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Vallès Occidental

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Title: Vallès Occidental  
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Subject: Municipalities of Catalonia, Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona, Sabadell, Catalonia, Cerdanyola del Vallès
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Vallès Occidental

Vallès Occidental
Comarca

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Catalonia
Province Barcelona
Capital Sabadell and Terrassa
Municipalities
Area
 • Total 583.1 km2 (225.1 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 899,532
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)  
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Largest municipality Sabadell

Vallès Occidental is a comarca (county) in Catalonia, Spain. It is unique among the comarques in that the two cities Sabadell and Terrassa (which are of roughly equal size) share the role of comarcal capital. Along with Vallès Oriental it forms the grand comarca of Vallès.

Contents

  • Physical geography 1
    • Major natural parks 1.1
    • Hiking trails 1.2
  • Human and economic geography 2
    • Municipalities 2.1
    • Transportation 2.2
      • Motorways 2.2.1
      • Highways 2.2.2
      • Railroads 2.2.3
      • Airports 2.2.4
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Physical geography

Vallès Occidental borders the comarques of Bages (to the north), Vallès Oriental (to the north and east), Baix Llobregat (to the west), and Barcelonès (to the south). It centers on the Catalan prelittoral depression, limited to the west by the River Llobregat and to the east by the River Caldes. The northern part of the comarca is mountainous. From west to east, it contains part of the Obac range (924m altitude at Castellsapera); the massifs of Sant Llorenç de Munt (1095m at La Mola and 1053m at Montcau) and Puig de la Creu (664m); and the Sant Sadurní (954m) and Farell cliffs (789m). At the south of the comarca is the Collserola range (512m), which forms part of the Catalan Littoral. Between these various ranges is the valley that gives its name to the comarca. The valley actually composes two separate watersheds, the basins of the Llobregat and Besòs.

The Llobregat watershed lies to the west of the axis that runs from Obac to Tibidabo (culminating point of the Collserola range), passing through Matadepera, Sant Quirze del Vallès, Bellaterra, and Sant Cugat del Vallès. Tributaries of the Llobregat include the Canyamssos, the Rubí and the Vallvidrera. East of that axis, the watershed of the Besòs includes the rivers Ripoll and Caldes, (the latter forming the eastern border of the comarca).

Major natural parks

Hiking trails

Vallès Occidental has several notable official hiking trails, known as "senders de gran recorregut".

Human and economic geography

Industry is concentrated in the south, coinciding with the flattest land in the comarca. The principal industrial cities are the co-capitals (Sabadell and Terrassa), Rubí and Cerdanyola del Vallès. The most important industries are textiles, mecànica , metallurgy, machinery, material elèctric , construction, chemicals, paper, and the processing of food products. An industrial crisis at the end of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s led to a greater importance for the commercial and service sectors, especially computer-related work.

The north remains primarily rural. Many of the residences there now function as second homes.

Municipalities

Municipality Population
(2014)[1]
Area
km2[1]
Badia del Vallès 13,553 0.9
Barberà del Vallès 32,550 8.3
Castellar del Vallès 23,440 44.9
Castellbisbal 12,434 31.0
Cerdanyola del Vallès 57,402 30.6
Gallifa 202 16.3
Matadepera 8,841 25.4
Montcada i Reixac 34,394 23.5
Palau-solità i Plegamans 14,454 14.9
Polinyà 8,238 8.8
Rellinars 726 17.8
Ripollet 37,233 4.3
Rubí 74,353 32.3
Sabadell 207,444 37.8
Sant Cugat del Vallès 87,118 48.2
Sant Llorenç Savall 2,361 41.1
Sant Quirze del Vallès 19,549 14.1
Santa Perpètua de Mogoda 25,409 15.8
Sentmenat 8,645 28.8
Terrassa 215,517 70.2
Ullastrell 2,056 7.3
Vacarisses 6,218 40.7
Viladecavalls 7,395 20.1
• Total: 23 899,532 583.1

Transportation

Much of Catalonia's transportation network passes through Vallès Occidental, with roads, railroads, etc. crossing the valley in various directions.

Motorways

Highways

Railroads

Both railroad companies that operate in Catalonia have lines in Vallès Occidental. RENFE's Barcelona-Lleida line passes through Manresa. The Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya have the "Metro del Vallès", connecting Barcelona to Sabadell and Terrassa.

Airports

Most air traffic for Vallès Occidental comes through the Prat airport in neighboring Baix Llobregat. The Sabadell Airport is used for sport flying, as a base for firemen, and for air freight.

References

  1. ^ a b "El municipi en xifres". Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya. Retrieved 2015-05-25. 

External links

  • Official comarcal web site (in Catalan)

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