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Twenty-first United States Congress

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Title: Twenty-first United States Congress  
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Twenty-first United States Congress

"21st Congress" redirects here. For the Soviet Congress, see 21st Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
21st United States Congress
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1831

Senate President: John C. Calhoun
Senate Pres. pro tem: Samuel Smith
House Speaker: Andrew Stevenson
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st[1]: December 7, 1829 – May 31, 1830
2nd: December 6, 1830 – March 3, 1831
Special (Senate): March 4, 1829 – March 17, 1829
<20th 22nd>

The Twenty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1831, during the first two years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: Major legislation: 21st United States Congress
  • May 28, 1830: 411

Not enacted

Treaties

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership


Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1830.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate |- | Georgia
(3) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John M. Berrien (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 9, 1829 after being appointed US Attorney General | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Forsyth (J) | Installed November 9, 1829 |- | North Carolina
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Branch(J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 9, 1829 after being appointed US Secretary of the Navy | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Bedford Brown (J) | Installed December 9, 1829 |- | Tennessee
(1) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John Eaton(J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 9, 1829 after being appointed US Secretary of War | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Felix Grundy (J) | Installed October 19, 1829 |- | Delaware
(1) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Louis McLane (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 29, 1829 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Arnold Naudain (AJ) | Installed January 7, 1830 |- | Mississippi
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Thomas B. Reed(J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 26, 1829 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert H. Adams (J) | Installed January 6, 1830 |- | Mississippi
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert H. Adams(J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 2, 1830 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George Poindexter (J) | Installed October 15, 1830 |- | Illinois
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John McLean (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 14, 1830 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | David J. Baker (J) | Installed November 12, 1830 |- | Illinois
(2) | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | David J. Baker (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected December 11, 1830 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John M. Robinson (J) | Installed December 11, 1830 |- | Indiana
(1) | style="background:#FFE6B0" | James Noble (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 26, 1831 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |}

House of Representatives

Total seats with changes: 15


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep |- | Maine
4th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Peleg Sprague resigned in previous Congress | style="background:#FFE6B0" | George Evans (AJ) | Seated July 20, 1829 |- | Pennsylvania
16th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | William Wilkins resigned before qualifying | style="background:#FFFF99" | Harmar Denny (AM) | Seated December 15, 1829 |- | Pennsylvania
8th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George Wolf (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned in 1829 before the convening of Congress | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Samuel A. Smith (J) | Seated October 13, 1829 |- | Pennsylvania
8th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Samuel D. Ingham (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned in 1829 before the convening of Congress after being appointed Secretary of the Treasury | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Peter Ihrie, Jr. (J) | Seated October 13, 1829 |- | Virginia
10th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William C. Rives (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned some time in 1829 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | William F. Gordon (J) | Seated January 25, 1830 |- | North Carolina
5th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Gabriel Holmes (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 26, 1829 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Edward B. Dudley (J) | Seated November 10, 1829 |- | New York
20th
| style="background:#FFE6B0" | George Fisher (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election February 5, 1830 to Silas Wright who in turn failed to qualify | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Jonah Sanford (J) | Seated November 3, 1830 |- | Virginia
1st
| style="background:#FFE6B0" | Thomas Newton, Jr. (AJ) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election March 9, 1830 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | George Loyall (J) | Seated March 9, 1830 |- | Maine
5th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | James W. Ripley (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 12, 1830 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Cornelius Holland (J) | Seated December 6, 1830 |- | Ohio
11th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John M. Goodenow (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 9, 1830 after being appointed judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Humphrey H. Leavitt (J) | Seated December 6, 1830 |- | Virginia
22nd
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Alexander Smyth (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 17, 1830 | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Joseph Draper (J) | Seated December 6, 1830 |- | New York
6th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Hector Craig (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 12, 1830 | style="background:#FFE6B0" | Samuel W. Eager (AJ) | Seated November 2, 1830 |- | Virginia
11th
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Philip P. Barbour (J) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 15, 1830 after being appointed judge of US Circuit Court of the Eastern District of Virginia | style="background:Template:United States political party color" | John M. Patton (J) | Seated November 25, 1830 |- | New York
21st
| style="background:Template:United States political party color" | Robert Monell (J) | style="font-size:80%" |Resigned February 21, 1831 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Michigan Territory
At-large
| John Biddle | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 21, 1831 | Vacant | Not filled this term |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

From American Memory at the Library of Congress:

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress

Other U.S. government websites:

  • Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (1774–2005)
  • House History from the U.S. House of Representatives
  • Statistics and Lists from the U.S. Senate
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