World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ākāśagarbha

Article Id: WHEBN0001218299
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ākāśagarbha  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shingon Buddhism, Kshitigarbha, Mahāsattva, List of bodhisattvas, Mahasthamaprapta
Collection: Bodhisattvas, Buddhist Mantras, Buddhist Tantras
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ākāśagarbha

Ākāśagarbha statue in Jingo-ji, 9th century

Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva (Sanskrit: Chinese: 虛空藏菩薩; pinyin: Xūkōngzàng Púsà; Japanese pronunciation: Kokūzō Bosatsu; Korean: 허공장보살; romaja: Heogongjang Bosal, Standard Tibetan Namkha'i Nyingpo, Tibetan: ནམ་མཁའི་སྙིང་པོ།) is a bodhisattva who is associated with the great element (mahābhūta) of space (ākāśa).

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Sutras 2
  • Mantras 3
  • Literature 4
  • References 5
    • Bibliography 5.1
  • External links 6

Overview

Painting of Ākāśagarbha, Japan, 13th century

Ākāśagarbha is regarded as one of the eight great bodhisattvas. His name can be translated as "boundless space treasury" or "void store" as his wisdom is said to be boundless as space itself. He is sometimes known as the twin brother of the "earth store" bodhisattva Kṣitigarbha, and is even briefly mentioned in the Kṣitigarbha Bodhisattva Pūrvapraṇidhāna Sūtra.

Kūkai, the founder of Shingon Buddhism, met a famous monk who is said to have repeatedly chanted a mantra of Ākāśagarbha as a young Buddhist acolyte. Kūkai took a tutorial with him on Kokuzou-Gumonji (a secret doctorine method, 虚空蔵求聞持法).[1] As he chanted the mantra, he experienced a vision whereby Ākāśagarbha told him to go to China to seek understanding of the Mahāvairocana Abhisaṃbodhi Sūtra.[2] Later he would go to China to learn Tangmi from Huiguo, and then go on to found the Shingon in Japan.

Sutras

Two Mahayana sutras are known to survive in which Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva is a central figure:

  • 《虛空藏菩薩經》 (Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva Sūtra)
  • 《虛空藏菩薩神咒經》 (Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva Dhāraṇī Sūtra)

Additionally, he appears briefly in the final chapter of the Kṣitigarbha Bodhisattva Pūrvapraṇidhāna Sūtra, requesting the Buddha preach on the benefits of praising that sutra and of Kṣitigarbha.[3]

Mantras

The mantra of Ākāśagarbha is popularly used by Shingon Buddhists, practitioners of Tangmi, and by artists. It is believed to give rise to wisdom and creativity, and dispel ignorance.


  • Chinese: Namo Xukongzang Pusa
  • Korean: Namu Heogongjang Bosal
  • Vietnamese: Nam Mo Hu Khong Tang Bo Tat
  • Translation: Homage to Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva

Another mantra also exists for Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva:

  • Sanskrit: namo ākāśagarbhāya oṃ ārya kamari mauli svāhā
  • Chinese: 南牟,阿迦捨,揭婆耶,唵,阿唎,迦麼唎,慕唎,莎訶!
  • Japanese pronunciation: nōbō akyasha kyarabaya on arikya mari bori sowaka
  • Translation: In the name of ākāśa-garbhāya Om Flower-Garland Lotus-Crown may it be accomplished


Literature

Visser, M. W. de. The Bodhisattva Akasagarbha (Kokuzo) in China and Japan, Amsterdam: The Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences, 1931.

References

  1. ^ Koya-san Fudoin 高野山不動院
  2. ^ Abe 2013, p. 74.
  3. ^ Śikṣānanda 2003, pp. 89-93.

Bibliography

  •  
  • French, Frank G.; Shih, Tao-tsi; Śikṣānanda (2003). The Sutra of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha's Fundamental Vows. Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation. 
  •  

External links

  • Gumonji : A possible cure for memory loss The Japan Times
  • Japanese Buddhist Statuary: Kokuzo
  • The Koyasan Shingon-shu Lay Practitioner's Daily Service
  • Headquarters of The Chinese (Hanmi) Esoteric School: Prajna Akasagarbha Teachings available to the general public
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.