World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Superintendent (education)

Article Id: WHEBN0003627272
Reproduction Date:

Title: Superintendent (education)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Michael Bennet, Clara Antoinette McCarty Wilt, Po Kya, New Jersey School Report Card, Williamson Central School District
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Superintendent (education)

In the public educational system of the United States, a superintendent of schools, also known in many states as a chief school administrator, is a person who has executive and administrative responsibilities, usually within a local educational entity or organization.

United States

In the United States there are many variations in public school systems from state to state. Every state constitution has language requiring a state-supported system of public education. Education comes within states' rights so, while there are many similarities among public school education systems from state to state, there are also differences.

State level
Many state departments of education in the United States refer to their state-level chief education officer/administrator as "Superintendent." However, also common are the titles "commissioner" and "secretary." In most states the state-level education administrator is appointed, but some states select the official by statewide election.
District level
Depending on the state in which they serve, a public school superintendent might be referred to as "chief education officer" or "chief executive officer" (although the title as used in education does not have legal meaning).[1] The most common title is "Superintendent of Schools." Generally, public school district superintendents have administrative oversight of the students, public schools, and educational services within the geographic area (school district) identified by state law. School district superintendents are hired by a school board of a local school district.

In many states superintendents of schools are members on the board of education (school board) of their school district, but they usually cannot vote as members of the board. In most states, superintendents of schools are required to hold a "certification" issued by the state in which they work. State certification is typically earned by completing a course of study prescribed by the state, usually 60 graduate hours above the bachelor degree and an internship. While not required by any state, many school boards prefer that their superintendents hold a doctoral degree. Most superintendents are hired by contract with the board of education (or board of trustees). The board of education is the governing (policy making) entity of the school district. The board of education is composed of elected (or appointed) officials from the communities the school district serves.

Other countries

The term "superintendent" is rarely used for education in the United Kingdom (possibly to avoid confusion with the police rank); in most local education authorities the equivalent title is Chief Education Officer. According to the history of Newcastle High School (published in 1985), when in 1885 the Church Schools Company took over a school to form Newcastle High School, later Newcastle upon Tyne Church High School, the mistress of the former school was briefly considered for the post of Lady Superintendent, below the headmistress.

The Ontario's education system equivalence is the Director of Education, which was also used in Hong Kong but it fell into disuse in 2003.

See also

References

  1. ^ Cornell Law Library
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.