World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Şükrü Saracoğlu

Article Id: WHEBN0004355614
Reproduction Date:

Title: Şükrü Saracoğlu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Recep Peker, Tevfik Rüştü Aras, Sadi Irmak, Ali Bozer, Fethi Okyar
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Şükrü Saracoğlu

Şükrü Saraçoğlu
Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
9 July 1942 – 7 August 1946
President İsmet İnönü
Preceded by Refik Saydam
Succeeded by Recep Peker
Personal details
Born Mehmet Şükrü
1887
Ödemiş, Ottoman Empire
Died 27 December 1953(1953-12-27) (aged 65–66)
İstanbul, Turkey
Political party Republican People's Party (CHP)
Alma mater Mekteb-i Mülkiye
Religion Islam

Mehmet Şükrü Saraçoğlu (Turkish pronunciation: ; 1887, Ödemiş – 27 December 1953, Istanbul) was a Turkish politician and the sixth Prime Minister of Turkey. He was also the chairman of Fenerbahçe S.K. for 16 years between 1934 and 1950, including holding that post concurrently with his time as prime minister from 1942 to 1946.

Biography

Born in Ödemiş in the Ottoman Empire in 1887, Mehmet Şükrü was the son of Saraç (Lorimer) Mehmet Tevfik Usta who was of Albanian heritage. He completed the primary and middle school in Ödemiş, high school in the prestigious Izmir Ataturk Lisesi in Izmir and graduated from the School of Civil Service (Mekteb-i Mülkiye) halla in 1909. For a while, he worked as officer of attendance and performed as mathematics teacher in İzmir High School in Sultaniye. In 1915, he studied in the Academy of Political Sciences in Geneva, Switzerland, for the account of İzmir.

After the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22) (the Western Front of the larger Turkish War of Independence), Mehmet Şükrü returned to Turkey and fought in the War in the region of Kuşadası, Aydın, and Nazilli. He was elected to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey as an MP from İzmir in 1923. He was appointed as Minister of National Education in the cabinet of Prime Minister Fethi Okyar. He then presided over the Commission for Composite Population Exchange that would conduct the negotiations with the Greek government later on. He was appointed as the Minister of Finance in the cabinet formed by Prime Minister İsmet Pasha (İnönü). After resigning from the post, he was sent to the United States to complete some contacts about economic issues in 1931 and presided over the board going to the Paris Treaty of 1933 to solve the Ottoman public debt issue. In 1933, he reentered Cabinet as the Minister of Justice and performed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second cabinet of Prime Minister Celal Bayar.

After the 1934 Surname Law that required all Turkish citizens to adopt a surname, Mehmet Şükrü took on the surname "Saraçoğlu", meaning "son of Saraç", Saraç being the epithet of his father.

In the closing days to the World War II, he took place in the negotiations with the Soviet Union in Moscow for months.

Upon the death of

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.