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Windham, Maine

Windham, Maine
Town
Main Street, South Windham c. 1910
Main Street, South Windham c. 1910
Motto: Windham Works for Maine
Windham is located in Maine
Windham
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated June 12, 1762
Government
 • Council Chairman Tommy Gleason
 • Town Manager Anthony Plante
Area[1]
 • Total 50.15 sq mi (129.89 km2)
 • Land 46.56 sq mi (120.59 km2)
 • Water 3.59 sq mi (9.30 km2)
Elevation 236 ft (72 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 17,001
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,272
 • Density 365.1/sq mi (141.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04062, 04082
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-86025
GNIS feature ID 0582817
Website .us.windhammainewww

Windham is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 17,001 at the 2010 census. It includes the villages of South Windham and North Windham. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Canal 1.1
    • Railroad 1.2
    • Highway 1.3
  • Geography 2
    • Roads and Bordering 2.1
      • Secondary roads 2.1.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Notable people 4
  • Education 5
  • Site of interest 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The township was granted in 1734 by the blockhouse constructed of 12-inch thick hewn hemlock had an overhanging second story with firing ports and two swivel guns in watch posts on diagonal corners. The blockhouse was surrounded by a stockade wall of 12-inch diameter log posts 16 feet long. The single gate through the stockade wall was covered by a 4.2-inch (11 cm) bore 9-pounder cannon within the blockhouse.[4]

The town's inhabitants took shelter in the stockade between 1745 and 1751. The last

  • Town of Windham official website
  • Windham Sports Pages Newspaper
  • Windham Independent Newspaper
  • Windham Public Library
  • Maine.gov -- Windham, Maine
  • Sebago Lakes Region Chamber of Commerce
  • Epodunk Town Profile
  • History of Windham, Maine (1886)
  • Maine Genealogy: Windham, Cumberland County, Maine

External links

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b Goold, Nathan Windham, Maine in the War of the Revolution 1775-1783 (1900) H.W. Bryant Bookseller and Publisher, Portland, Maine
  5. ^ Rolde, Neil (1990). Maine: A Narrative History. Harpswell Press. pp. 84–85.  
  6. ^ Goold, William The Burning of Portland 19 February 1873
  7. ^ Dole, Samuel Thomas Windham in the Past (1916)
  8. ^ "Historic Interpretive Signs about the Oriental Powder Mills Installed" (PDF). Presumpscot Regional Land Trust. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  9. ^ "The Oriental Powder Mills". Windham Photo Album. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  10. ^ The History Press; Charleston, South Carlolina 2007A History of the Boston & Maine Railroad: Exploring New Hampshire's Rugged Heart by Rail;Bruce D. Heald,
  11. ^ Peters, Bradley L. (1976). Maine Central Railroad Company. Maine Central Railroad. 
  12. ^ Barnes, Diane and Jack. The Sebago Lake Area (1996). Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-4943-9, p.13
  13. ^ Tracy, A.W. (December 1996) [1921]. "Highway Display's America's Glories". Theodore Roosevelt International Highway, Montana (PDF).  
  14. ^ Barnes, Diane and Jack The Sebago Lake Area (1996) Arcadia Publishing ISBN 978-0-7385-4943-9 p.18
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

References

Site of interest

Windham and neighboring Raymond are part of a consolidated school district called RSU 14. Windham based schools in the RSU include Windham Primary School (K-3), Manchester School (4-5), Windham Middle School (6-8), and Windham High School (9-12).

Education


Notable people

Demographics

There are several roads that connect certain parts of the town, as well as to other towns, such as Pope Road (Connecting North Windham to Windham Center), River Road (main connector connecting North Windham and Westbrook), Windham Center Road (mainly crosses the town in an east-west direction, as well as connecting Windham Center to Gorham), and Falmouth Road (connects North Windham to Falmouth).

Secondary roads

The town is crossed by U.S. routes 202 and 302, and state routes 4, 35 and 115. It borders the towns of Standish and Gorham to the west, Westbrook to the south, Falmouth and Cumberland to the east, Gray to the northeast and Raymond to the north.

Roads and Bordering

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.15 square miles (129.89 km2), of which 46.56 square miles (120.59 km2) is land and 3.59 square miles (9.30 km2) is water.[1] Located beside Sebago Lake, Windham is drained by the Pleasant River and the Presumpscot River.

Geography

Designation of the transcontinental Roosevelt Trail in 1919 (identified as United States Route 302 since 1935) encouraged increasing numbers of automobile tourists to drive through North Windham.[13] Boody's store was built on the north corner of the intersection of the Roosevelt Trail and Maine State Route 115 to sell grain, groceries, and hardware. The crossroads village of North Windham has expanded into the commercial center of town through increasing automobile use by Sebago Lake vacationers and suburban Portland commuters.[14]

Highway

The canal fell into disuse after the Portland and Ogdensburg Railway was completed through South Windham and Newhall in 1875.[10] Maine Central Railroad leased the railway as their Mountain Division in 1888.[11] Availability of year-round transportation encouraged C.A. Brown and Company to build a large brick wood-paper board factory at South Windham in 1875. Androscoggin Pulp Company purchased the factory, and the industrial village of South Windham developed around the pulp mill.[12] By 1886, the town also produced felt, boots and shoes, carriages, harness, coffins, clothing and wooden ware. On April 4, 1919, the legislature passed an act creating the Reformatory for Men at South Windham. It is now the Maine Correctional Center, a minimum to medium security facility for men and women.

Railroad

The Cumberland and Oxford Canal opened in 1832, carrying goods along the Presumpscot River between Sebago Lake and Portland. Population increased along the Presumpscot River as goods manufactured by river water power could be transported to outside markets. In 1859, when Windham's population was 2,380, it had 8 sawmills, a corn and flour mill, 2 shingle mills, a fulling mill, 2 carding mills, a woolen textile factory, a barrel factory, a chair stuff factory, the gunpowder factory and 2 tanneries. Oriental Powder Company became the largest gunpowder factory in Maine, and remained in operation until 1905 providing rock blasting powder, gunpowder for belligerents in the Crimean War, and 25 percent of the Union gunpowder supply for the American Civil War.[8] A charcoal house, saltpeter refinery, mills, and storehouses were separated along a mile of both banks of the Presumpscot River upstream of Gambo to minimize damage during infrequent explosions.[9]

Canal

Most of the early inhabitants were farmers, who found the soil loamy and easily worked. Early subdivision of land was in strips perpendicular to the Presumpscot River and Pleasant River. Each landowner cleared the river floodplain for cropland and had river access for transportation to the coast until River Road and Old Gray Road (United States Route 202) were built linking connected farm buildings on high ground adjacent to the floodplain. Windham provided numerous sites for water power, and as early as 1738 a mill was erected at Mallison Falls. Edmund Fowler and Lester Laflin began manufacturing gunpowder at Gambo Falls (near Newhall) in 1817.[7]

[6] in 1776.Reprieve privateer as he demanded before he burned the town; and they were placed aboard the Henry Mowat Windham's 9-pounder cannon and one swivel gun from the stockade blockhouse were loaned to Portland in 1775. Portland had refused to surrender these guns to Captain [4]

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