USS Straus (DE-408)

Career (US)
Namesake: David H. Straus
Builder: Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Texas
Laid down: 18 November 1943
Launched: 30 December 1943
Commissioned: 6 April 1944
Decommissioned: 15 January 1947
Struck: 1 May 1966
Fate: sunk as target, August 1973
General characteristics
Class & type:
Displacement: 1,350 tons
Length: 306 ft (93 m)
Beam: 36 ft 8 in (11 m)
Draft: 9 ft 5 in (3 m)
Propulsion: 2 boilers, 2 geared turbine engines, 12,000 shp; 2 propellers
Speed: 24 knots (44 km/h)
Range: 6,000 nmi. (12,000 km) @ 12 kt
Complement: 14 officers, 201 enlisted
Armament: 2 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 guns (2×1)
4 × 40 mm AA guns (2×2)
10 × 20 mm AA guns (10×1)
3 × 21 in. torpedo tubes (1×3)
8 × depth charge projectors
1 × depth charge projector (hedgehog)
2 × depth charge tracks
For a ship with a similar name, see USS Joseph Strauss (DDG-16).

USS Straus (DE-408) was a acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War II. The primary purpose of the destroyer escort was to escort and protect ships in convoy, in addition to other tasks as assigned, such as patrol or radar picket. Post-war, she returned home proudly with three battle stars to her credit.

She was named in honor of Storekeeper Second Class David H. Straus, Jr. who was killed during the Battle of the Coral Sea. She was laid down on 18 November 1943 by the Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Texas; launched on 30 December 1943; sponsored by Mrs. David Straus; and commissioned on 6 April 1944, Lt. Comdr. D. A. Nienstedt in command.

World War II Atlantic Ocean operations

Straus was fitted out and held sea trials at Galveston, Texas, until 25 April when she sailed to Bermuda for her shakedown cruise. She then sailed to Boston, Massachusetts, for a post-shakedown overhaul from 28 May to 9 June. The ship arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, on 11 June and sailed for Panama the following week as an escort for USS Mississinewa (AO-59). The oiler loaded at Aruba, off Venezuela, on 23 and 24 June and continued to Panama. On the evening of the 24th, the escort attacked a sound contact with depth charges and hedgehogs. Oil slicks and bubbles rose to the surface, but Straus had to break off the attack to rejoin Mississinewa. Straus left the oiler at Cristóbal and transited the Panama Canal on 26 June to sail independently to California.

Transfer to the Pacific Fleet

Straus stopped at San Diego, California, for voyage repairs from 6 to 9 July and then sailed westward, arriving at Pearl Harbor on the 16th. Eight days later, she sailed for the Marshall Islands. The destroyer escort arrived at Eniwetok on 2 August and was assigned to the convoy screen which sailed three days later for the Marianas and arrived off Saipan on 10 August. Straus was assigned to local antisubmarine patrol. On the 13th, she rescued two U.S. Army airmen from a piece of driftwood and put them ashore. From 14 August to 14 September, Straus escorted convoys between Eniwetok and Guam. On the latter date, the ship was assigned to the U.S. 3rd Fleet.

Rescuing Japanese adrift at sea

Straus stood out of Apra Harbor, Guam, on 17 September with a replenishment unit to join the main logistics group, Task Group (TG) 30.8, that was supporting the fast carriers of Task Force (TF) 38. The ship was detached from the screen on the 23d to investigate a life raft reported west of Cocos Island. She found a raft carrying three Japanese Army officers and two enlisted men. A boat was dispatched to tow the raft to the ship. Before the boat reached the raft, the two enlisted men had committed suicide. The other three surrendered peacefully, after one was disarmed of a hand grenade. The next day, Straus steamed for a rendezvous with the 3d Fleet for refueling and replenishment operations, after which her unit returned to Saipan. She sailed for Eniwetok on 1 October; and, upon her arrival three days later, she resumed convoy duty.

Intercepting infiltrating swimmers

Straus sailed with a Ulithi-bound convoy on 8 October and arrived five days later. She became station ship for the Commander, Western Carolines, Patrol and Escort Group. The DE moved to the Palau Islands, on 15 November, with her division, Escort Division 65, and was assigned to the screen around Peleliu and Angaur. On the 18th, a report was received that enemy swimmers were moving from Eli Malk Island, under cover of darkness, toward Peleliu. Straus provided starshell illumination while a landing craft flotilla attacked the swimmers with machine guns and eliminated them. The ship returned to Ulithi on the 26th, and resumed her former duties until March 1945 when she was attached to the U.S. 5th Fleet.

Straus departed Ulithi on 26 March with a task unit en route to rendezvous with task group TG 50.8, the main logistics group that was refueling and replenishing the fast carriers during the Okinawa operations. She remained with the group until 26 June. Two days later, she sailed from Ulithi with a convoy en route to Okinawa. The ships arrived on 2 July, and Straus was assigned to antisubmarine patrol. The DE continued operating in the Okinawa area after the cessation of hostilities with Japan.

End-of-war operations

On 19 September, she sailed with TF 55 for Japan and arrived at Sasebo the following day. The force consisted of a cruiser accompanied by five destroyers to provide a show of force before occupation forces arrived.

Straus was detached before the amphibious forces arrived to join two aircraft carriers that were steaming off Kyūshū with ready air support in case the Japanese offered resistance. She returned to Sasebo on the 25th and remained there until 15 October when she weighed anchor for the United States. After port calls at Saipan and Pearl Harbor, the destroyer escort arrived at San Diego on 5 November 1945 to begin inactivation.

Post-war decommissioning

Straus remained inactive at the Naval Repair Base until 15 January 1947 when she was decommissioned and attached to the San Diego Group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet. Straus was struck from the Navy List on 1 May 1966 and used as a target in August 1973.

Awards

Straus received three battle stars for World War II service.

References

  • This article incorporates text from the here.

External links

  • NavSource Online: Destroyer Escort Photo Archive - USS Straus (DE-408)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.