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2015 Formula One season

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2015 Formula One season

Lewis Hamilton successfully defended his title after winning the United States Grand Prix.[1]
Mercedes won their second consecutive World Constructors' Championship at the Russian Grand Prix with the F1 W06 Hybrid.

The 2015 Formula One season is the 66th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Twenty-two drivers representing ten teams are contesting nineteen scheduled Grands Prix,[2] starting in Australia on 15 March and ending in Abu Dhabi on 29 November as they compete for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championships.

Lewis Hamilton is the defending Drivers' Champion after securing his second title at the 2014 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[3] His team, Mercedes, began the season as the defending Constructors' Champion, having secured its first championship title at the 2014 Russian Grand Prix.[4]

The calendar featured two significant changes; the first being the return of the Mexican Grand Prix, held for the first time since 1992, while the German Grand Prix was ultimately scrapped after a venue could not be secured, leaving the nation without a World Championship event for the first time in fifty-five years.

Hamilton secured his third Drivers' Championship with three races left in the season. He leads Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel by seventy-six points, with Hamilton's team-mate Nico Rosberg a further four points behind in third. Mercedes clinched the 2015 Constructors' title at the Russian Grand Prix, ahead of Ferrari and Williams. Hamilton has already secured the FIA Pole Trophy, having amassed eleven pole positions thus far in the season.

Teams and drivers

The following teams and drivers are currently taking part in the 2015 Formula One World Championship.[5]

Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Tyre No. Race drivers Rounds No. Free Practice drivers
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF15-T Ferrari 059/4[6] P 5
7
Sebastian Vettel
Kimi Räikkönen
1–17
1–17
N/A
Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India-Mercedes VJM08
VJM08B[7]
Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 11
27
Sergio Pérez
Nico Hülkenberg
1–17
1–17
N/A
Lotus F1 Team Lotus-Mercedes E23 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 8
13
Romain Grosjean
Pastor Maldonado       
1–17
1–17
30 Jolyon Palmer
Manor Marussia F1 Team Marussia-Ferrari MR03B[8][9] Ferrari 059/3[10][11] P 28
98
53
Will Stevens
Roberto Merhi
Alexander Rossi
1–17
1–12, 15
13–14, 16–17
42    Fabio Leimer
McLaren Honda McLaren-Honda MP4-30 Honda RA615H Hybrid P 20
14
22
 Kevin Magnussen
Fernando Alonso
Jenson Button
1
2–17
1–17
N/A
Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team         Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 6
44
Nico Rosberg
Lewis Hamilton
1–17
1–17
N/A
Infiniti Red Bull Racing Red Bull-Renault RB11 Renault Energy F1-2015 P 3
26
Daniel Ricciardo
Daniil Kvyat
1–17
1–17
N/A
   Sauber F1 Team Sauber-Ferrari C34 Ferrari 059/4[6] P 9
12
Marcus Ericsson
Felipe Nasr
1–17
1–17
36 Raffaele Marciello       
Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso-Renault STR10 Renault Energy F1-2015 P 33
55
Max Verstappen
Carlos Sainz, Jr.
1–17
1–17
N/A
Williams Martini Racing Williams-Mercedes FW37 Mercedes PU106B Hybrid P 19
77
Felipe Massa
Valtteri Bottas
1–17
1–17
41 Susie Wolff
Sources:[5][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

Notes:

^‡ – Will Stevens and Roberto Merhi were entered for the first round in Australia, but although both they and Marussia were present, they did not compete as the team were unable to complete their cars in time for the event.

Team changes

McLaren renewed their relationship with Japanese manufacturer Honda, twenty-three years since they last competed together. Pictured is the McLaren MP4/6, one of the last cars built by McLaren to use a Honda engine, racing at the 1991 United States Grand Prix.
  • Honda returned to Formula One as an engine supplier, providing McLaren with a V6 engine and Energy Recovery System package, ending the team's 20-year partnership with Mercedes-Benz.[25] Honda had previously supplied McLaren from 1988 until 1992, when they ended their involvement in Formula One. Honda returned to the sport in 2000, again as an engine supplier, providing British American Racing and Jordan Grand Prix with engines until they purchased the former in 2006 and competed as a constructor until 2008.
  • Lotus changed engine suppliers, ending their association with Renault in favour of a deal with Mercedes.[26] This ended a 20-year involvement of Renault with the Enstone based team, after being an engine supplier to Benetton since 1995, and being the owner of the team from 2002 to 2010.
  • Following the 2014 Russian Grand Prix, Marussia went into administration, missing the final three races of the 2014 season. In November 2014, administrators announced that the Marussia team would cease trading and close down,[27] but the team was saved from liquidation in February 2015 when new investment was secured and the team left administration after an agreement with creditors was reached.[28] The team re-entered as Manor Marussia and registered as a British team, rather than Russian.
  • The assets of Caterham F1 were auctioned off by company administrators during the opening rounds of the season,[29][30][31] and they were not included on the final entry list published ahead of the opening race.[5]

Driver changes

Sebastian Vettel left Red Bull Racing – the team with which he won four World Drivers' Championships – at the end of the 2014 season to join Ferrari.

Mid-season changes

Season calendar

Nations that will host a Grand Prix in 2015 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey, and former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

The following nineteen Grands Prix are scheduled to take place in 2015.[2]

Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 15 March
2 Malaysian Grand Prix Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur         29 March
3 Chinese Grand Prix Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 12 April
4 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 19 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Barcelona 10 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix   Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 24 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 7 June
8 Austrian Grand Prix Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 21 June
9 British Grand Prix Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 5 July
10 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungaroring, Budapest 26 July
11 Belgian Grand Prix Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 23 August
12 Italian Grand Prix Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 6 September
13 Singapore Grand Prix Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 20 September
14 Japanese Grand Prix Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka 27 September  
15 Russian Grand Prix Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 11 October
16 United States Grand Prix Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 25 October
17 Mexican Grand Prix Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City        1 November
18 Brazilian Grand Prix Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 15 November
19 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 29 November
Sources:[2][52]

Calendar changes

Comparison between the layout of the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez last used by Formula One in 1992 (top), and the redeveloped layout to be used from 2015 (bottom).

Returning races

  • The Mexican Grand Prix is scheduled to return to the Formula One calendar for the first time since 1992. The race is to be held at the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez circuit located in the centre of Mexico City, which also was the location of all Mexican Grands Prix in previous decades.[53] The circuit will be substantially reconfigured to accommodate the sport's return.[54]

Failed race bids

  • The Grand Prix of America, originally aimed for a debut in 2013 at the Port Imperial Street Circuit in New Jersey after a fifteen-year contract was signed, was again delayed for a third straight year.[55][56]
  • The German Grand Prix was set to return to the Nürburgring, in accordance with the event-sharing agreement established between the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring in 2008.[57] The Nürburgring had previously hosted the race in 2013 and so was scheduled to host it again in 2015, but the venue was left off the provisional calendar,[58] leaving the event-sharing agreement at a stalemate.[59][60] With both venues unwilling to host the event,[61][62] the race was ultimately cancelled, leaving the country off the Grand Prix calendar for the first time since 1960.[52]
  • The Indian Grand Prix was cancelled for the second consecutive year due to an unresolved tax case in the Bombay High Court.[63]
  • The Korean Grand Prix was scheduled to return to the Formula One calendar after being removed in 2014,[2] but the plan was ultimately abandoned.[64]

Regulation changes

Technical regulations

Sparks returned in 2015 due to titanium skid blocks attached to the underside of the cars.
  • The number of power units that a driver may use in a season was reduced from five in 2014 to four in 2015.[65]
    • After the 2015 British Grand Prix the rules were changed to allow new power unit manufacturers one additional power unit in their first season of competition. This was retroactively applied to Honda.[66]
  • The rules regarding engine development that were introduced in 2014 were changed, with the manufacturers allowed to perform half the development permitted in 2014; the development will be halved again in 2016.[67]
  • Following the backlash over "ugly" nose designs in 2014, the FIA moved to amend the rules surrounding nose designs for the 2015 season. Noses are now lower than in 2014, retaining a minimum cross section, but they must taper to a point at a fixed linear rate, effectively outlawing the dramatic finger shapes seen in 2014 in favour of a more gradual shape. Furthermore, the design of the nose must be symmetrical and consistent with the centreline of the car, thereby banning the more exotic designs, such as the "twin-tusk" approach used by Lotus on the E22 chassis.[68]
  • The minimum weight of the cars at all times during an event was increased to 702 kilograms (1,548 lb), an increase of 10 kilograms (22 lb) from 2014.[2]
  • The ban on front-and-rear interconnected suspension systems (FRIC) implemented in the middle of the 2014 season was formalised, with the regulations stating that the front and rear suspension must be designed in such a way that any change in performance must be a direct result of a change in load applied solely to them.[2]
  • The anti-intrusion panels on both sides of the survival cell have been extended upwards to the rim of the cockpit and alongside the driver's head.[2]
  • Titanium skid blocks on the underside of the car were made mandatory for the 2015 season, which led to a return of sparks being created by the cars as the underbody touched the track.[69]

Sporting regulations

  • The replacement of a complete power unit no longer results in a penalty. Penalties continue to be applied cumulatively for individual components of the power unit, and if such a grid place penalty is imposed and the driver's grid position is such that it cannot be applied in full, the remainder of the penalty is no longer carried over to the next race, but is instead applied in the form of a time penalty during the race corresponding to the number of grid spaces remaining in the penalty.[2]
    • After the 2015 British Grand Prix, these rules were changed with immediate effect, to make demotion to the back of the grid the maximum penalty for engine changes. Additional time penalties to be served during the race were abandoned.[66]
  • In addition to the existing five-second penalty that may be served during a driver's scheduled pit stop, a new ten-second penalty that has to be served in the same manner, was introduced.[2]
  • If a car is deemed to have been released from its pit stop in an unsafe manner, the driver receives a ten-second stop-and-go penalty. Further penalties are applied if the stewards believe that the driver is aware of this and attempts to drive the car regardless.[2]
  • The qualifying procedure has been further clarified to cater to different sizes of starting grids: if twenty-four cars are entered for the race, seven are eliminated after the each of the first two qualifying segments; if twenty-two are entered, six are eliminated after each qualifying segment and so on if fewer cars are eligible.
  • Double points will no longer be awarded at the final event of the championship.[2]
  • In light of a regulation introduced in 2014 dictating that a race can not run for more than four hours and following recommendations from the report into Jules Bianchi's accident the previous season, the start times of five Grands Prix have been moved one hour earlier, so that races do not start with less than four hours until dusk. Thus, the Australian, Malaysia, Chinese, Japanese and Russian Grands Prix will start an hour earlier than in 2014.[70]
  • In the aftermath of Bianchi's accident, a new procedure called Virtual Safety Car (VSC) was introduced following trials during the last three Grands Prix of 2014. The procedure may be initiated when double waved yellow flags are needed on any section of a circuit where competitors and officials may be in danger, but the circumstances are not as such to warrant deployment of the actual safety car. It obliges drivers to reduce their speed to match the one indicated on their displays on their steering wheels.[2]
  • The safety car procedure was amended. Once the last lapped car has passed the leader, the safety car returns to the pits at the end of the following lap. This is a change of the previous practice which required the unlapped cars to have caught up with the back of the pack before the safety car could return to the pits.[2]
  • If a race is suspended (red-flagged), the cars no longer line up on the grid but instead slowly proceed to the pit lane. Pit exit is closed and the first car to arrive in the pit lane proceeds to the exit with the others lining up behind in the order in which they arrive, regardless of race standing or garage location. Severe circumstances may still require cars to stop immediately on track.[2]
  • If any team personnel or team equipment remain on the grid after the fifteen-second signal has been shown before the start of the formation lap, the driver of the car concerned must start the race from the pit lane. If the driver concerned fails to obey this, they receive a ten-second stop-and-go penalty.[2]
  • Beginning with the Belgian Grand Prix, radio communication from engineers to drivers will not be allowed pertaining to race starts, such as recommended torque map settings for optimal acceleration. This restriction adds to the partial radio ban implemented at the end of the previous season.[71]
  • Drivers are no longer permitted to change the design of their helmet in-season.[72]

Season report

Max Verstappen (pictured at the Malaysian Grand Prix) set two records in his first two races: youngest driver to start a race, and youngest driver to score points.
Pre-season

Before the start of the season, Hamilton announced he would not be exercising his option of switching his car number to 1 for 2015, as was his prerogative as reigning World Champion, and would instead race with his career number 44. It was the first season since 1994, when Alain Prost retired from the sport following his fourth and final World Drivers' Championship title in 1993, that the field did not contain a number 1 car.[73]

Following the financial struggles faced by Marussia and Caterham in 2014, the FIA approved the use of 2014-specification chassis in 2015 provided that teams showed cause and received an individual dispensation to compete with their old chassis.[74] However, a request by Manor Marussia to use their 2014 car was later rejected by the other teams.[75][76] Subsequent regulation changes allowed the team to use a modified 2014 chassis which met updated safety and dimensional limits. The car is powered by a 2014 specification Ferrari power unit, with a new chassis to be introduced later in the season.[11] However, following the twelfth round, Manor Marussia elected to abandon those plans in favor of developing the car for the following season.[77]

McLaren's Fernando Alonso was involved in a pre-season testing accident that saw the two-time World Drivers' Champion hospitalised. McLaren claimed the crash was caused by a sudden gust of wind disrupting the car's downforce, while Alonso insisted the crash was caused by his steering wheel locking up.[78] On doctor's advice, Alonso elected to sit out the opening round in Australia, prompting the team to replace him with Kevin Magnussen for the race.[34][79] Alonso was ultimately cleared to race by the second round in Malaysia.[80]

Championship

In Malaysia, Sebastian Vettel secured Ferrari's first victory since the 2013 Spanish Grand Prix and his first victory since the 2013 Brazilian Grand Prix.

Opening rounds

Mercedes began the season with a 1–2 finish in Australia, resulting in a twenty-eight point lead after just one round, finishing over 30 seconds clear of third place driver Sebastian Vettel, who secured a podium in his first race with Ferrari. Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo finished a lap down in sixth,[81] prompting the team to continue to press their frustrations with Renault, as they were forced to use its second of four allotted power units for Ricciardo on the very first day of the season.[82] The team also voiced its displeasure over the progress Renault has made in terms of power, with team principal Christian Horner stating that the Energy F1-2015 is still 100 horsepower (75 kW) down on Mercedes's PU106B Hybrid.[83] After the race, Red Bull team advisor Helmut Marko suggested that Red Bull may exit Formula One entirely if changes to the regulations are not made to level the field or cut development costs.[84] Renault countered with their own threat to pull out of Formula One as an engine supplier if its reputation continues to be damaged or is otherwise not profitable to the company.[85] Mercedes followed up by finishing second and third in Malaysia, while Red Bull continued to struggle, rounding out the top ten a lap down. By the end of the flyaway rounds, Mercedes led the field, having earned 159 points (with Lewis Hamilton acquiring 93 out of 100 possible points), while Red Bull's struggles endured. The team acquired 26 points, enough for a distant fourth, and Ricciardo entered the European stages of the season on his fourth and final permissible power unit with fifteen events remaining on the calendar.

With McLaren's longest continuous testing session lasting twelve laps in Barcelona – a total of 56 kilometres (35 mi), a sixth of a total Grand Prix distance – before running into engine trouble, Honda elected to detune the power units for the opening Grands Prix in an effort to improve reliability and longevity while the manufacturer worked to improve these areas before homologation.[86] Both cars qualified on the back row, and in the race Kevin Magnussen failed to reach the grid after suffering an abrupt engine failure, while Jenson Button managed to finish the race, albeit two laps behind the leaders in the last classified position.[81] Magnussen relinquished his seat back to Alonso in Malaysia, however both cars qualified ahead of only the Manor Marussias and eventually retired. The team showed signs of improvement in terms of performance, able to compete with the midfield cars in China and Bahrain, although reliability continued to prove troublesome as Button's car was unable to compete in the latter Grand Prix.

Following a tumultuous pre-season in which they went through a period of administration and were saved by late investment, Manor Marussia arrived in Melbourne with a car that had passed its mandatory crash tests, but had completed no testing.[87] However, it was discovered that after arrival in Australia and while assembling the cars, their computers had been wiped completely clean of all data in preparation for auction.[88] Despite the team's efforts, they were unable to solve the oversight and could not compete in the Grand Prix.[89] The team managed to get their cars running and on the racetrack by the second round in Malaysia and were able to set times within 107% of the leading times in practice, giving stewards reasonable grounds to allow the team to race when they failed to do so in qualifying. Merhi was able to finish the race three laps down in 15th, while Stevens did not start. Manor Marussia continued to show signs of consistency, with both cars qualifying within 107%, starting, and finishing both Grands Prix in China and Bahrain. They were one of two teams, the other being McLaren, to return to Europe without a championship point.

Ferrari came into the season seemingly much more competitive, finishing on the podium in the opening race. Returning driver Kimi Räikkönen stated that the SF15-T is "much better" to drive than last year's F14 T.[90] In Malaysia, Vettel won comfortably and Räikkönen finished in fourth despite suffering a tyre failure. They followed this up with a 3–4 finish in China and Räikkönen securing his first podium appearance in Bahrain since rejoining Ferrari the previous season. With 107 points, the team returned to Europe fifty-two points behind Mercedes, and forty-six points ahead of third place Williams.

European and Canadian rounds

Nico Rosberg leads the field on the opening lap of the Spanish Grand Prix. He would go on to win the race.

Mercedes arrived at Spain already with a comfortable lead, having amassed a fifty-two point cushion over Ferrari after the first four races. Lewis Hamilton entered having left only 7 points out of a possible 100 on the table, giving him a twenty-seven point lead over teammate Nico Rosberg entering the eight-race European portion of the season.

Rosberg quickly cut into Hamilton's championship lead by securing victories in Spain (reducing his deficit to twenty points) and Monaco. The latter win was aided by the result of a costly miscalculation by the Mercedes team to pit Hamilton with a 19-second lead during a safety car period (that briefly saw the use of the "Virtual Safety Car" for the first time in F1's history) with 14 laps remaining. Rosberg and Sebastian Vettel did not pit, allowing both to narrowly pass Hamilton by the pit exit lane. Racing resumed on lap 71 and Rosberg quickly pulled away, remaining in the lead till the chequered flag. Vettel held off Hamilton for second and third, respectively. As a result, Hamilton's lead over Rosberg in the Drivers' Championship was cut in half, to just ten points. Meanwhile, Button secured McLaren's first points of the season by finishing 8th. This left the Marussia drivers of Stevens and Merhi, along with fellow McLaren driver Fernando Alonso, as the only full-time drivers not to score a point after seven rounds.

Lewis Hamilton (top) gestures to his home crowd following his fifth win of the season at Silverstone, while Fernando Alonso (bottom) picked up his first point of the season.

At the following Grands Prix in Canada, Austria, and Britain, Mercedes put to rest the criticism following the result in Monaco[91] with three successive 1–2 finishes, extending their championship lead to 160 points over Ferrari. Williams collected their first two podiums of the season in the form of a third-place results by Valtteri Bottas in Canada and Felipe Massa in Austria, while Ferrari lost ground to Mercedes following a retirement in Austria and an eighth-place finish in Britain by Räikkönen. Other power unit manufacturers continued to show their struggles, with Renault finishing in the top five only once, in Monaco, indicating their continued lack of power. Honda continued to have reliability issues and, through Britain, suffered nine retirements and two failure to starts due to power unit problems, translating to only seven overall finishes out of 18 possible results.

The Drivers' Championship remained closely contested between leader Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg, with the gap between them never larger than 28 points after Hamilton's round-eleven victory in Belgium. The two would trade victories between rounds six and nine, closing the gap to as little as ten points. Sebastian Vettel, who at one time was within three points of the lead after his second-round victory in Malaysia and the only non-Mercedes winner after eleven rounds, could not overcome team miscues in Canada and Austria, and fell 59 points off the pace of Hamilton after round nine. He rebounded in Hungary by winning his second race of the season, reducing the gap to Hamilton to 42 points in the process, but fell out of a points-paying position in Belgium after a tyre failure on the penultimate lap, dropping him to 67 points behind the leader.

Hamilton closed out the European portion of the season with his seventh victory of the season in Italy. With Rosberg's retirement at the event, Hamilton entered the closing rounds of the season with a 53-point lead over his team-mate in the Drivers' Championship standings, the largest gap of the season at that point, while Vettel sat a further 21 points behind. Hamilton's tenth pole position in Belgium assured him the FIA Pole Trophy. Mercedes built up a 181-point lead over Ferrari in the Constructors' Championship, with Williams in third, 263 points behind the leaders. After twelve rounds, half of the teams have been represented on the podium, while nine of ten have scored points.

Asian, Russian, and American rounds

American Alexander Rossi, seen here driving at his home race, made his Formula One race debut at the Singapore Grand Prix.

Shortly before the thirteenth round in Singapore, Manor Marussia announced that American GP2 driver Alexander Rossi would race for the team, replacing Merhi in five of the final seven rounds, while stating that Merhi would be retained for the remaining two. Vettel would claim his third victory of the season in Singapore, closing his gap to Nico Rosberg in second place to just eight points in the Drivers' Championship.

Rosberg could not close the gap to Hamilton in Japan or Russia; despite winning pole position in both races, his leads were short-lived. He was passed by Hamilton on the opening corner in Japan and retired on lap seven in Russia. Vettel capitalised on the results with a third-place and second-place finish, respectively, to take second place in the Drivers' Championship from Rosberg with four rounds remaining, while Hamilton extended his lead to 66 points, the highest lead he has held in the season. A victory in the United States, with Rosberg and Vettel finishing second and third respectively, secured the third Drivers' Championship for Hamilton with three races left to run.[92]

Legal disputes

Sauber

Sauber's early season preparations were disrupted by a series of legal challenges from former Caterham driver Giedo van der Garde, who claimed that the team had reneged on a contract to race that was signed in June 2014.[93] Van der Garde filed a motion with the Supreme Court of Victoria in Australia in an effort to force the team to replace one of their drivers with him at the opening round in Melbourne,[94] with the court finding in his favour.[95] Van der Garde later agreed to not participate in the event, with the driver and team settling the dispute for an undisclosed sum to terminate the contract following the first round.[96]

Lotus

Lotus suffered financially throughout the season, culminating in Pirelli withholding their tyres for Friday's practice sessions in Hungary. Preceding the Belgian Grand Prix amid negotiations with Renault for a potential takeover, former Lotus reserve driver Charles Pic initiated legal action against Lotus alleging lack of seat time in 2014, resulting in breach of contract. Belgian authorities would later move to impound the assets of Lotus for four days following Grosjean's podium finish.[97] The legal battle between Lotus and Pic has yet to be publicly resolved.

Results and standings

Grands Prix

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Australian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton        Lewis Hamilton         Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2 Malaysian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Sebastian Vettel        Ferrari Report
3 Chinese Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
4 Bahrain Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Kimi Räikkönen Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
5 Spanish Grand Prix Nico Rosberg Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Mercedes Report
6  Monaco Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Daniel Ricciardo   Nico Rosberg Mercedes Report
7 Canadian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Kimi Räikkönen Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
8 Austrian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Nico Rosberg Mercedes Report
9 British Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
10 Hungarian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Daniel Ricciardo Sebastian Vettel Ferrari Report
11 Belgian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Nico Rosberg Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
12 Italian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
13 Singapore Grand Prix Sebastian Vettel         Daniel Ricciardo Sebastian Vettel Ferrari Report
14 Japanese Grand Prix Nico Rosberg        Lewis Hamilton         Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
15 Russian Grand Prix Nico Rosberg Sebastian Vettel Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
16 United States Grand Prix         Nico Rosberg Nico Rosberg Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
17 Mexican Grand Prix Nico Rosberg Nico Rosberg Nico Rosberg Mercedes Report
18 Brazilian Grand Prix Report
19 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Report

World Drivers' Championship standings

Points are awarded to the top ten classified finishers using the following structure:

Position 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

In the event of a tie, a count-back system is used as a tie-breaker, with a driver's best result used to decide the standings.[N 1]


World Constructors' Championship standings

World Engines' Championship standings

Pos. Manufacturer Points Gap
1 Mercedes-Benz 1043 Leader
2 Ferrari 410 -633
3 Renault 237 -806
4 Honda 27 -1016

Footnotes

  1. ^ In the event that two or more drivers achieved the same result an equal number of times, their next-best result is used. Should two or more drivers achieve equal results an equal number of times, the FIA will nominate the winner according to such criteria as it thinks fit.[98]

References

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  66. ^ a b
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External links

  • Official website
  • Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
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