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Sporting Cristal

Sporting Cristal
Full name Club Sporting Cristal
Nickname(s) Los Cerveceros, Los Rimenses, Los Celestes, La Fuerza Vencedora, La Máquina Celeste
Founded December 13, 1955
Ground Estadio Alberto Gallardo,
Lima
Ground Capacity 15,000
President Felipe Cantuarias
Manager Daniel Ahmed
League Primera División Peruana
2014 1st (Champions)
Website Club home page

Club Sporting Cristal is a Peruvian football team. Based in the Rímac District, in the department of Lima, it plays in the professional league known as the Peruvian First Division. Sporting Cristal has won the league title 17 times, and it is the Peruvian team with the third most National titles. All its titles have been won in the professional era.

It is one of the most popular football teams in Peru, along with Universitario de Deportes and Alianza Lima; it is the youngest of the three. In 1997, it became the second Peruvian football club to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores, an international competition.

Sporting Cristal plays home games at the Estadio Alberto Gallardo, but they also play at the Estadio Nacional. They also use the Estadio Nacional when playing international competitions, such as Copa Libertadores.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Rivalries 2
  • Supporters 3
  • Players 4
    • Current squad 4.1
  • Notable players 5
    • Top Goalscorers in First Division 5.1
  • Presidential history 6
  • Managerial History 7
  • Honours 8
    • National 8.1
    • International 8.2
    • Friendly International 8.3
    • Under-20 team 8.4
  • Performance in CONMEBOL competitions 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Ricardo Bentín Mujica, with the support of his wife, co-owners of Backus and Johnston brewery, was the man who is credited with achieving the company's goal. A club from Rímac ward, known as Sporting Tabaco founded in 1926 and originally belonging to the tobacco growers' union, was already playing in the professional Peruvian First Division. Never having won a national championship, the club was in dire economic straits. Bentín decided to buy the club and search for a playing ground, so that the club could develop and be able to play better at the professional level. The club found a lot in the neighborhood of La Florida of 137,000 m².

On December 13, 1955 the club was founded as Sporting Cristal , after Backus' best-known beer brand, Cristal. The new club from Rímac ward debuted in 1956 in the professional Primera Division and won their first national title that same year. Journalists thus called them the club born a champion (nació campeon). The team managed to win more titles over the years and was known as one of the best football clubs in Peru after Universitario de Deportes and Alianza Lima. A few years later, the club eliminated the word Backus from their name to demonstrate their economic independence.

Sporting Cristal changed its shirt color from blue to light blue. They are known as "Los Celestes". During a brief period between 1978 and 1981, they again used blue shirts. In 1982 they returned to light blue as the color of the club.

The 1990s was the most succeful decade, 4 national titles (3 in a row) with coaches as Juan Carlos Oblitas, Cristal won 1991, 1994 and 1995 domestic league. And with Sergio Markarián head coach they won 1996 league. By 1997, the team, led by Uruguayan coach Sergio Markarián, reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores, where they faced the Brazilian club Cruzeiro. The first leg was a home game, in which they ended in a scoreless draw; in the second leg, they lost 1–0. This is the closest a Peruvian team has come to the Copa Libertadores Final since 1972, when Universitario had a similar fate playing against Independiente.

The club stayed on the top spots of the national tournament during most of the 2000s and gained qualification to the Luis Alberto Bonnet. During the 2007, Cristal would come four points away from relegation. It would make a comeback during the 2008 season and qualify to the Copa Libertadores once again.

In 2009, the Peruvian First Division would change the tournament structured which caused Sporting Cristal to have mediocre results for the next few years into the new decade. After a seven year dry spell it would become the national champion once more during the 2012 season when it defeated Real Garcilaso in the finals. They qualified to the 2013 Copa Libertadores where they did not pass the tournament's group stage. In the 2013 season, they played on the same liguilla as Real Garcilazo and fought for a place in the final up to the last match of the season in which they finished third and qualified for the 2014 Copa Libertadores once more.

Rivalries

Sporting Cristal has had longstanding rivalries with Universitario, Alianza Lima, Deportivo Municipal, and Sport Boys.

Supporters

Cristal has three ultras or barra bravas known as Extremo Celeste, Fverza Oriente Gvardia Xtrema. Fverza Oriente was the first ultra of Cristal, founded in 1975. They are located on eastern grandstand of the stadiums. Extremo Celeste was formed in 1991 when a group of young fans from Fuerza Oriente decided to form a new group for young energetic supporters. Extremo Celeste has become one of the biggest barras bravas in Peru. And in 2007 a smaller third ultra was created in the western grandstand to support the team. Son Cristal had supporters on every grandstand on Estadio Alberto Gallardo.

Players

Current squad

As of 17 February 2015.[1]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
1 GK Diego Penny
2 DF Alexis Cossio
3 DF Luis Rivas
4 MF Adan Balbín
5 MF Pedro Aquino
6 MF Carlo Urquiaga
7 MF Horacio Calcaterra
8 FW Jairsinho Gonzales
9 FW César Pereyra (on loan from Club Atlético Belgrano)
10 MF Renzo Sheput
11 FW Irven Ávila
12 GK Alexander Araujo
13 DF Renzo Revoredo
14 DF Elsar Rodas
16 DF Brian Bernaola
No. Position Player
17 MF Diego Manicero
18 FW Santiago Rebagliati
19 FW Joazinho Arroé
20 FW Sergio Blanco
21 MF Josepmir Ballón
22 DF Matías Martínez (on loan from Club Atlético Lanús)
23 MF Jorge Cazulo
24 DF Josué Estrada
25 MF Paolo de la Haza
26 GK Carlos Grados
27 MF Carlos Lobatón
28 MF Edinson Chávez
29 MF Luis Abram
30 FW Luiz da Silva
31 MF José Gómez

Notable players

*Naturalized Peruvians

Top Goalscorers in First Division

Year Player Goals Nationality
1961 Alberto Gallardo 18
1962 Alberto Gallardo 22
1980 Oswaldo Ramírez 18
1983 Juan Caballero 29
1991 Raúl Horacio Baldessari 25
1994 Flavio Maestri 25
1995 Julinho 23
1998 Nilson Esidio 25
2003 Luis Alberto Bonnet 20
2008 Miguel Ximénez 32

Presidential history

 
Name Years
Blas Loredo Bascones 1956–59
Alfonso Raul Villegas 1960–63
Augusto Moral Santisteban 1964
Cesar Freundt 1965
Augusto Galvez Velarde 1966–71
Josue Grande Fernandez 1972–79
Jaime Noriega Zegarra 1980–88
 
Name Years
Federico Cuneo De La Pierda 1989–93
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 1994–95
Alfonso Grados Carraro 1996–99
Francisco Lombardi Oyarzub 2000–01
Jaime Noriega Bentin 2002–04
François Mujica Serelle 2005–10
Felipe Cantuarias Salaverry 2011–14
Federico Cuneo De La Pierda 2014–

Managerial History

 
Years Nationality Name
1956–58 Luis Tirado
1958–59 César Viccino
1960 Carlos Peucelle
1960 Víctor Pasache
1961–62 Juan Honores
1962 Víctor Pasache
1962–64 Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1964–66 Alberto "Toto" Terry
1966 Yaldo Barbalho
1967–69 Waldir Pereira "Didí"
1969 Víctor Pasache
1969–70 Vito Andrés "Sabino" Bártoli
1971 Rudi Gutendorf
1972–74 Marcos Calderón
1974 Rafael Asca
1974–75 Eloy Campos
1976 Juan Honores
1976 Víctor Pasache
1976–77 Diego Agurto
1977 Alberto Gallardo
1977–78 Roque Máspoli
1978 Alberto Gallardo
1978–79 José Fernández
1979–81 Marcos Calderón
1981–82 Alberto Gallardo
1982–83 César Cubilla
1984 José Chiarella
1985 Alberto Gallardo
1985 José del Castillo
1985–86 Héctor Chumpitaz
1987–88 Miguel Company
1988 Óscar Montalvo
1988–89 Alberto Gallardo
 
Years Nationality Name
1989–90
Oscar López
Oscar Cavallero
1990 Fernando Mellán
1990 Eugenio Jara
1990–92 Juan Carlos Oblitas
1993 José Carlos Amaral
1993–95 Juan Carlos Oblitas
1996 José Luis Carbone
1996 Roberto Mosquera
1996–97 Sergio Markarián
1997–98 Miguel Ángel Arrué
1998 Luis García
1998–99 Franco Navarro
1999 Rodolfo Motta
1999–01 Juan Carlos Oblitas
2001 Horacio Magalhaes
Jan 1, 2002 – Dec 31, 2002 Paulo Autuori
2003 Renê Weber
2003–04 Wilmar Valencia
2004 Eduardo Asca
2004–05 Edgardo Bauza
May 22, 2005 – Dec 17, 2006 José del Solar
Jan 1, 2007 – May 5, 2007 Jorge Sampaoli
2007 Walter Fiori
July 1, 2007 – Dec 31, 2009 Juan Carlos Oblitas
Jan 1, 2010 – Dec 9, 2010 Víctor Rivera
Dec 21, 2010 – April 19, 2011 Guillermo Rivarola
April 20, 2011 – Nov 23, 2011 Juan Reynoso
Nov 23, 2011 – Dec 31, 2011 Francisco Melgar
Jan 1, 2012 – Aug 7, 2013 Roberto Mosquera
Aug 7, 2013 – Aug 18, 2013 Francisco Melgar (int.)
Aug 18, 2013 – Dec 19, 2013 Claudio Vivas
Jan 1, 2014– Daniel Ahmed

Honours

National

Winners (17): 1956, 1961, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2002, 2005, 2012, 2014
Runner-up (12): 1962, 1963, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1989, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2004
Winners (3): 1994, 2003, 2015
Runner-up (4): 1997, 2001, 2006, 2008
Winners (5): 1998, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2014
Runner-up (2): 2000, 2008
Winners (3): 1989-I, 1991-I, 1991-I
Winners (1): 1982

International

Runner-up (1): 1997

Friendly International

Winners (2): 2001, 2006
Runner-up (1): 2002-II
Winners (1): 1988

Under-20 team

Runner-up (1): 2014 Torneo del Inca

Performance in CONMEBOL competitions

Runners-up (1): 1997
1962, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014
1994: Quarter-Finals
1998: First Round
1999: First Round
2000: First Round
2001: First Round
2012: Group Stage

References

  1. ^ "Club Sporting Cristal – Plantel Profesional 2015". Club Sporting Cristal. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 

External links

  • Sporting Cristal Official Club Website
  • Sporting Cristal's channel on YouTube
  • Sporting Cristal on Facebook
  • Sporting Cristal on Twitter
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