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Sport Club Corinthians Paulista

Corinthians
Full name Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
Nickname(s) Timão (Helm)
Coringão
Big Club
"Faithfull Hawks"
Founded September 1, 1910 (1910-09-01)
Stadium Arena Corinthians, São Paulo
Ground Capacity 47,605
President Roberto de Andrade
Head coach Tite
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Paulista
Copa do Brasil
2015
2015
Brasileirão, 1st
Paulistão, 3rd
Copa do Brasil, round of 16
Website Club home page

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista (Brazilian Portuguese: ) is a Brazilian multisport club based in Tatuapé, São Paulo. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Corinthians is mostly known for its professional association football team. The club currently play in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A,[nb 1], the top tier of the Brazilian football, as well as in the Campeonato Paulista Série A1,[nb 2], the first division of the traditional in-state competition.

The club was founded in 1910 by five railway workers from the district of Bom Retiro, who became impressed by the performances of London-based club Corinthian Football Club, electing Miguel Battaglia as the club's first president. Since then, Corinthians became one of Brazil's most successful clubs, having won the Brasileirão on five occasions, as well as three Copa do Brasil trophies and a record 27 Campeonato Paulista titles. In 2000 the club won the inaugural FIFA Club World Cup as the host nation's representative, repeating the feat in 2012 after winning the Copa Libertadores de América for the first time.

Corinthians plays its home matches at the Arena Corinthians, one of the venues in the 2014 FIFA World Cup, hosting six matches during the tournament, including the opening match on 12 June 2014. The club's home kit features white shirts and black shorts, accompanied by white socks, this combination been used since 1920, Nike being the kit manufacturers since 2003. Corinthians holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably against Palmeiras and São Paulo.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Kit 2
    • Colors 2.1
    • Crests 2.2
    • Manufacturer and sponsors 2.3
  • Facilities 3
    • Stadiums 3.1
      • Former Stadia 3.1.1
      • Arena Corinthians 3.1.2
    • Training facility 3.2
      • CT Joaquim Grava 3.2.1
  • Club culture 4
    • Supporters 4.1
      • Fiel 4.1.1
      • Torcidas organizadas 4.1.2
    • Symbols 4.2
  • Rivalries 5
    • Derby Paulista 5.1
    • Clássico Majestoso 5.2
    • Clássico Alvinegro 5.3
    • Other Rivalries 5.4
  • Players 6
    • First team squad 6.1
    • Out on Loan 6.2
    • Notable Former Players 6.3
  • Technical staff 7
    • Current technical staff 7.1
    • Notable managers 7.2
      • Presidents 7.2.1
  • Statistics 8
    • Recent seasons 8.1
  • Honors 9
    • Domestic competitions 9.1
    • International competitions 9.2
    • Other titles 9.3
  • See also 10
  • Notes 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

Corinthians in 1914

In 1910 the football in Brazil was an elitist sport. The top clubs were formed by people who were part of the upper classes. Among them were Club Athletico Paulistano, São Paulo Athletic Club,[1] & Associação Atlética das Palmeiras.[2] Lower-class society excluded from larger clubs founded their own minnow clubs and only played "floodplain" football.

Bucking the trend, a group of five workers of the São Paulo Railway, more precisely Joaquim Ambrose and Anthony Pereira (wall painters), Rafael Perrone (shoemaker), Anselmo Correia (driver) and Carlos Silva (general laborer), residents of the neighborhood of Bom Retiro. It was August 31, 1910 when these workers were watching a match featuring a London-based club touring Brazil, Corinthian F.C..[3] After the match, while the group returned home, The men spoke of partnerships, business ideas, and general dreams of grandeur. In the mind of each one surfaced a great idea: the foundation of a club, after several exchanges in a lively argument, a common ground led those athletes the same dream. The arguments led to the conclusion that they would meet the next day to make a dream into reality.

September 1, 1910. In anticipation of heavy rains, the group agreed to meet after sundown in public sight. That night at 8:30pm, on Rua José Paulino ("Rua dos Imigrantes" (Immigrants Street), underneath the glow of an oil lamp the five workers reunited alongside their guest and neighbors from Bom Retiro. That night the club was founded, alongside its board of directors, who elected Miguel Battaglia as the first Club President.[3]

Corinthians played their first match on September 10, 1910, away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo; and despite being defeated by 1–0, this match would mark the beginning of a successful era as an amateur club.

On September 14, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game 2–0.

1914, Corinthians first Champion Squad: Fúlvio, Casimiro do Amaral and Casimiro Gonzalez; Police, Biano and Cesar; Aristides, Peres, Amilcar, Dias and Neco

With good results and an increasing number of supporters, Corinthians joined the Liga Paulista, after winning two qualifying games, and played in the São Paulo State Championship for the first time, in 1913. Just one year after joining the league, Corinthians was crowned champion for the first time (in 1914), and were again two years later. There were many fly-by-night teams popping up in São Paulo at the time, and during the first practice held by Corinthians a banner was placed by the side of the field stating "This One Will Last".

Teleco was a superb Corinthians scorer, with 251 goals in 246 matches. He became the top scorer of the Paulista Championships of 1935, 1936, 1937, 1939 and 1941. His nickname was O rei das viradas (The king of comebacks)

The year of 1922, the Centennial of Brazilian Independence, marks the start of Corinthians hegemony in the São Paulo State Championship. As football was almost exclusively played at Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo by that time, the two state champions were considered to be the two top clubs in Brazil. After defeating the Rio de Janeiro State Championship champion of that year, América, Corinthians joined the company of the great teams in Brazil.

The same year also marked the first of three State Championships in a row, something that happened again in 1928–30 and 1937–39.

Corinthians seemed destined to win State Championships in threes; after six years without being a champions, they came won three more from 1937 the 1939. The 1940s were a more difficult time; and the club would win a championship in 1941 and would only win their next in 1951.

At the beginning of the 1950s Corinthians made history in the São Paulo Championship. In 1951, the team composed of Carbone, Cláudio, Luisinho, Baltasar and Mário scored 103 goals in thirty matches of the São Paulo Championship, registering an average of 3.43 per game. Carbone was the top goalscorer of the competition with 30 goals. The club would also win the São Paulo Championships of 1952 and 1954. In this same decade, Corinthians were champions three times of the Rio-São Paulo Championship (1950, 1953 and 1954), the tournament that was becoming most important in the country with the increased participation of the greatest clubs from the two most important footballing states in the country.

In 1953, in a championship in Venezuela, Corinthians won the Small Cup of the World, a championship that many consider as a precursor of the Worldwide Championship of Clubs. On the occasion, Corinthians, substituting for Vasco da Gama, went to Caracas, the Venezuelan capital and recorded six consecutive victories against Roma (1–0 and 3–1), Barcelona (3–2 and 1–0) and Selection of Caracas (2–1 and 2–0). The club would also win the Cup of the Centenary of São Paulo, in the same year (1954).

Rivelino is considered the greatest Corinthians' player of all times

After the triumphs in the São Paulo Championship and the Rio-São Paulo of 1954, Corinthians had a lengthy title drought. The breakthrough finally came when they won the São Paulo state championship in 1977, breaking a string of 23 years without a major title.

Under the leadership of Sócrates, Wladimir and Casagrande, Corinthians were the first Brazilian club in which players decided about concentração, a common Brazilian practice where the football players were locked up in a hotel days before a game, and discussed politics. (In the early 1980s, military dictatorship, after two decades, ended in Brazil). In 1982, before the election of government of São Paulo State, the team wore a kit with the words: DIA 15 VOTE (Vote on 15th),[4] trying to motivate the biggest number of fans to vote.

In 1990, Corinthians won their first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, beating their rivals, São Paulo in the final at the opponents' own stadium, Estádio do Morumbi.[5] In the following year, Corinthians beat Flamengo and won the Supercopa do Brasil.[6] In the 1995, the club won the Copa do Brasil for the first time, beating Grêmio in the final at the Estádio Olímpico Monumental in Porto Alegre.[7] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 1995, 1997 and 1999,[8] and won the national championship again in 1998 and in 1999.[9]

In 2000, Corinthians won the first edition of the FIFA Club World Cup, beating Vasco in the final played at the Estádio do Maracanã. To reach the final, Corinthians finished ahead of Real Madrid of Spain, Al-Nasr of Saudi Arabia and Raja Casablanca of Morocco.[10] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 2001 and in 2003[8] and the Copa do Brasil in 2002, beating Brasiliense in the final.[11]

Between 1990 and 2005, the club also won the Ramón de Carranza Trophy in 1996, the Rio-São Paulo Tournament in 2002, the São Paulo Youth Cup in 1995, 1999, 2004, and 2005, and the Dallas Cup in 1999 and 2000.

The club's situation in early 2004 was among the most difficult in their history. Bad administration, lack of money and terrible campaigns both in the 2003 Brazilian Championship and in the 2004 São Paulo State Championship caused their millions of supporters to worry. Fortunately, some young players and a new manager Tite helped the team to improve from their terrible start. At the end of the championship, Corinthians finished in 5th place and gained entry to the Copa Sudamericana (a minor continental championship).

This situation was one of the factors which enabled Corinthians' president, Alberto Dualib, to convince the club's advisors to sign a controversial deal with an international fund of investors called Media Sports Investment. The deal granted the company a large degree of control over the club for 10 years in exchange for large financial investments in return. This has brought many quality players to the team, such as Carlos Tevez, Roger, Javier Mascherano and Carlos Alberto.

Despite the MSI investments, Corinthians experienced a slow start in the 2005 state championship, but managed to improve as it progressed, eventually managing to finish second. Their start to the Brazilian championship during 2005 was difficult, too, but after Daniel Passarella's dismissal (due to an unexpected 5–1 loss to Corinthians' rivals, São Paulo), the club finished the championship round well, and were eventually crowned Brazilian Champions for the fourth time, after a controversial annulment of eleven games due to a betting scandal.

The relationship between Corinthians' managers and the MSI president, Kia Joorabchian was not good, and after being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores, the club experienced a crisis which was responsible for the bad performances for the rest of 2006. Eventually, the partnership came to an end.[12]

On December 2, 2007, following a 1–1 draw away to Grêmio, Corinthians were relegated to the second division.

Corinthians, who won promotion to the top division of Brazilian football for 2009 by winning the Serie B tournament, signed with three-time FIFA Player of the Year Ronaldo.[13][14] In 2009, led by Ronaldo, Corinthians won their 26th Campeonato Paulista and their third Copa do Brasil. Confirming the club's good moment, Corinthians finished the Campeonato Brasileiro 2010 in 3rd place, granting their place on the subsequent Copa Libertadores. After being eliminated from the South American tournament by the relatively less traditional Deportes Tolima, though, Corinthians saw Ronaldo retire from football. To replace him, the club signed with other 2006 national squad veteran Adriano.[15] In 2011, Corinthians won their fifth national title.

On July 4, after reaching the final of the 2012 Copa Libertadores undefeated, Corinthians won its first title after a two-match final against 6-time champions Boca Juniors by drawing 1–1 in Argentina and accomplishing an inaugural victory at the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo winning 2–0, becoming the ninth Brazilian side to win the Copa Libertadores.[16][17] After this historical title, Corinthians is considered the most valuable club in Brazil.[18] The club won the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup for the second time after defeating English club Chelsea 1–0 on December 16, 2012.[19][20][21]

Kit

Colors

Evolutions of the uniform.

The Corinthians' shirt had no crest before 1913, when the club joined the Liga Paulista Even though the club has been recognized by the colors black and white for most of their history, the first Corinthians' kit originally consisted of cream shirts and black shorts. But when the shirts were washed, the cream color gradually became white. After that, early in the club's history, the official colors were changed, so the club would not waste much money on buying new kits. In 1954 the black with thin white stripes uniform was introduced, and became the alternative uniform. The original cream color of the first uniform would come back as a reference in 2007, with the golden third uniform. The purple has been associated as a fan color for a long time and, since 2008, has been used as a successful third uniform: in popular culture, a corintiano roxo (purple corintiano) is a fanatic supporter of Corinthians.

Crests

Unlike the shirt, the shield of Corinthians went through several changes over the years. While the Corinthians disputed only friendlies and "futebol de várzea" (Floodplain Football, Paulista Colloquial language for Amateur Football). The first crest was hastily created for a game against Minas Gerais, it was valid for qualifying for the 1913 Liga Paulista de Football, and was simply composed of the letters "C" and "P" (Corinthians Paulista) laced together.[22] The third shield would be used until the following year, when Hermogenes Barbuy, lithographer and brother of the player Amilcar, created the first official shield, developing a framework for the letters and added the 'S " ( Sport), which premiered at the friendly against Torino (Italy), in São Paulo.[23]

Shortly thereafter, the frame gets larger, and from 1919 the distinctive beginning to form the current format, which includes the flag of São Paulo in the center. In 1937, Getúlio Vargas lowered the status of the New State and made a public ceremony with the burning of flags of all States in the Federation, in order to symbolize his desire to strengthen the centralized government. Yet, the flag of São Paulo survived inside the shell of the Corinthians. After the fall of the regime, the freedom to use of regional symbols was once again permitted.[22] In 1939, the shield has won a string around the circle, and the two oars and anchor, in allusion to the club's success in nautical sports. The design was created by a Modernist painter Francisco Rebolo, who played for Corinthians reserve squad in the 1920s. Thereafter, the symbol Corinthian passed through small changes over time, specifically the flag and the frame.[22]

In 1990, the first star was added in reference to the first Brazilian title. The same was done with the achievements of 1998, 1999 and 2005, and a larger yellow star above the others, in honor of winning the FIFA World Cup 2000. Before 2011, the Corinthians board decided to remove all the stars.

The Evolution of the Crest of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
1913 1914 1914–16 1916 1916–19 1919–39 1939–79 1980–Present

Manufacturer and sponsors

Corinthians began the 2012 Season with Johnson & Johnson Brazilian consumer brand Jontex as its main sponsor.[24] When Corinthians initiated the 2012 Libertadores Campaign a month later, Fiat subsidiary Iveco (Chest) became the main sponsor alongside Fisk (Back), Marabraz (Sleeves), & Bom Brill (Shoulders).[25] Prior to the Libertadores Final Iveco approached Corinthians in an attempt to become the exclusive sponsor of Timão, Corinthians rebuffed stating that such a deal would be out of Iveco's financial reach.[26] The latest prices for Corinthians Shirt sponsorships are as follows: (Chest & Back) R$30m (12m/$15m), Sleeves R$15m (6m/$7.5m), Shoulders R$8m (3.2m/$4m), for a total of R$53m (21.3m/$26.5m).[26] On July 7, 2012, It was announced that Corinthians is close to signing an exclusive sponsorship deal lasting until the end of 2012, worth R$68m (27.3m/$34m).[27] This would place Corinthians as the second most expensive shirt in the world, ahead of Juventus (Tamoil) & behind Manchester United (Nike).[28]

2005 Corinthians Shirt
Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1980–81 Topper None
1982 Bom Brill
1983 Cofap
1984 Citizen
1984 Bic
1984 Corona
1985–89 Kalunga
1990–94 Finta
1995–96 Penalty Suvinil
1996–98 Banco Excel
1998 Embratel
1999–00 Topper Batavo
2000–02 Pepsi
2003–04 Nike
2005–07 Samsung
2008 Medial Saúde
2009 Batavo
2010–12 Hypermarcas
2012 Iveco
2012– Caixa

Facilities

Stadiums

Pacaembu, Corinthians popular home from 1940–2014

Former Stadia

  • Campo do Lenheiro & Estadio do Bom Retiro:

The first field of the Corinthians was in the neighborhood of Bom Retiro, where the club was founded in 1910. More precisely in the old street of Immigrants, current Rua José Paulino. It was actually a stadium, but a vacant lot owned by a seller of firewood.[29] It was nicknamed "Field Lenheiro." [30] It was the time of the floodplain and the players themselves had to clean and flatten the lawn.[29]

  • Ponte Grande:

In January 1918, Corinthians opened its first stadium, in Great Bridge (now the Bridge of Flags), on the banks of Tiete River.[29] The land was leased from the municipality under the influence of the intellectual Antonio de Alcantara Machado, one of the first to approach the club workers. Stood beside the Chácara da Floresta, AA das Palmeiras (one of the largest clubs in the city so far)'s stadium and was built by the players and fans in a community helping system.[29] The Corinthians played their games there until 1927. They played 138 games with 83 wins, 43 draws and 12 defeats.[31]

  • Parque São Jorge:

In 1926, the club purchased América-RJ.[33] The land purchased with the original included a Syrian farm - hence the nickname "Fazendinha", still used today. It was from here that the Corinthians began to develop and could build up its headquarters.[32]

In

  • Official website (Portuguese), (English), (Spanish)
  • Acervo SCCP – all matches and history of Corinthians
  • Committee for Preservation of Corinthians' Memories
  • FIFA Home Page
  • Book – Top 10 Idols

External links

  1. ^ not to be confused with São Paulo Futebol Clube
  2. ^ do not confuse with Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ BORBA, Marco Aurélio (November 5, 1982) "O Timão cheio de bossas". Revista Placar. pp. 50-53
  5. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1990 at RSSSF Archived May 2, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Supercopa do Brasil at RSSSF Archived November 15, 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Copa do Brasil 1995 at RSSSF
  8. ^ a b Campeonato Paulista at RSSSF
  9. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A at RSSSF Archived January 28, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^
  11. ^ Copa do Brasil 2002 at RSSSF Archived May 3, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^
  13. ^ Brazilian Ronaldo set to join Corinthians – The Telegraph, December 9, 2008
  14. ^ Ronaldo agrees to join Corinthians – The Independent, December 9, 2008
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ a b c 1913: Nasce o Mosqueteiro corintiano - Lance1, May 28, 2010
  23. ^ 1914 - O primeiro título e o primeiro ídolo - Lance!, May 29, 2010
  24. ^ "Jontex ganha destaque na camisa do Corinthians". Exame. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  25. ^ "Patrocínio pontual: Iveco, Fisk, Marabraz e Bom Bril!". Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  26. ^ a b "Empresa sonda Corinthians para ser patrocinadora exclusiva em camisa ". UOL. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  27. ^ "Andrés vê Corinthians como 'maior do mundo' em 2015 e revela patrocínio de R$ 68 milhões". UOL Esporte. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  28. ^ "Top 10 football club sponsorship deals". Football Marketing. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d 1918: Corinthians teve seu primeiro estádio - Lance!, June 2, 2010
  30. ^
  31. ^ Corinthians 5000 Jogos: Clube - Lance!, February 17, 2008
  32. ^ a b c d 1926: Timão compra o Parque São Jorge - Lance!, June 10, 2010
  33. ^ a b 1928: Satanás, ídolo e muralha corintiana - Lance!, June 12, 2010
  34. ^ a b c 1940: A primeira partida do Corinthians no Pacaembu - Lance!, June 24, 2010
  35. ^ 1942: Corinthians conquista o Torneio Quinela de Ouro - Lance!, June 26, 2010
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ a b
  56. ^
  57. ^ [1]
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^
  74. ^
  75. ^ a b

References

  1. ^ Also known by its nickname Brasileirão.
  2. ^ Also known by its nickname Paulistão.

Notes

See also

Winners (1): 1996
Winners (1): 1954
Winners (1): 1956

Other titles

Winners (1): 2013
Winners (1): 2012
Winners (2): 2000, 2012

International competitions

Winners (5): 1950, 1953, 1954, 1966, 2002
Winners (27): 1914, 1916, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2009, 2013
Winners (1): 2008
Winners (1): 1991
Winners (3): 1995, 2002, 2009
Winners (6): 1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011, 2015

Domestic competitions

FIFA Club World Cup trophy displayed in Memorial Club, December 2012

Honors

     Champion.
     Runner-Up.
     Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Campeonato Brasileiro Campaign.
     Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Copa do Brasil or Copa Libertadores Title.
     Classified for Copa Conmebol, Copa Mercosul or Copa Sul-Americana.
     Relegated to Série B.
     Promoted to Série A.
Legend:


Last Ten Seasons
Year Campeonato Brasileiro Copa do Brasil Continental/Worldwide Campeonato Paulista
Div Pos G W D L GF GA Fase Máxima Competition Fase Máxima Div. Fase Máxima Pos.
2005 A 42 24 9 9 87 59 Round of 16 SA Quarter-finals A1 League
2006 A 38 15 8 15 41 46 CL SA Round of 16 Round of 16 A1 League
2007 A 17º 38 10 14 14 40 50 Round of 16 SA Brazil Preliminary A1 First stage
2008 B 38 25 10 3 79 29 Final A1 First stage
2009 A 10º 38 14 10 14 50 54 Final A1 Final
2010 A 38 19 11 8 65 41 CL Round of 16 A1 First stage
2011 A 38 21 8 9 53 36 CL First stage A1 Final
2012 A 38 15 12 11 51 39 CL WC Final Final A1 Quarter-finals
2013 A 10º 38 11 17 10 27 22 Quarter-finals CL RS Round of 16 Final A1 Final
2014 A 38 19 12 7 49 31 Quarter-finals A1 First stage

Recent seasons

Statistics

Name Tenure
Miguel Battaglia 1910
Alexandre Magnani 1910–14
Ricardo de Oliveira 1915
João Baptista Maurício 1915–16
João Martins de Oliveira 1917
João de Carvalho (Interim) 1918
Albino Teixeira Pinheiro 1919
Guido Giacominelli 1920–25, 1927
Aristides de Macedo Filho 1925
Ernesto Cassano 1926, 1928
José Tipaldi 1929
Filipe Collona 1929–30
Alfredo Schürig 1930–33
João Baptista Maurício 1933
José Martins Costa Júnior 1933–34
Manuel Correcher 1935–41
Mario Henrique Almeida (Intervenor) 1941
Pedro de Souza 1941
Manuel Domingos Correia 1941–43
Alfredo Ignácio Trindade 1944–46
Lourenço Fló Junior 1947–48
Alfredo Ignacio Trindade 1948–59
Vicente Matheus 1959–61
Wadih Helu 1961–71
Miguel Martinez 1971–72
Vicente Matheus 1972–81
Waldemar Pires 1982–85
Roberto Pasqua 1985–87
Vicente Matheus 1987–91
Marlene Matheus 1991–93
Alberto Dualib 1993–07
Clodomil Antonio Orsi (Interim) 2007
Andrés Sanchez 2007–11
Mário Gobbi 2012–15
Roberto de Andrade 2015–

Presidents

Name Years G W D L GF GA\ W% CP-A1 CB CB-A CL CWC Notes
Amílcar Barbuy 1915–20
1935
1937
192 135 18 39 0 0 70.31 1915
1937
[58]
Guido Giacominelli 1921–25 117 88 11 18 321 112 75.21 1922
1923
1924
[59]
Neco 1927
1937–38
66 29 15 22 135 113 43.94 1937
1938
[60]
Virgílio Montarini 1929–31 84 51 17 16 284 142 60.71 1929
1930
[61]
Del Debbio 1939–42
1947–49
1963
215 143 31 41 0 0 66.51 1939
1941
[62]
Rato 1942–43
1951–54
1958–59
1963
1969
255 161 43 51 0 0 63.14 1951
1952
1953
1954
[63]
Osvaldo Brandão 1954–57
1964–66
1969
1977–78
1980–81
438 249 96 93 0 0 56.85 1954
1977
[64]
Sylvio Pirillo 1959–60
1974–75
124 67 26 31 158 209 54.03 [65]
Dino Sani 1969–70
1975
122 54 39 29 187 116 44.26 [66]
Duque 1972
1976–77
113 54 36 23 113 88 47.79 1977 [67]
José Teixeira 1978–79 107 48 41 18 150 96 44.86 1979 [68]
Mário Travaglini 1981–82
1985
122 [69]
Basílio 1985
1987
1989–90
1992
116 51 42 23 140 90 43.97 [70]
Nelsinho Baptista 1990–91
1992–93
1997
2007
192 84 66 42 277 203 43.75 1997 1990 [71]
Eduardo Fernandes Amorim 1995–96 110 52 29 29 185 130 47.27 1995 [72]
Vanderlei Luxemburgo 1998
2001
139 65 34 40 258 180 46.76 2001 1998 [73]
Oswaldo de Oliveira 1999–00 112 58 21 33 220 158 51.79 1999 1999 2000 [74]
Tite 2004–05
2010–13
2015–Present
306 152 94 60 49.67 2013 2011 2012 2012 [75]
Mano Menezes 2008–10
2014
250 138 64 48 407 236 55.20 2009 2009 [75]

List criteria:

Notable managers


Board of Directors
Name Position
Roberto de Andrade President
André Luiz Oliveira Vice-President
Jorge Kalil Vice-President
Andrés Sánchez Superintendent
Emerson Piovezan Financial Director
Jorge Aun Director of Estates & Works
Adilson Mendes Ferreira Director of Land Sports
Eduardo Caggiano Freitas Administrative Director
José Onofre de Souza Almeida Director of Amateur Football
Rogério Mollica Director of Legal Instrument
Oldano G. de Carvalho Director of Aquatic Sports
Ronaldo Perrella Rocha Director of Social Department
Marcelo Pereira Passos Marketing Director
Nadir de Campos Júnior Director of International Relations
Donato Votta Cultural Director
Oswaldo Abrão José General Secretary


  • Manager - Tite
  • Assistant Managers - Fábio Carille, Cléber Xavier
  • General Manager - Edu Gaspar
  • Technical Coordinator - Alessandro Mori Nunes
  • Technical Supervisor - Mauro Silva
  • Fitness coach - Fábio Mahseredjian
  • Assistant Fitness Coaches - Shih Chien Chan Junior, Fabricio Ramos do Prado, Flávio Furlan
  • Goalkeeping Coach - Mauri Costa Lima
  • Medical Consultant - Joaquim Grava
  • Team Doctors - Julio Stancati, Ivan Grava, Gervásio Mikami
  • Physiotherapists - Bruno Mazziotti, José Alberto Fregnani Gonçalves, Paulo Rogério Vieira, Caio Maurício Sampaio Mello

Last Updated September 1, 2015.:[57]

Current technical staff

Technical staff

Notable Former Players

No. Position Player
GK Renan (on loan to Tigres do Brasil)
DF Antônio Carlos (on loan to Avaí)
DF Igor (on loan to Tigres do Brasil)
DF Denner (on loan to Red Bull Brasil)
DF Moisés (on loan to Bragantino)
MF Willian Arão (on loan to Botafogo)
No. Position Player
MF Vitor Júnior (on loan to Siam Navy)
MF Zé Paulo (on loan to Rio Ave)
MF Giovanni (on loan to Atlético Paranaense)
FW Brayan Riascos (on loan to Bragantino)
FW Stiven Mendoza (on loan to Chennaiyin)
FW Alexandre Pato (on loan to São Paulo)
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Out on Loan

No. Position Player
1 GK Caíque França
2 DF Edu Dracena
3 DF Yago
4 DF Gil
5 MF Ralf (Captain)
6 DF Uendel
7 MF Elias
8 MF Renato Augusto
9 FW Lincom (on loan from Bragantino)
10 MF Jádson
11 FW Ángel Romero
12 GK Cássio
13 DF Guilherme Arana
14 MF Gustavo Viera
15 MF Matheus Vargas
16 MF Cristian
No. Position Player
18 FW Luciano
19 MF Matheus Pereira
20 MF Danilo
21 FW Malcom
22 MF Marciel
23 DF Fagner
25 MF Bruno Henrique
26 MF Rodriguinho
27 GK Walter
28 DF Felipe
29 DF Rodrigo Sam
30 FW Lucca (on loan from Criciúma)
31 FW Rildo (on loan from Ponte Preta)
32 GK Matheus Vidotto
33 DF Edílson
99 FW Vágner Love
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

As of 15 September 2015

First team squad

Players

Derby dos Invictos (Derby of the Undefeated), Corinthians and Portuguesa is a crosstown rivalry. Corinthians vs Ponte Preta is an in-state rivalry that peaked in the 1977 Campeonato Paulista final, which led to Ponte Preta's greatest Paulista Finish (runner-up). Classico das Multidões (Classic of The Masses) is an inter-state rivalry pegging the two most supported teams in Brazil: Corinthians and Flamengo. Corinthians and Vasco led to great match ups and some rivalry recently, mostly after Vasco winning the Brasileirão in 1997 and 2000, and Corinthians in 1998 and 1999. Their greatest match coincided with the first FIFA Club World Cup in 2000, with a Corinthians victory in the penalty shootout. Corinthians also won the 2011 Brasileirão in the last round of the season, two points over the runner-ups Vasco. Corinthians saved Vasco from their usual runner-up fate by defeating the cariocas in 2012 Libertadores Quarter-finals.

Other Rivalries

Clássico Alvinegro is a regional fixture between Corinthians and Santos.'Alvinegro' is given after the colors worn by both teams, black and white (Alvi, from Latin albus, white, and negro, black). The Classico reached one of its highest stages for Corinthians supporters when Corinthians met Santos in the Semi-Finals of Libertadores 2012. Corinthians won 2-1 on aggregate.

Clássico Alvinegro

Clássico Majestoso is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and São Paulo. The Derby dates back to 1935, at the final re-founding São Paulo after being thrice defunct. Corinthians possesses the largest amount of supporters in the state (25 Million), whereas São Paulo's lies in second place (16 Million). The Clássico's most memorable match for Corinthians is the 1990 Campenato Brasileiro finals, which led to Corinthians first national title.

Clássico Majestoso

Derby Paulista is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and Palmeiras, consistently cited as one of the greatest rivalries worldwide by FIFA,[52] CNN,[53] The Daily Mail,[54] & Others. Palmeiras was founded by a group of Italians who were formerly members of Corinthians.[55] Since 1914, when that treasonous act was taken upon these former supporters, a deep-seated hatred was born.[55] The Derby atmosphere is fierce on and off the pitch, as violence is a norm between the clubs.[56]

Derby Paulista

Derby Paulista, c. 1920s

Rivalries

Corinthians Headquarters, located at 777 Rua São Jorge (Parque São Jorge), Tatuapé, Sao Paulo, SP

St. George, The Corinthians patron saint

Corinthians 2011 third kit, was burgundy colored & featured São Jorge slaughtering a dragon in a dark watermark across the right side of the chest. The utilization of São Jorge's image on the shirt is the practice of São Jorge's Prayer.

"...Oh, são 20 anos de espera. Mas meu São Jorge me dê forças, para poder um dia enfim, descontar meu sofrimento em quem riu de mim".
("... Oh, It's been 20 years of waiting, but my St. George gives me strength to be able to one day finally cashing in my suffering upon those who laughed at me.)"

Corinthians support for São Jorge became fanatical during the decade of the 60's, Between 1954 and 1977, Corinthians failed to add to its gallery of conquests and the Corinthian Nation lived the hardest moments of its history. While the stream struggled in the 60's, fan recanted that they were blessed by a "Santo Guerreiro" (Warrior Saint). In the early 60's the lack of success lingered in the minds of fans & gave birth to a utilization of the blessings of São Jorge. this caused Corinthians to erect a

Corinthians began as a small team for the lower classes of São Paulo, even though they obtained initial success. Lack of respect for the working class by forced Corinthians to leave their São Paulo State Football League in protest. after multiple championships Timão made its largest leap in prestige in the founding of a Corinthians' Headquarters, 1926. The creation of said headquarters became the first fusion of Timão & São Jorge. The land purchased for the headquarters was formerly Parque São Jorge (St. George Park) at 777 Rua São Jorge, Tatuapé, São Paulo, SP.[51]

An important symbol for Corinthians is Ogum God of War who serves the communities who believe in him. it is this warrior demeanor that made Corinthians fans indebted to São Jorge.

  • Saint George:

Corinthians had to show their bravery. As there was many other teams who coveted the spot in the Liga Paulista, Corinthians participated in a selective tournament against Minas Gerais and São Paulo, two other great teams of Paulista amateur football at that time. The Corinthian team beat Minas 1–0 and São Paulo 4–0, earning acceptance into the group and acquiring the right to participate in the Special Division of the Paulista League in the following year.

In 1913 most of the leading football clubs in São Paulo State founded the APEA (Paulista Athletic Sports Association). The depleted Paulista League was left with only Americano, Germania and Internacional, known as the "three musketeers" of São Paulo football. Corinthians joined the three as D'Artagnan, being the fourth and most adored musketeer, just like in Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers. To be accepted in that "musketeers universe",

Corinthians' official mascot is the Musketeer, a symbol of bravery, audacity and fighting spirit. The adoption of that character recalls the first years of the club.

  • Musketeer:
D'Artagnan, Corinthians Mascot

Symbols

Many of the Torcidas above have Sub-sedes (Branch Offices) established by fans living outside of São Paulo. Gavioes in particular has 10, 8 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Brasilia, & 1 International Japan. Camisa 12 with 8, 6 In-State, 2 Out-of-State Minas Gerais & Espírito Santo. Pavilhão Nove with 10, 9 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Mato Grosso do Sul. Estopim da Fiel with 10, 8 In-State, 2 Out-of-State Parana & Minas Gerais. Fiel Macabra with 6, 5 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Rio Grande do Sul. Coringão Chopp with 5, all in-state.

  • Regional/Local:

Over 6,000 members

Motto: "Torcer e Beber pelo Corinthians" (Drink & Root for Corinthians)
Coringão Chopp, Founded on October 14, 1989. This torcida's origins begin in the 1980s on a Greater São Paulo courtyard. The local was frequented by a group of friends who met casually to play street football & drink beers together after Corinthians games. In 1989, These friends decided frequent Corinthians matches as a unit, They began by going in separate cars. That year their group of friends grew, all them from Draught beer). After years of growth in membership, respect, & acceptance, the torcida moved out of the Courtyard & set up a headquarters in Diadema.[50]

  • Coringão Chopp:[49] (Draught Beer Corinthians)
Coringão Chopp (Litoral Division), Banner Reads: "os bebados que sobem a serra" (the drunks who climb the mountains)

Motto: "A Mais Fanática do Interior" (The Most Fanatical in the Interior)
Fiel Macabra, Founded on October 4, 1993 in Bauru, SP. This torcida was founded by a group of friends that regularly met in Bauru cafeteria. After its initial 3 years, it opened an official headquarter in Bauru, with 5 other offices following soon at the interior of São Paulo. With about 1,800 Members, it is the team's largest ultras in the interior of São Paulo.

  • Fiel Macabra:[48] (Macabre Faithful)

Motto: "Raça e Atitude" (Bravery & Demeanor)

  • Estopim da Fiel:[47] (The Faithful's Fuse)

Over 12,000 members

[46] It was founded on September 9, 1990 by nine Timão fans in honor of the team Football Carandiru House of Detention. The symbol adopted was from the Disney Cartoon
Motto: "Preso por uma só Paixão" (Incarcerated by a single passion)

  • Pavilhão Nove:[45] (The Pavilion Nine)

Over 15,000 members

Motto: "O Jogador das arquibancadas" (The player of the terraces)
Camisa 12 was founded in August 1971, the non-politicized offshoot of Gaviões da Fiel. The greatest moment for the torcida came in 1976, during "Invasão Corintiana", in a memorable semi-final against Fluminense, Camisa 12 actively participated. When Over 70,000 Corinthians fans from São Paulo made the 280 mile trip to Rio da Janeiro's Maracana Stadium with scores of Flags, Banners, & Percussion Ensembles. The attendance for that match was 147,000+.[44]

  • Camisa 12:[43] (The 12th Shirt)
Organized Fans of Corinthians, at an away match in Florianopolis, SC

Currently, the torcida has 97,177 members (January 14, 2013), The largest Organized Torcida in Brazil.[42]

Motto: "Lealdade, Humildade e Procedimento" (Loyalty, Humility & Procedure)
Gaviões da Fiel was founded on 1 July 1969, but its ideology began to be thought of before. In 1965, young Corinthians fans gathered in the stands in order to question the political and administrative life of the Corinthians. The members gathered in different locations, members homes, workplaces, & public squares. This group was distinguished by a passion for the club and have characteristics idealizing and fulfilling. The foundation of Gaviões, on 1 July 1969, came during a bleak time for Brazilians, amidst the military dictatorship. At a time when freedom of expression was virtually nonexistent, these young fans began to attempt recover political and administrative control of Corinthians. The Corinthians were under the administration of Wadih Helu, who for years tried to prevent the creation of the Gaviões through several reprisals. This persecution was not enough to make them give up and gradually his ideas were maturing. "I had decided that the name of the club should contain faithful, as well as the fans were already known to the Corinthians that even after 15 years without winning a single title, crowds took to the stage." What was simply an utopia of young lovers and revolutionary thoughts turned into reality: Gaviões da Fiel was born. However, the persecution of the managers of the Corinthians is not over. There were many attempts to escape the ideas of these young people. However, in 1972, Wadih plate Helu lost the election to Miguel Martinez, who took command of the Corinthians. The Hawks of the Faithful attempted unprecedented act in its history: the overthrow of a Military Dictator took precedence over the Timão. Miguel Martinez, even though it was supported by the Hawks of the Faithful, tried to influence its founders, so that they would not pressure the new administration of the club and not put into practice some of their politically revolutionary ideas. In July 1971, the Gaviões underwent its first political crisis, as one of the founders accepted the proposal of the Corinthians to leave Gavioes da Fiel & create a more moderate / Non-Politicized Torcida. Like everything that involves the Corinthians and passion of its fans, the Hawks of the Faithful loomed up and multiplied, rapidly assuming the position of the largest organized supporters of Brazil. The attitude of these young people began to increasingly disturbing the Dictatorship, especially when the Hawks of the Faithful had spoken publicly against the military dictatorship, displaying a banner in a match at Morumbi asking for “Anistia ampla, geral e irrestrita” (Widespread amnesty, blatant & unrestricted). This protest led to the conviction of then Gaviões president, being the first public entity to openly manifest itself against the regime.

  • Gaviões da Fiel:[41] (Hawks of the Faithful)

Torcidas organizadas

Fans being famous for being passionate about the team and loyal supporters motivated the club to make a tribute documentary to their fans, named "Faithful" (pt / Fiel), highlighting the fans' support in one of the most difficult moments in the club's history: the relegation to national second division in 2007. Similar initiatives would be made in the next years, reflecting other moments in the club's history in that the fanbase was essential.

The Corinthians fanbase is fondly called the "Faithful", starring memorable moments like the "Corinthian Invasion" (pt / Invasão Corinthiana) in 1976, when more than 70,000 Corinthians Fans traveled from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro to watch the match against Fluminense at Maracana Stadium, in that year's national championship semifinals, as well as having one of the biggest average attendances in the country.

The Flag of The República Popular do Corinthians.

Fiel

Supporters

Club culture

Mini-gym, Courts with approval of FIBA (basketball) and FIVB (volleyball) for official games, outdoor pool, BBQ, & a tennis court.

  • External Space:

For individual Prayer

  • Team Chapel:

Seats over 100 Media Officials

  • Press Room:

or Centro de Preparação e Reabilitação Osmar da Oliveira (Center for Preparation & Rehabilitation). Gym, physical therapy rooms, heated pools and locker rooms.

  • CePROO:[40]

an in-house bio-mechanics complex for the main purpose of injury prevention. Machines measure the contact force and velocity of the joints in running, jumping and kicking. Also measured, The force & reaction timing of players during acceleration and deceleration, as well as analysis of how their effort may adversely affects their joints and muscles.

  • Laboratório Corinthians-R9:[39]

Office of Technology & Statistics; Office of the Logistics Supervisor; a Large shared Multi-Purpose office for Security, Communications & TV Corinthians, & Administrative meeting room

  • Annex:

There are 32 Bedrooms in Hotel CT Joaquim Grava; 2 players per room during Pre-Season, 1 to a room while in Season. The auditorium in the hotel allows for Lectures & Team meetings. The hotel restaurant seats 60. The hotel is complete with physiotherapy and massage rooms ; offices for the president and the Board of directors, offices for hotel administration, a Locker Room for the visiting team, games rooms, an internet café and a reading room.

  • Hotel:

CT Joaquim Grava

Training facility

After Estádio do Morumbi, then named as the city's host in the World Cup, failed to comply to FIFA's standards, a new project to create a home for Corinthians emerged as a possibility. In August 2010 the president of CBF, Ricardo Teixeira, along with Governor of São Paulo state, Alberto Goldman, and the mayor of São Paulo, Gilberto Kassab announced that the opening ceremony of the World Cup of Brazil would be held in the New Corinthians Stadium to be built in the district of Itaquera, in the eastern part of São Paulo city.[37][38]

In 2009 there were some conjectures that the government of São Paulo could make a deal for a 30-year allotment of Pacaembu, but it never materialized, even though it was the club's directors preference, with projects designed to that matter.

Arena Corinthians

Former partner group HTMF bought land in the Raposo Tavares Highway in the late 1990s for the stadium construction, but the partnership ended soon after that.

The Pacaembu was opened as the largest stadium in the Latin America, with capacity for 70,000 people.[34] In 1942, little more than 70,000 people came to the stadium to watch the match between Corinthians and São Paulo, in particular by the attacker Leonidas da Silva, idol-Pauline and are considered the best Brazilian player in his time.[35] The game ended tied at 3–3 and the public was never beaten that game at the stadium. Currently, the Pacaembu has capacity for up to 40,000 spectators.[36]

With the growing number of fans, Corinthians began operating in major stadiums, in particular, the club has established a relationship with Paulo Machado de Carvalho Stadium, which belongs to the municipality of São Paulo and is best known as Pacaembu Stadium.[34] Some 50,000 fans attended the inauguration of the stadium on April 28 of 1940. The primary pitted Palestra Italia and Coritiba. Then, the game between Corinthians background, then current three-time champion São Paulo, and Atlético Mineiro, Corinthians won by 4–2.[34]

  • Pacaembu

[32]

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