World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vereinsgewehr 1857

Article Id: WHEBN0029431418
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vereinsgewehr 1857  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Minié rifle
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Vereinsgewehr 1857

Vereinsgewehr 1857

Vereinsgewehr 1857
Type Rifled musket
Place of origin  Württemberg,  Baden,  Hesse
Service history
In service 1861/2-1867/68
Used by Württemberg, Baden and Hesse
Wars Austro-Prussian War
Production history
Designed 1856
Manufacturer Königlich Württembergische Gewehrfabrik and others in Suhl
Produced 1857–1866
Number built >70,000 (30,000 Württemberg; Baden and Hesse @ 20,000)
Variants Hesse variant
Weight 4.6 kilograms (10 lb)
Length 1.39 metres (55 in)
Barrel length 100 centimetres (39 in)

Cartridge .547 inches (13.9 mm) Minié ball
Caliber .54
Action Caplock
Effective range 1,000 yards (910 m) (Baden and Württemberg sights), 1,200 yards (1,100 m) (Hesse sights)
Feed system Muzzle-loaded

The Vereinsgewehr 1857 (union rifle, mod. 1857) was the commonly developed rifle of Baden, Hesse and Württemberg for their troups of the 8th Bundesarmee corps as a successor of the Musket Model 1777 corrigé. The rifle for the line infantry was, with minor modifications in the sights, adopted by all three states; pistols and carbines for the cavalry and sharpshooter rifles for the Jäger were, however, developed by each state on its own.

The rifle has a percussion lock construction of Swiss model, i.e. there was no loading position of the hammer.

Hesse and Baden/Württemberg variants

Rifles from Hesse on the one hand and Baden and Württemberg on the other hand can be distinguished by their rear sights.

Württemberg and Baden union rifles and Jäger rifles use a sight with the scale below, from 200 yards (180 m) to 1,000 yards (910 m), constructed by 1st lieutenant Breithaupt.

Hesse instead used a quadrant sight with the scale above, max. 1,200 yards (1,100 m), after Darmstadt armoury colonel Müller.


  • Hans-Dieter Götz: Militärgewehre und Pistolen der deutschen Staaten 1800-1870, 2nd edition, Stuttgart, 1996, ISBN 3-87943-533-2 (German)

External links

  • Davide Pedersoli

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.