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Wabash County, Indiana

Wabash County, Indiana
Wabash County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Wabash County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1835
Named for Wabash River
Seat Wabash
Largest city Wabash
Area
 • Total 420.98 sq mi (1,090 km2)
 • Land 412.43 sq mi (1,068 km2)
 • Water 8.54 sq mi (22 km2), 2.03%
Population
 • (2010) 32,888
 • Density 85/sq mi (33/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 85

Wabash County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 32,888.[1] The county seat is Wabash.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Cities and towns 2.2
    • Unincorporated towns 2.3
    • Extinct 2.4
    • Townships 2.5
    • Major highways 2.6
  • Climate and weather 3
  • Government 4
  • Demographics 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The area was inhabited for thousands of years by cultures of indigenous peoples. French explorers and traders encountered the historical Miami Native Americans beginning in the 17th century.

Wabash County was established in 1835, when settlement increased after the American Revolution. They named it after the Wabash River. The name "Wabash" is an English spelling of the earlier French name for the river, Ouabache. French traders derived the French version from the Indian name for the river, Wabashike (pronounced "Wah-bah-she-keh") (meaning "pure white".) Much of the river bottom is white limestone, now obscured by mud.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 420.98 square miles (1,090.3 km2), of which 412.43 square miles (1,068.2 km2) (or 97.97%) is land and 8.54 square miles (22.1 km2) (or 2.03%) is water.[3]

North Manchester from the air looking northeast.

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Extinct

Townships

Major highways

Climate and weather

Wabash, Indiana
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.9
 
 
36
17
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
27
 
 
3.5
 
 
60
37
 
 
4.1
 
 
71
48
 
 
4.2
 
 
80
58
 
 
4.1
 
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.2
 
 
75
51
 
 
2.8
 
 
63
40
 
 
3.1
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.7
 
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Wabash have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.89 inches (48 mm) in February to 4.23 inches (107 mm) in June.[4]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, assessor, prosecutor, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,888 people, 12,777 households, and 8,733 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 79.7 inhabitants per square mile (30.8/km2). There were 14,171 housing units at an average density of 34.4 per square mile (13.3/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 96.6% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 31.3% were German, 18.1% were American, 10.1% were English, and 10.0% were Irish.[13]

Of the 12,777 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.2 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,758. Males had a median income of $41,965 versus $26,944 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,475. About 8.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Wabash County QuickFacts".  
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Wabash, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b  
  6. ^ a b c d  
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

External links

  • http://www.wabasharea.net/

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