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Title: .bv  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: .sj, .rw, .ye, .no, .yt
Collection: 1997 Establishments in Norway, Bouvet Island, Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries Members, Country Code Top-Level Domains
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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.bv

.bv
Introduced 21 August 1997
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Inactive, but still in root
Registry Norid
Sponsor Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority
Intended use Entities connected with Bouvet Island
Actual use Not in use; authorities decided that use of the .no domain is sufficient
Registration restrictions No registrations are being taken
Structure Not in use
Documents Policy notice
Dispute policies None
Website www.norid.no

.bv is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) reserved for the uninhabited Norwegian dependent territory of Bouvet Island. The domain name registry and sponsor is Norid, but .bv is not open for registration. .bv was designated on 21 August 1997 and was placed under the .no registry Norid. Norwegian policy states that .no is sufficient for those institutions connected to Bouvet Island, and therefore the domain is not open to registration. It is Norwegian policy not to commercialize domain resources, so there are no plans to sell .bv. Should the domain later come into use, it will be under the regulation of the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority and follow the same policy as .no.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Policy 2
  • References 3
    • Bibliography 3.1

History

Bouvet Island is an uninhabited volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean. It was claimed by Norway in 1927.[1] The domain was allocated on 21 August 1997,[2] at the same time .sj was allocated for Svalbard and Jan Mayen.[3] The allocation occurred because the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) assigns ccTLDs to all entities with an ISO 3166 code,[4] for which Bouvet Island is designated BV.[5]

In June 2015, Norwegian computer scientist Håkon Wium Lie and the Socialist Left Party proposed using the .bv domain, along with .sj, as online free havens. The proposal aims at protecting both the Norwegian authorities and foreign dissidents from surveillance.[6]

Policy

Management of .bv lies with Trondheim-based Norid, which is also the domain name registry for .no and the unused .sj. Norid is a limited company owned by Uninett, which is owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research.[7] The legal right to manage the domains is twofold, based both on an agreement with the IANA and regulations via the Telecommunication Act which is supervised by the Lillesand-based Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority.[8]

The policy for the use of .bv is regulated by the Regulation Concerning Domain Names Under Norwegian Country Code Top-level Domains, also known as the Domain Regulation. This regulation also regulates Norway's other two ccTLDs, .no and .sj. Should .bv eventually come into use, the same rules and procedures as those currently regarding .no would be used for .bv.[9] The domain remains reserved for potential future use. Sale of the two unused ccTLDs has not been an item to consider for policy-makers, as commercialization of domain resources is in direct contradiction to Norwegian policy.[10]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority (2002): 26
  9. ^ Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority (2002): 42
  10. ^

Bibliography

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