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United States Senate elections, 1888

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United States Senate elections, 1888

United States Senate elections, 1888

November 1888

76 seats in the United States Senate
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Republican Democratic
Last election 39 seats 37 seats
Seats won 39 37
Seat change 0 0

Majority Party before election


Republican

Elected Majority Party


Republican

The United States Senate election of 1888 was an election which, coinciding with Benjamin Harrison's victory over incumbent President Grover Cleveland. The Republican Party would gain an additional twelve seats in the United States Senate mostly from newly admitted States in 1889 and 1890.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results

51st Congress (1889–1891)

  • Majority Party: Republican (51)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (37)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 88

Change in composition

Senate composition before the elections

 
D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1  
D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18
D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21 D20 D19
D29 D30 D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 R39
Majority→ R38
R29 R30 R31 R32 R33 R34 R35 R36 R37
R28 R27 R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21 R20 R19
R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18
R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1  
 

Senate composition at the BEGINNING of the next Congress

 
D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1  
D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18
D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21 D20 D19
D29 D30 D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 R39
Majority→ R38
R29 R30 R31 R32 R33 R34 R35 R36 R37
R28 R27 R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21 R20 R19
R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18
R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1  
 

Senate composition at the END of the next Congress

  D1 D2 D3 D4
D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5
D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29 D28 D27 D26 D25
D35 V1 V2 R51 R50 R49 R48 R47 R46 R45
Majority→ R44
R35 R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43
R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29 R28 R27 R26 R25
R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24
R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7 R6 R5
  R1 R2 R3 R4
V1 & 2: Two Democrats died, and the seats were left vacant

R40 – 51: Twelve seats, all held by Republicans, were added for new states during this Congress: South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, and Wyoming.

Key:
D# =Democratic
R# =Republican
V# =Vacant

See also

References

  • Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present, via Senate.gov


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