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Tallahatchie County, Mississippi

 

Tallahatchie County, Mississippi

Tallahatchie County, Mississippi
Tallahatchie County courthouse in Sumner
Map of Mississippi highlighting Tallahatchie County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1833
Seat Charleston and Sumner
Largest city Charleston
Area
 • Total 652 sq mi (1,689 km2)
 • Land 645 sq mi (1,671 km2)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 15,378
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Tallahatchie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,378.[1] Its county seats are Charleston and Sumner.[2]

Tallahatchie County is located in the Mississippi Delta region.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
  • Education 5
  • Communities 6
    • City 6.1
    • Towns 6.2
    • Village 6.3
    • Unincorporated communities 6.4
    • Ghost towns 6.5
  • See also 7
  • References 8

History

The county was founded on December 31, 1833 after Indian Removal. Tallahatchie is a Choctaw name meaning "rock of waters". The county is one of ten in Mississippi with two county seats, Charleston and Sumner. Charleston was the first county seat and Sumner was organized later in 1872.

Charleston was founded in 1837, but its history antedates that. A settlement of five communities had grown up along the forks of Tillatoba Creek.

In 1833 the land was opened for settlement after the Choctaw were relocated to Indian Territory west of the Mississipi River, in what is now Oklahoma. There were only Indian trails at the time. Most of the settlers entered the county over what was called Charley's Trace, an Indian trail that came across from the Mississippi river and entered the hills about where Leverett is now located. Here the trail merged with a trail from the south and passed near the present site of Charleston.

Colonel Thomas Bailey came from Kentucky and formed the first settlement on the north fork of the creek which was about five miles to the northeast. He was later joined by James Bailey, Samuel Caruthers, William Flemming, M. Johnson, Willam Kendrick, Robert Thrasher, A. Patterson, and Kinchen Mayo, who extended the settlement along the creek toward the Junction. Another settlement was started by the Priddys, the J. Houstons, Cade Alford and the Carson family who extended the settlement along the creek to the junction of three forks.

DeKalb and Tillatoba were founded on the north fork of the creek just west of the present town. Both towns wanted to be county seat of Tallahatchie, and Tillatoba succeeded. In 1837 the Board of Police found it necessary to abandon Tillatoba. There was a section of unsettled land in the heart of the first five settlements. This section of land had been granted to Greenwood LeFlore, the leading Choctaw chief, under the terms of the Dancing Rabbit Treaty of 1830 by which the Choctaw people ceded most of their land in the area.

J.S. Topp & Co. had acquired this section of land and proposed to build the town of Charleston (named for Charleston, South Carolina) and designated this as the permanent county seat. In 1843 the county seat fight flared up again. The board voted to abandon Charleston, but Mr. Steel, the president of the Board of Police, refused to sign the minutes which killed the rally.

J.B. Sumner moved to this section in 1872 and founded what is now Sumner. The present site was a dense forest. He donated land for the railroad right-of-way, railroad park, courthouse square and jail lot. The next year Presbyterians erected Maria Church. From 1882 through 1884 disastrous floods and overflows of the river forced the people of Sumner to go by boat to Webb (which was at the time called Hood) for their supplies. A post office was established in 1885, and the town incorporated in 1900.

The first court house was built in 1902 and destroyed by fire in 1908. The records were saved, but in 1909 the entire business section of the town burned, and all records were destroyed. From 1931 through 1933 there were overflows which inundated thousands of acres of farmland and destroyed much property.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 652 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 645 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (1.1%) is water.[3] The county is intersected by the Tallahatchie River.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,378 people residing in the county. 56.4% were Black or African American, 38.9% White, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% of some other race and 1.2% of two or more races. 5.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 14,903 people, 5,263 households, and 3,826 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,711 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 39.62% White, 59.43% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,263 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.50% were married couples living together, 23.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 87.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,229, and the median income for a family was $26,509. Males had a median income of $24,766 versus $18,972 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,749. About 26.80% of families and 32.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.80% of those under age 18 and 27.80% of those age 65 or over.

Tallahatchie County has the fourth lowest per capita income in Mississippi and the 46th lowest in the United States.

Government and infrastructure

Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility, a private prison operated by the Corrections Corporation of America on behalf of the Mississippi Department of Corrections, is located in an unincorporated area in the county, near Tutwiler.[11][12] As of 2010 the prison serves as the Tallahatchie County's jail facility, in addition to housing prison inmates sentenced in California.[13]

Education

Communities

City

Towns

Village

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
  4. ^  "Tallahatchie, a N. W. county of Mississippi".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ "Tutwiler town, Mississippi." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "Five Private Prisons." Mississippi Department of Corrections. Retrieved on October 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility." (Archive of later date) Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved on October 15, 2010.

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