World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ælfweard of Wessex

 

Ælfweard of Wessex

Ælfweard
King of Wessex (perhaps)
Reign (perhaps) 17 July 924 – 2 August 924
Predecessor Edward the Elder
Successor Æthelstan
Born c. 902
Wessex, England
Died 2 August 924 (aged 21–22)
Oxford, England
Burial New Minster, Winchester
House House of Wessex
Father Edward, King of Wessex
Mother Ælfflæd
Religion Chalcedonian Christianity

Ælfweard (c. 902 – 2 August 924) was the second son of Edward the Elder, the eldest born to his second wife Ælfflæd.

Contents

  • Kingship and death 1
  • Ancestry 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • See also 6

Kingship and death

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle simply states that Ælfweard died soon after his father's death on 17 July 924 and that they were buried together at Winchester. Manuscript D of the Chronicle specifies that he outlived his father by only 16 days. No reign is explicitly attributed to him here. However, a list of West-Saxon kings in the 12th-century Textus Roffensis[1] mentions him as his father's successor, with a reign of four weeks.[2] He is also described as king in the New Minster Liber Vitae,[3] an 11th-century source based in part on earlier material.[4] On the other hand, William of Malmesbury, relying on a poem, related that Edward's eldest son (by his first wife Ecgwynn), Æthelstan, succeeded directly under the terms of King Alfred's will (since lost).[5] The poem had once been considered a near-contemporary authority, but Michael Lapidge has shown this to be based on a misunderstanding of William's reference to "a certain obviously ancient book".[6]

This conflicting documentation has led to alternative interpretations, some modern historians concluding that he had succeeded his father in preference to his older half-brother Æthelstan, while others maintain that Æthelstan was the only heir to his father.[5] Alternatively, a divided rule has been suggested, since the so-called Mercian register of the Chronicle reports that Æthelstan became king of the Mercians, and William of Malmesbury, though denying a reign for Ælfweard, reports that Æthelstan was educated at the Mercian court of his aunt Æthelflæd.[2][5][7] In the view of Simon Keynes, Ælfweard was recognised as king in Wessex and Æthelstan in Mercia, and although it is possible that Edward intended a division of the kingdom after his death, it is more likely that the leaders of Wessex chose Ælfweard and Mercia set up Æthelstan in opposition.[8]

Ælfweard died only 16 days after his father, on 2 August 924 at Oxford, and was buried at the New Minster, Winchester. Æthelstan still had difficulty in securing acceptance in Wessex, and he was not crowned king of the Anglo-Saxons until 4 September 925.[8][9]

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ (Rochester, Cathedral Library, MS A.3.5, fols. 7v-8r).
  2. ^ a b Yorke, Bishop Æthelwold. p. 71.
  3. ^ f. 9v, cited by Yorke.
  4. ^ Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.
  5. ^ a b c Williams, "Some Notes", pp. 149–50.
  6. ^ Lapidge, "Some Latin poems as evidence for the reign of Athelstan." 50-1.
  7. ^ Walker, Mercia and the Making of England. p. 127.
  8. ^ a b Keynes, 'Rulers of the English', p. 514
  9. ^ Foot, Æthelstan, p. 17

References

  •  
  • Keynes, Simon (2001). "Rulers of the English, c.450–1066". In Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes and Donald Scragg. The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Blackwell Publishing.  
  • Lapidge, Michael. "Some Latin Poems as Evidence for the Reign of Athelstan." In Anglo-Latin Literature 900–1066, ed. M. Lapidge. London, 1993.
  • Lapidge, Michael (2001). The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Wiley-Blackwell.  
  • Walker, Ian W. (2000). Mercia and the Making of England. Sutton Pub Limited.  
  • Williams, Ann, "Some Notes and Considerations on Problems Connected with the English Royal Succession, 860–1066", Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1978, R. Allen Brown, ed., Boydell & Brewer, 1979, 144–167.
  • Yorke, Barbara. Bishop Æthelwold. His Career and Influence. Woodbridge, 1988.
  • "Ælfweard 4 (male)." Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. Accessed: 2009-04-08.

Further reading

  • Keynes, Simon (1996). The Liber Vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey in Winchester. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger. pp. 20–22. 

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Edward the Elder
— DISPUTED —
King of Wessex
924
Succeeded by
Athelstan
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.