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1871

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Title: 1871  
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Subject: 19th century, 1945, 1936, 1925, 1950
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1871

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 18th century19th century20th century
Decades: 1840s  1850s  1860s  – 1870s –  1880s  1890s  1900s
Years: 1868 1869 187018711872 1873 1874
1871 in topic:
Humanities
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtLiteratureMusic
By country
AustraliaBrazil - CanadaFranceGermanyMexicoPhilippinesSouth AfricaUSUK
Other topics
Rail TransportScienceSports
Lists of leaders
Colonial GovernorsState leaders
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
Works category
Works
1871 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1871
MDCCCLXXI
Ab urbe condita 2624
Armenian calendar 1320
ԹՎ ՌՅԻ
Assyrian calendar 6621
Bahá'í calendar 27–28
Bengali calendar 1278
Berber calendar 2821
British Regnal year 34 Vict. 1 – 35 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2415
Burmese calendar 1233
Byzantine calendar 7379–7380
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
4567 or 4507
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4568 or 4508
Coptic calendar 1587–1588
Discordian calendar 3037
Ethiopian calendar 1863–1864
Hebrew calendar 5631–5632
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1927–1928
 - Shaka Samvat 1793–1794
 - Kali Yuga 4972–4973
Holocene calendar 11871
Igbo calendar 871–872
Iranian calendar 1249–1250
Islamic calendar 1287–1288
Japanese calendar Meiji 4
(明治4年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4204
Minguo calendar 41 before ROC
民前41年
Thai solar calendar 2414


Year 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

  • The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine are transferred from France to Germany.
  • British trade unions are legalized.
  • Heinrich Schliemann begins the excavation of Troy.
  • Japan forms its own nationwide police force based on the French model.
  • astronomical aberration is independent of the local medium.
  • William M. Tweed serves his last year as the "Boss" of the Tammany Hall political machine in New York.
  • The South Improvement Company is formed by John D. Rockefeller and a group of major railroad interests in an early effort to organize and control the petroleum industry in the USA.
  • The Harvard Summer School is founded.
  • The Constitution of the German Empire abolishes all restrictions on Jewish marriage, choice of occupation, place of residence, and property ownership. Exclusion from government employment and discrimination in social relations remain in effect.
  • The American minister to China takes five warships to attempt to "open up" Korea, but his forces leave after exchanges of fire result in 250 Koreans dying and the Korean government still unwilling to make any concessions.
  • Virginia adopts a new Constitution, taking into account, among other things, all of the counties that had left Virginia in 1863 to form the new non-slave state of West Virginia. No other state has ever formed by breaking off from another without the consent of the legislature of the parent state, as in the cases of Vermont, Kentucky, and Maine.
  • In Hanover, German company Continental AG is founded.

Births

January–June

July–December

Deaths

January–June

July–December

References

  1. ^ BBC History, July 2011, p12
  2. ^ Edward Joesting, Kauai: The Separate Kingdom (University of Hawaii Press, 1988) p171
  3. ^ John Taliaferro, In a Far Country: The True Story of a Mission, a Marriage, a Murder, and the Remarkable Reindeer Rescue of 1898 (PublicAffairs, 2007) p179
  4. ^ Mitchell Snay, Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (Rowman & Littlefield, 2011) p172
  5. ^ Stanley, Henry Morton (1872). How I Found Livingstone - Travels, Adventures, and Discoveries in Central Africa; Including Four Months' Residence with Dr. Livingstone (1984 ed.). Crown Buildings, 188 Fleet Street, London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low, and Searle. p. 412.  
  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...for 1871 (1873), comprehensive collection of facts online edition
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