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Trichomonas

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Title: Trichomonas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Trichomonas gallinae, Trichomonas vaginalis, Excavate, Vaginal infections, Strawberry cervix
Collection: Metamonads, Protist Genera
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Trichomonas

Trichomonas
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Excavata
Phylum: Metamonada
Class: Parabasalia
Order: Trichomonadida
Family: Trichomonadidae
Genus: Trichomonas

Trichomonas is a genus of anaerobic protists that are parasites of vertebrates. They are included with the Parabasalids,

Species of Trichomonas include:

  • Trichomonas vaginalis, an organism generally living inside the human urinogenital tract.
  • Trichomonas gallinae, which infects birds, causing canker in pigeons and doves, and frounce in raptors. Frounce-like lesions found in the fossil jaws of tyrannosaurid dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex were probably caused by a parasite similar to Trichomonas gallinae.[1]
  • Trichomonas tenax, an organism found in the oral cavity of humans, cats, and dogs
  • Trichomonas termopsidis, found in termite guts[2]
Restoration of a Tyrannosaurus with Trichomonas-like infections.

References

  1. ^ Wolff, E.D.S., Salisbury, S.W., Horner J.R., & Varricchio D.J. (2009). Hansen, Dennis Marinus, ed. "Common Avian Infection Plagued the Tyrant Dinosaurs". PLoS ONE 4 (9): e7288.  
  2. ^ "Kingdom Protista". Biology 1AL Laboratory Manual. UC Berkeley. Fall 2011. p. 42. 

External links

  • General info
  • Trichomonas gallinae
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