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Émile Gravelle

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Title: Émile Gravelle  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Green anarchism, Anarcho-naturism, Henri Zisly, Anarcho-primitivism, Iniciales
Collection: 1855 Births, 1920 Deaths, Egoist Anarchists, French Anarchists, Green Anarchists, Individualist Anarchists
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Émile Gravelle

Émile Gravelle (1855–1920)[1] was a French individualist anarchist and naturist activist, writer and painter.[2][3] He published the review L'État Naturel (1894–1898) and collaborated with Henri Zisly and Henri Beylie on La Nouvelle Humanité, Le Naturien (1898), Le Sauvage (1898–1899), L'Ordre Naturel (1905), and La Vie Naturelle (1907–1914).[4] His ideas were important in individualist anarchist circles in France as well as Spain, where Federico Urales (pseudonym of Joan Montseny) promoted the ideas of Gravelle and Zisly in La Revista Blanca (1898–1905).[1]


  1. ^ a b "Los origenes del naturismo libertario" por Agustín Morán
  2. ^ Etudes Jean-Jacques Rousseau Musée Jean-Jacques Rousseau - 1996 Le fondateur du Naturianisme est Émile Gravelle. Né en 1855 à Douai, il a quarante ans quand il crée ce mouvement. Il est alors artiste- peintre et dessinateur, et il a décidé de consacrer son art à la cause anarchiste."
  3. ^ "L@s Naturistas, precursores del Ecologismo" by Dominique Petit
  4. ^ The daily bleed
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