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Álava (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Álava (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Álava electoral district in Spain.

Álava (Basque: Araba) is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It was first contested in modern times in the 1977 General Election. The largest municipality is Vitoria-Gasteiz where approximately 75% of the electorate live. [1]

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [2] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Álava and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

This article is part of a series on the
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Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible. [2]

Number of members

Álava has returned four members at every election from 1977 onwards.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population. [3] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces like Álava at the expense of larger provinces.

At the time of the 2008 General Election, Spain had 35,073,179 voters, giving an average of 100,209 voters per deputy. [1] In Álava the ratio was only 61,983. In contrast in the neighbouring district of Vizcaya the ratio was 119,589.

Summary of seats won 1977–2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 2 2 1
People's Party (PP) 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Amaiur 1

Note: Seats shown for the PP include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and Popular Coalition before 1989. They ran in an electoral alliance with the UCD in 1982.

Vote share summary 1977–2011

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 30.9 25.4 12.0
People's Party (PP) 6.4 6.2 15.8 14.1 19.6 27.3 39.1 26.9 26.5 27.2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 27.6 21.4 35.3 33.1 25.9 26.1 25.4 24.3 30.8 40.7 23.4
Euskadiko Ezkerra (EE) 4.7 7.0 8.1 8.6
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) 17.5 22.9 22.0 19.1 16.9 16.8 20.2 20.7 25.8 18.8 18.9
United Left (IU) 3.1 3.3 2.2 0.9 3.1 6.9 11.7 5.6 7.8 4.2 4.1
Batasuna (HB) 9.9 9.9 12.0 11.6 9.4 7.5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3.8 8.8 6.7 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Eusko Alkartasuna (EA) 8.5 5.8 5.6 4.7 4.3 3.1 *
Unidad Alavesa (UA) 10.6
Amaiur (EA) 19.1

Note:PP's predecessors contested the 1979 election under the label "Unión Foral" [4]

*Eusko Alkartasuna contested the 2011 election as part of the Amaiur coalition along with other parties such as Aralar

Results

 Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 45,891 27.7 1 Alfonso Alonso
Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Euskadiko Ezkerra 39,579 23.44 1 Ramón Juregui Otondo
Amaiur 32,267 19.11 1 Iker Urbina Fernández
Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 31,849 18.86 1 Emilio Olabarría
United Left 6,897 4.08 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 4,649 2.75 0
Others 5,796 3.40 0

2008 General Election

In common with the other Basque provinces, in 2008 PSOE increased their vote share by over 10%, mainly at the expense of the PNV. This was their third biggest increase in vote share overall. The 2008 election had been overshadowed by the killing of a former PSOE councillor by ETA in the neighbouring province of Guipúzcoa.[5]

 Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Euskadiko Ezkerra 69,180 40.76 2 José Lasarte Iribarren, María Rodríguez Barahona
People's Party (Partido Popular) 44,937 26.48 1 Alfonso Alonso
Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 31,844 18.76 1 Emilio Olabarría
United Left 7,093 4.18 0
Eusko Alkartasuna 5,285 3.11 0
Aralar 2,911 1.72 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 2,006 1.18 0
Others 2,798 1.65 0

Source: [6]

2004 General Election

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Euskadiko Ezkerra 56,137 30.79 2 Ramón Jáuregui, Pilar Unzalu
People's Party (Partido Popular) 48,992 26.87 1 Jaime Mayor Oreja
Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 47,090 25.83 1 Emilio Olabarría
United Left 14,181 7.78 0
Eusko Alkartasuna 7,838 4.30 0
Aralar 3,417 1.87 0
Others 5,476 3.30 0

On 6 July 2004, Mayor was replaced by María Martín.

Source: [7]

2000 General Election

 Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Álava.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 66,267 39.10 2 Rafael Cámara, Alfonso Alonso#
Socialist Party of the Basque Country – Euskadiko Ezkerra 41,182 24.30 1 Ramón Jáuregui
Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 35,155 20.74 1 Juan Otxoa
United Left 9,509 5.61 0
Eusko Alkartasuna 7,985 4.71 0
Others 4,227 2.50 0

Notes:-

External links

  • List of members by year

References

  1. ^ a b electorates by municipality
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  3. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  4. ^ Unión Foral in 1979 election.
  5. ^ ETA blamed for killing PSOE former councillor
  6. ^ 2008 election result
  7. ^ Interior ministry link to election results

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