World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1980 New York City transit strike

 

1980 New York City transit strike

The 1980 New York City transit strike in New York City (often referred to as the Subway strike) was the first work stoppage at the New York City Transit Authority (a subsidiary of the New York MTA) since 1966. 34,000 members of Transport Workers Union Local 100 walked off their jobs on April 1, 1980, in a strike with the goal of increasing the wage for contracted workers. All subway and bus lines in The Five Boroughs were brought to a complete standstill for ten days, during which the city lost an approximated $2 million a day in taxes and another $1 million a day in overtime expenses for city employees. Companies in the private sector lost approximately $100 million per day, and job absenteeism was estimated to be between 15 and 20 percent. The strike was resolved on April 11, with the TWU winning a 9% raise in the first year and 8% in the second year, along with a cost-of-living adjustment.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Responses to the strike 2
  • Effects 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The transit workers contract was up for renewal in April 1980. Negotiations began on February 4, with the Union initially demanding a 21-month contract with a 30% wage increase; they justified the hike by claiming that the cost of living had gone up 53% since the last contract negotiation, and their contract did not account for changes in the cost of living. The negotiations were extremely confrontational. The MTA responded on March 31 with a proposal of a 34-month contract with a 3% wage increase each year. Negotiations failed early the next morning.

Responses to the strike

In response, the city implemented drastic plans to curb urban traffic. Most significant was a mandatory carpool restriction, in which cars were not allowed to enter Manhattan during rush hour without at least three passengers.

The population of Manhattan is said to have increased by 500,000 people during the strike, primarily corporate employees staying in hotel rooms. Bicycle commuters are estimated to have increased by 200,000 people.

Though originally uninvolved with the strike, Mayor Ed Koch became a very popular and visible figure to the commuting public. He was widely seen crossing the Brooklyn Bridge with the masses of people commuting on foot, famously asking people "How'm I doing?"[1] He also famously suggested that commuters stop to have a martini after work in order to let rush hour congestion clear.

Effects

After the strike, subway fares were increased from 50 cents to 60 cents in order to offset the heavy losses suffered by the MTA during the strike.

The Taylor Law, passed after the 1966 strike, specifically forbids any public union from going on strike. The 1980 workers were fined heavily for their strike and the union lost dues check-off rights for four months, and did not strike again until the 2005 New York City transit strike.

See also

References

  1. ^ "How Would Dinkins Have Done, Had He Come After Giuliani?". New York. Jan 17–24, 2011. 

External links

  • The New York City Transit Authority in the 1980s
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.