UK; New York, NY: Routledge.  
  • Yiannakis, Andrew and Merrill J. Melnick (2001). Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sport (Revised edition ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.  
  • Young, Kevin (editor) (2004). Sporting Bodies, Damaged Selves: Sociological Studies of Sports-Related Injury. Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Boston, MA: Elsevier.  
  • Young, Kevin and Kevin B. Wamsley (2005). Global Olympics: Historical and Sociological Studies of the Modern Games. Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Oxford, UK: Elsevier JAI.  
  • Young, Kevin and Philip White (2007). Sport and Gender in Canada (2nd edition ed.). Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.  

External links

  • International Sociology of Sport Association [1]
  • North American Society for the Sociology of Sport [2]
  • Sociology of Sport Journal [3]
  • University of Leicester, MA Sociology of Sport [4]
  • Loughborough University, MSc Sociology of Sport [5]
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