World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vickers Varsity

Article Id: WHEBN0003358386
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vickers Varsity  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vickers Valetta, Vickers Valiant, Vickers F.B.24, Vickers Type 432, Vickers 131 Valiant
Collection: British Military Trainer Aircraft 1950–1959, Twin-Engined Tractor Aircraft, Vickers Aircraft
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Vickers Varsity

Varsity
Varsity T.1 of No.1 Air Electronics School in 1971
Role military trainer
Manufacturer Vickers-Armstrongs
First flight 17 July 1949[1]
Introduction 1951
Primary user RAF
Number built 160
Developed from Vickers VC.1 Viking

The Vickers Varsity was a British twin-engined crew trainer operated by the Royal Air Force for 25 years from 1951.

Contents

  • Design and development 1
  • Operational history 2
  • Operators 3
  • Survivors 4
    • Germany 4.1
    • Sweden 4.2
    • United Kingdom 4.3
    • United States 4.4
  • Specifications (T Mk 1) 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
    • Notes 7.1
    • Bibliography 7.2
  • External links 8

Design and development

The Varsity was developed by Vickers and based on the Viking and Valetta to meet Air Ministry Specification T.13/48 for a twin-engined training aircraft to replace the Wellington T10 and the Valetta T3 and T4.[2] The main differences were the wider-span wings, longer fuselage and tricycle undercarriage.There was also a ventral pannier to allow a trainee bomb aimer to lie in a prone position and a bomb bay with a capacity for 24 x 25lb smoke & flash bombs.[2] The prototype Type 668 first flew from Wisley on 17 July 1949.[2]

A civil version the VC.3 was planned but with the success of the VC.2 Viscount the idea was abandoned.[2]

Operational history

Varsity T.1 of the Royal Air Force College Cranwell in 1968.

The Varsity was introduced to replace the Wellington T10 trainer. Following deliveries to trials units the first production aircraft were delivered for operational use in 1951 to No. 201 Advanced Flying School at RAF Swinderby, where they were used to train pilots to fly multi-engined aircraft. It also equipped two Air Navigator Schools in 1952, and the Bomber Command Bombing school, with the job of training crews for RAF Bomber-Command's V-bomber crews.[3]

The Swedish Air Force operated a single Varsity from January 1953 to 1973 mainly for electronic intelligence missions. The Swedish military designation was Tp 82.

The Varsity was withdrawn from service with the RAF in May 1976, its role as a pilot and navigation trainer being taken over by the Scottish Aviation Jetstream T1.

The last flying example (Serial WL679) was operated by the Royal Aircraft Establishment; it was retired into preservation at the RAF Museum in 1992.

Operators

Varsity T1 on display at the Newark Air Museum
Varsity T1 on display at the Newark Air Museum
 Jordan
 Sweden
 United Kingdom

Survivors

Germany

On display
  • Royal Air Force Varsity T1 WF382 at the Allied Museum, Berlin-Tegel.

Sweden

On display

United Kingdom

On display

United States

Stored or under restoration
  • Varsity T1 N65558, formerly WJ948, is in external storage at Horizon Airport, El Paso, Texas, still in Royal Air Force colour scheme. Severely damaged in landing accident.

Specifications (T Mk 1)

Data from Vickers Aircraft since 1908.[9]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament
  • Bombs: 600 lb (272 kg) practice bombs in an external pannier

See also

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ Thetford 1957, p. 448.
  2. ^ a b c d Martin 1975, p. 9.
  3. ^ Rawlings 1971, pp. 172–173.
  4. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 170.
  5. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 207.
  6. ^ Classic Air Force"Vickers Varsity - A New Kind of Wellington", retrieved 18 December 2013
  7. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 129.
  8. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 175.
  9. ^ Andrews and Morgan 1988, p. 416.

Bibliography

  • Andrews, C.F. and E.B. Morgan. Vickers Aircraft since 1908. London: Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0-85177-815-1.
  • Ellis, Ken. Wrecks & Relics. Manchester, UK: Crécy Publishing, 21st edition, 2008. ISBN 978-0-85979-134-2.
  • Martin, Bernard. The Viking, Valetta and Varsity. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1975. ISBN 0851300383.
  • Rawlings, J.D.R. "Vickers Varsity". Air Pictorial, Vol. 33, No. 5, May 1971, pp. 172–176.
  • Thetford, Owen. Aircraft of the Royal Aircraft 1918-57. London: Putnam, 1st edition, 1957.

External links

  • , 30 March 1950, pp. 406–410Flight"Aircrew Trainer,"
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.