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USS Evans (DD-552)

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Title: USS Evans (DD-552)  
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USS Evans (DD-552)

USS Evans (DD-552) in the Gulf of Mexico 1943
USS Evans (DD-552) in December 1943
History
United States
Namesake: Robley D. Evans
Builder: Gulf Shipbuilding Corporation, Chickasaw, Alabama
Laid down: 21 July 1941
Launched: 4 October 1942
Commissioned: 11 December 1943
Decommissioned: 7 November 1945
Struck: 28 November 1945
Fate: Sold for scrap, 11 February 1947
General characteristics
Class & type: Fletcher class destroyer
Displacement: 2,050 tons
Length: approx. 376 ft 4 in (114.7 m)
Beam: 39 ft 8 in (12.1 m)
Draft: 17 ft 9 in (5.4 m)
Propulsion:
  • 60,000 shp (45 MW)
  • 2 propellers
Speed: 35 knot (65 km/h)
Range: 6500 nmi @ 15 kn (12,000 km @ 28 km/h)
Complement: 273
Armament:

USS Evans (DD-552), a [[, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans (1846–1912).

Evans was launched on 4 October 1942 by Gulf Shipbuilding Co., Chickasaw, Alabama; sponsored by Mrs. C. E. Isherwood; and commissioned on 11 December 1943, Commander F. C. Camp in command.

Contents

  • Service history 1
  • Honors 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Service history

Evans reached Majuro on 29 March 1944 from Pearl Harbor and the East Coast, and after escorting Cimarron to a midocean fueling rendezvous, conducted independent antisubmarine patrols around Japanese-held atolls in the Marshall Islands until 13 May. After training in the Hawaiian Islands, she departed Pearl Harbor on 3 June to screen the fueling and aircraft replacement group supporting both the fast carrier task force and the carrier escort force during the assault and capture of Saipan which began on 15 June. She continued to screen this fueling group through the summer as the Marianas were won, returning to Eniwetok to replenish from time to time.

On 26 August 1944, Evans sailed from Eniwetok to screen the fueling and aircraft replacement group for the assault and occupation of the Palau Islands, and arriving at Ulithi on 30 October, served on patrol and escort duty there through 11 January 1945. After a special assignment to hunt submarines near Yap and to bombard that island, from 11 to 13 January, Evans sailed to Saipan, from which she screened transports to the landings on Iwo Jima on 19 February. She conducted shore bombardment and supported the troops ashore with harassing fire on Japanese positions, then screened escort carriers until 8 March, when she sailed to Ulithi.

Broadside view of Evans showing her battle damage upon arrival at the Mare Island Navy Yard on 28 July 1945.

Evans cleared Ulithi on 21 March 1945 to screen escort carriers in pre-invasion air strikes on Okinawa and served with them through the 1 April assault on the island, and until 2 May, when she put in to Kerama Retto. Eight days later, she got underway with Hugh W. Hadley for a radar picket station northwest of Okinawa. During the first night on station, 10–11 May, enemy planes were constantly in evidence; more than a hundred attacked the two destroyers and the two LCSs with them. Evans fought determinedly against this overwhelming assault, shooting down many of them, but in quick succession, four kamikazes struck her. Evans‍ '​ after engineering spaces flooded, and she lost power. Evans‍ '​ crew strove to save her, using portable fire extinguishers and bucket brigades. They succeeded, though 32 were killed and 27 wounded, and the ship was towed into Kerama Retto on 14 May for repairs. She was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for high gallantry and achievement.

After emergency repairs at Kerama Retto, Evans was towed to San Francisco, where she was decommissioned on 7 November, and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 28 November 1945. She was sold for scrap on 11 February 1947.

Honors

In addition to the Presidential Unit Citation, Evans received five battle stars for her World War II service.

References

External links

  • Evansnavsource.org: USS
  • Evanshazegray.org: USS
  • NHC Photos, USS Evans (DD-552)
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