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Zack de la Rocha

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Subject: Saul Williams, Inside Out (band), One Day as a Lion, Tim Commerford, Evil Empire (album)
Collection: 1970 Births, 20Th-Century American Singers, 21St-Century American Singers, Activists from California, Alternative Metal Musicians, American Activists, American Agnostics, American Anarchists, American Anti-Fascists, American Anti-War Activists, American Heavy Metal Singers, American Human Rights Activists, American Lyricists, American Male Singers, American Male Singer-Songwriters, American Male Songwriters, American Musicians of Mexican Descent, American People of German Descent, American People of Irish Descent, American People of Spanish-Jewish Descent, American Punk Rock Musicians, American Punk Rock Singers, American Rock Singers, American Rock Songwriters, American Singer-Songwriters, American Socialists, Anarchist Musicians, Animal Rights Advocates, Anti-Corporate Activists, Living People, Musicians from Long Beach, California, People from Irvine, California, Rage Against the MacHine Members, Rap Metal Musicians, Writers from Long Beach, California
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Zack de la Rocha

Zack de la Rocha
De la Rocha performing with Rage Against the Machine in Indio, California on April 29, 2007
Background information
Birth name Zacarías Manuel de la Rocha
Born (1970-01-12) January 12, 1970
Long Beach, California
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • rapper
  • singer
  • songwriter
  • poet
  • activist
Instruments
Years active 1988–present
Labels
Associated acts

Zacharías Manuel "Zack" de la Rocha (born January 12, 1970) is an American musician, poet, rapper, and activist best known as the vocalist and lyricist of rap metal band Rage Against the Machine from 1991–2000, and after the band's reunion in 2007 until their last show in 2011.[1][2] He left Rage Against the Machine in October 2000, and embarked on a low-key solo career. With former Mars Volta drummer Jon Theodore, de la Rocha also co-founded One Day as a Lion in 2008.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Musical career 2
    • Early career 2.1
    • Rage Against the Machine 2.2
    • Solo career 2.3
    • Rage Against the Machine reunion 2.4
    • Solo album 2.5
    • One Day as a Lion 2.6
  • Activism 3
  • Discography 4
    • Hard Stance 4.1
    • Inside Out 4.2
    • Rage Against the Machine 4.3
    • One Day as a Lion 4.4
    • Solo and collaborations 4.5
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
  • External links 6

Early life

Zacharias Manuel de la Rocha was born in Long Beach, California on January 12, 1970, to a Mexican American father, the artist Robert "Beto" de la Rocha (born November 26, 1937 in Wilmar, California),[3][4] and a German-Irish mother, Olivia Lorryne Carter (born October 8, 1941 in Los Angeles, California).[3][5][6] His father played an integral part in his cultural upbringing. Beto was a muralist and a member of Los Four, the first Chicano art collective to be exhibited at a museum (LACMA, 1973). De la Rocha's grandfather, Isaac de la Rocha Beltrán (September 29, 1910 in Cananea, Mexico - October 10, 1985 in Los Angeles, California),[7][8] was a Sonorensan revolutionary[9] who fought in the Mexican Revolution and worked as an agricultural labourer in the US. Later, de la Rocha would see the hardships his grandfather endured reflected in the struggles of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation.[10]

De la Rocha's parents divorced when he was one year old, and he moved from East Los Angeles to Irvine with his mother, Olivia. Olivia attended the University of California at Irvine and ultimately earned a PhD in Anthropology.[11] De la Rocha later described Irvine as "one of the most racist cities imaginable. If you were a Mexican in Irvine, you were there because you had a broom or a hammer in your hand."[12] De la Rocha became a vegetarian as a teenager, stating in 1989: "I think vegetarianism is really great, and I stand really strongly behind it...I think that an animal goes through a lot of pain in the whole cycle of death in the slaughterhouse; just living to be killed...I just don't think it's worth eating that animal...There's so much other food out there that doesn't have to involve you in that cycle of pain and death."[13]

Musical career

Early career

De la Rocha met Tim Commerford in elementary school, and in junior high school, they both played guitar in a band called Juvenile Expression. De la Rocha's interest in punk rock bands like The Clash, Sex Pistols, and Bad Religion turned into an appreciation for other bands like Minor Threat, Bad Brains, and The Teen Idles. In high school, he joined the straight edge band Hardstance, which evolved into the hardcore band Inside Out around 1988 and gained a national underground following. The band released a single record, No Spiritual Surrender, on Revelation Records in 1990 before breaking up. De la Rocha later said that the band was "about completely detaching ourselves from society to see ourselves as...as spirits, and not bowing down to a system that sees you as just another pebble on a beach. I channeled all my anger out through that band."[14][15]

Rage Against the Machine

De la Rocha performing live

Following the dissolution of Inside Out in 1991, de la Rocha embraced hip hop and began freestyling at local clubs, at one of which he was approached by former Lock Up guitarist Tom Morello, who was impressed by de la Rocha's lyrics, and convinced him to form a band. Morello recruited former Greta drummer Brad Wilk–who had previously auditioned for Lock Up before that band's dissolution earlier that same year–and de la Rocha recruited his former Juvenile Expression bandmate, Tim Commerford, to play bass. The band was named for an unreleased Inside Out song, Rage Against the Machine.

Rage Against the Machine was on the main stage at Lollapalooza in 1993 and was one of the most politically charged bands ever to receive extensive airplay from radio and MTV. Rage's second and third albums peaked at number one in the United States, but did not result in the political action de la Rocha had hoped for. He became increasingly restless and undertook collaborations with artists such as KRS-One, Chuck D, and Public Enemy. He left Rage Against the Machine in October 2000, citing "creative differences," at which time he issued a statement saying: "it was necessary to leave Rage because our decision-making process has completely failed",[16] in reference to the disagreement over the release of Renegades. The other members of the band sought out separate management and secured the immediate release of Renegades. After searching for a replacement for de la Rocha, the other members of Rage joined Chris Cornell of Soundgarden to form Audioslave.[17]

Solo career

Zack de la Rocha on stage with Rage Against the Machine in 2007

Following the disbandment of Rage Against the Machine, de la Rocha worked on a solo album he had been recording since before the band's dissolution, working with DJ Shadow, El-P, Muggs, Dan The Automator, Roni Size, DJ Premier, and The Roots' Questlove with production partner James Poyser.[18] The album never came to fruition, and de la Rocha started a new collaboration with Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails, in which around 20 tracks were produced.[19] Reznor thought the work was "excellent",[19] but said the songs will likely never be released as de la Rocha was not "ready to make a record" at that time.[20]

On working with DJ Shadow and Reznor, de la Rocha admitted in a 2008 interview that:

In 2000, de la Rocha appeared on the song "Centre of the Storm", from the Roni Size/Reprazent album In The Mode,[22] while in 2002, he appeared in a minor role in the first part of the Blackalicious song "Release" on the album Blazing Arrow.[23] A new collaboration between de la Rocha and DJ Shadow, the song "March of Death" was released for free online in 2003 in protest against the imminent invasion of Iraq. As part of the collaboration de la Rocha released a statement which included the following:

The 2004 soundtrack Songs and Artists that Inspired Fahrenheit 9/11 included one of the collaborations with Reznor, "We Want It All".[19] This album also contained "No One Left", the debut recording by former Rage Against the Machine guitarist Tom Morello as The Nightwatchman. On October 7, 2005, de la Rocha returned to the stage with new material, performing with Son Jarocho band Son de Madera. He later spoke as MC and again performed with Son de Madera at the November 22 Concert at the Farm, a benefit concert for the South Central Farmers. He sang and played the jarana with the band, and performed his own new original material, including the song "Sea of Buttnuts".[25]

Rage Against the Machine reunion

De la Rocha performing with Rage Against the Machine at Coachella 2007

Rumors that Rage Against the Machine could reunite at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival were circulating in mid-January 2007, and were confirmed on January 22.[26] The band was confirmed to be headlining the final day of Coachella 2007. Rage Against the Machine, as a full band, headlined the final day of the 2007 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on April 29. The band played in front of a Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) backdrop to the largest crowds of the festival. The performance was initially thought to be a one-off, but this turned out not to be the case. The band played 7 more shows in the United States in 2007, and in January 2008, they played their first shows outside the US as part of the Big Day Out Festival in Australia and New Zealand. The band continued to tour around the world, headlining many large festivals in Europe and the United States, including Lollapalooza in Chicago. In a 2008 interview, de la Rocha said this of the relationship between him, Commerford, Wilk and Morello:

Later in 2011, de la Rocha and the rest of Rage Against the Machine reunited for one final show, headlining, LA Rising July 30, 2011. The show was a great success, filling the LA Coliseum. The band has not played together since.

Solo album

In an article published in Billboard, it was announced that work had been completed on de la Rocha's first solo album, which he had been working on at least since his departure from RATM in 2000 and, by some accounts, as early as 1995.[27] Trent Reznor, DJ Shadow, Questlove from The Roots, and El-P were said to have produced the album or portions of it. However, at this point, it seems to have been shelved indefinitely.

One Day as a Lion

In 2008, de la Rocha and former [28] This comes from a minatory slogan popular during the 1930s in Fascist Italy, "Better one day as a lion than a hundred days as a sheep."[29] The saying is an allusion to Psalms 84:10, "Better is one day in your courts than a thousand elsewhere." They released their debut EP, One Day as a Lion, on July 22, 2008.

Activism

De la Rocha became one of the most visible champions of human-rights causes around the world while advocating in favor of Leonard Peltier and Mumia Abu-Jamal, and supporting the Zapatista movement in Mexico. He spoke on the floor of the UN, testifying against the United States and its treatment of Abu-Jamal. De la Rocha has been particularly outspoken on the cause of the EZLN. He explained the importance of the cause to him personally.

It is important for me, as a popular artist, to make clear to the governments of the United States and Mexico that despite the strategy of fear and intimidation to foreigners, despite their weapons, despite their immigration laws and military reserves, they will never be able to isolate the Zapatista communities from the people in the United States... Through concerts, videos, interviews, broadcasting of information at concerts, and our songs' lyrics we have placed within reach of young people, our audience, the experiences of the Zapatistas; we act as facilitators of the ways in which they can participate and put them in contact with the organization and the Zapatista support committees in the United States.[30]

In August 2000, Rage Against the Machine performed for the thousands gathered in the "designated protest area" of the Democratic National Convention (DNC) held at the Staples Center in downtown Los Angeles. In solidarity with the demonstrators, de la Rocha stormed through Rage's tribute to Mayan and Mexica resistance, "People of the Sun," and songs from their 2000 release Without a Face" from Evil Empire,[30] and "War Within a Breath" from The Battle of Los Angeles. Zack de la Rocha asked their record label, Epic Records, for $30,000 to donate to the EZLN.[32] It is not known if they complied. The EZLN flag has been used as a stage backdrop at all of the band's shows since their reunion in April, 2007. On his post-Rage political music, de la Rocha admitted that it was near impossible for him to draw the line between politics and music:

On April 14, 2007, Morello and de la Rocha reunited on-stage early to perform a brief acoustic set at House of Blues in Chicago at the rally for fair food with the Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW). Morello described the event as "very exciting for everybody in the room, myself included." At Rage's first reunion show, de la Rocha made a speech during "Wake Up" in which de la Rocha called numerous American presidents war criminals, citing a statement by Noam Chomsky regarding the Nuremberg Principles.[33]

Discography

Hard Stance

De la Rocha played guitar on the following albums:

  • Face Reality (EP) 7" (1988)
  • Hard Stance (EP) 7" (1989)

Inside Out

De la Rocha credited for vocals:

Rage Against the Machine

De la Rocha credited for vocals:

One Day as a Lion

De la Rocha credited for vocals and keyboards:

Solo and collaborations

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ One Day as a Lion at AllMusic
  3. ^ a b California, Birth Index, 1905-1995
  4. ^ Library of Congress Subject Heading authority
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ Social Security Death Index Number 563-05-0937
  8. ^ California, Death Index, 1940-1997
  9. ^ Zack De La Rocha speaking against Sheriff Joe Arpaio and sings people of the sun – YouTube
  10. ^
  11. ^ David Fricke,The Battle of Rage Against the Machine, Rolling Stone, (Nov. 25, 1999).
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Rage Against the Machine: Articles
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ a b c
  20. ^
  21. ^ a b c
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ Zack de la Rocha.com, official website promoting "March of Death". Retrieved February 17, 2007.
  25. ^ Spin Magazine, February 2006
  26. ^
  27. ^ Post from former band manager
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ a b "Interview with Zack from Chiapas" (July 19, 1998), Accion Zapatista de Austin. Retrieved October 6, 2007.
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^ Interview of Noam Chomsky by Tom Morello in 1996
  34. ^ Bamboozled (2000) – IMDb
  35. ^
  36. ^

Notes

External links

  • Zack de la Rocha at the Internet Movie Database
  • marchofdeath.com (archived, incl. mp3 download)
  • Official Rage Against the Machine Website
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