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United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce

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United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce

Mobster Frank Costello testifying before the Kefauver Committee.

The United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce was a state borders in the United States. The committee became popularly known as the Kefauver Committee because of its chairman, Senator Estes Kefauver.[1]

Contents

  • Genesis of the committee 1
  • Committee work and history 2
  • Leadership 3
  • In public culture 4
  • Footnotes 5
  • Bibliography 6

Genesis of the committee

Organized crime was the subject of a large number of widely read articles in several major labor racketeering.[2]

On January 5, 1950, Senator Estes Kefauver (

  • Batista, Paul A. Civil RICO Practice Manual. Frederick, Md.: Aspen Publishers, 2008.
  • Beare, Margaret E. Critical Reflections on Transnational Organized Crime, Money Laundering, and Corruption. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.
  • Fontenay, Charles. Estes Kefauver: A Biography. Paperback ed. Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, 1991.
  • Friedman, John S. The Secret Histories: Hidden Truths That Challenged the Past and Changed the World. New York: Picador, 2005.
  • Hughes, Howard. Crime Wave: The Filmgoers' Guide to the Great Crime Movies. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
  • Kaiser, David E. The Road to Dallas: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2008.
  • Larke-Walsh, George S. (2010). Screening the Mafia: Masculinity, Ethnicity and Mobsters From 'The Godfather' to 'The Sopranos'. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co.  
  • Larson, Calvin J. and Garrett, Gerald R. Crime, Justice and Society. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Alta Mira, 2003.
  • Shanty, Frank. Organized Crime: From Trafficking to Terrorism. Santa Barbara, Calif." ABC-CLIO, 2008.
  • Thompson, William Norman. Gambling in America: An Encyclopedia of History, Issues, and Society. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

Bibliography

  1. ^ a b c d Friedman, The Secret Histories: Hidden Truths That Challenged the Past and Changed the World, 2005, p. 151.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k National Archives and Records Administration, 1989.Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States: Bicentennial Edition,"Records of Senate Select and Special Committees, 1789-1988," In
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Thompson, Gambling in America: An Encyclopedia of History, Issues, and Society, 2001, p. 207.
  4. ^ a b c Shanty, Organized Crime: From Trafficking to Terrorism, 2008, p. 22.
  5. ^ a b c Larson and Garrett, Crime, Justice and Society, 2003, p. 152.
  6. ^ Hughes, Crime Wave: The Filmgoers' Guide to the Great Crime Movies, 2006, p. 147.
  7. ^ Fontenay, Estes Kefauver: A Biography, 1991, p. 171.
  8. ^ Kaiser, The Road to Dallas: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, 2008, p. 12.
  9. ^ a b Beare, Critical Reflections on Transnational Organized Crime, Money Laundering, and Corruption, 2003, p. 19.
  10. ^ a b Batista, Civil RICO Practice Manual, 2008, p. 2–14.
  11. ^ http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/investigations/Kefauver.htm
  12. ^ Spicer, Andrew (2010). Historical Dictionary of Film Noir. Scarecrow Press. pp. 47–48.  
  13. ^ Dickos, Andrew (2002). Street with No Name: A History of the Classic American Film Noir. The University Press of Kentucky. pp. 203–206.  
  14. ^ film article"The Captive City". at tcm.com. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  15. ^ Larke-Walsh 2010, p. 151.

Footnotes

A fictionalized version of the Senate hearings is a central plot device in The Godfather Part II, featuring testimony by Michael Corleone, now the head of his eponymous crime family, and disgruntled Family caporegime Frank Pentangeli.[15]

(1952). The Turning Point (1952) and Hoodlum Empire Other notable examples of exposé films inspired by the hearings include [14] The first one of these was [13][12] The tremendous success of the broadcast led to the production of a cycle of "exposé" crime films dealing with the dismantling of complex criminal organizations by law enforcement.[11] The television broadcast of the committee's hearings attracted huge public interest and educated a broad audience about the issues of municipal corruption and organized crime. An estimated 30 million Americans tuned in to watch the live proceedings in March 1951 and at the time 72 percent of Americans were familiar with the committee's work.

In public culture

Senator Kefauver served as the committee's first chair.[2] Kefauver relinquished the committee chair on April 30, 1951, and Senator O'Conor assumed the chairmanship until the committee folded on September 1, 1951.[2]

Leadership

[10] However, the committee's work led to several significant outcomes. Among the most notable was an admission by

[3] Many of the Kefauver Committee's hearings were aimed at proving that an

The Kefauver Committee held hearings in 14 major cities across the United States.[3][4] More than 600 witnesses testified.[3][5] Many of the committee's hearings were televised live on national television to large audiences, providing many Americans with their first glimpse of organized crime's influence in the U.S.[1][4][6] Among the more notorious figures who appeared before the committee were Tony "Joe Batters" Accardo, Louis "Little New York" Campagna, Mickey Cohen, Frank Costello, Jake "Greasy Thumb" Guzik, Meyer Lansky, Paul "The Waiter" Ricca,[5][7] Virginia Hill (former Joe Adonis-Chicago Outfit messenger and mobster Benjamin Siegel's girlfriend), and four of Irish mob boss Enoch "Nucky" Johnson's former policemen in Atlantic City were also called forth. Kefauver became a nationally recognized figure,[4] and the committee enabled him to run for President of the United States in 1952 and 1956 (his runs failed, but he became his party's vice presidential nominee in 1956).[8]

Barkley, as President of the Senate, was empowered to choose the committee's members. They included: Kefauver; Herbert O'Conor (Maryland), Lester C. Hunt (Wyoming), Alexander Wiley (Wisconsin), and Charles W. Tobey (New Hampshire).[3]

Committee work and history

[3][2], sitting in his role as President of the United States Senate, cast the tie-breaking vote, and the Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce was established.Alben W. Barkley Vice President On May 3, 1950, [2] Debate over the substitute resolution was bitter and partisan, and the voting on the resolution extremely close.[2] A compromise resolution was substituted which established a special committee of five Senators, whose membership would be drawn from both the Judiciary and Commerce committees.[3][2] already claimed jurisdiction over the issue.Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce However, the [3][2]

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